Bradshaw, Greater Manchester
Bradshaw is a village of the unparished area of South Turton in the Metropolitan Borough of Bolton in Greater Manchester, England. It gives its name to the larger Bradshaw electoral ward, which includes Harwood. Historically a part of Lancashire, Bradshaw lies on the southern edge of the West Pennine Moors.
The toponymy of Bradshaw is derived from the Old English adjective Brad from which our modern word broad is evolved, and the Old English word sceaga – anglicised to shaw – a copse. The two elements together mean a broad copse. In early deeds and documents of the 13th Century the name is spelt Bradeshaye and later Bradshaigh.
The Manor of Bradshaw
Henry Bradshaw held land in the area in 1235, and the Bradshaws were an important Lancashire family in the late 1500s and early 1600s, especially during the movement against the King before the Civil War. John Bradshaw died in 1542 holding the Manor of Bradshaw. In 1694 the Manor and Lordship of Bradshaw was sold by another John Bradshaw to Henry Bradshaw of Marple Hall. The estate later descended to the Isherwood family.
In 1837, Bradshaw joined with other townships and civil parishes in the area to form the Bolton Poor Law Union and took joint responsibility for the administration and funding of the Poor Law and building a workhouse. In 1866, Bradshaw was given the status of a civil parish in its own right.
In 1894, Bradshaw became part of the Bolton Rural District which took responsibility over matters such as planning, council housing, and playgrounds and cemeteries. The Rural District was dissolved in 1898 and its civil parishes were incorporated into various local authorities. As a result, Bradshaw became part of the Turton Urban District.
Under the Local Government Act 1972, Turton Urban District was abolished on 1 April 1974 and was divided between two local authorities. The northern part, North Turton, became part of the Borough of Blackburn (which changed to Blackburn with Darwen in 1997) in Lancashire, and the southern part, South Turton (including Bradshaw), became part of the Metropolitan Borough of Bolton in Greater Manchester.
The inscription on one of the panels of the memorial reads:
To The Glory Of God And In Memory Of The Men Of Bradshaw Who Died For Their Country In The Great War 1914–1918.
On the base there is a further inscription for the Second World War:
Also In Loving Remembrance Of The Men Of This Parish Who Gave Their Lives In The War Of 1939–1945.
Bradshaw has two schools: St Maxentius C.of E. Primary School, New Heys Way, and Canon Slade School, Bradshaw Brow.
Bradshaw is famous for its "tower without a church and a church without a tower". This refers to St. Maxentius's Church in Bradshaw. This church was originally one of the earliest chapels of ease for Bolton Parish Church. The 16th-century tower is all that is left of the original chapel of ease. The present 1872 church building is near, but separate from the tower.
- "Greater Manchester Gazetteer". Greater Manchester County Record Office. Places names - B. Archived from the original on 18 July 2011.
- Bolton Council (2007). "Bolton ward profile: Bradshaw" (PDF). Bolton Council. Retrieved 26 July 2016.
- Billington, W.D. (1982). From Affetside to Yarrow : Bolton place names and their history. Egerton: Ross Anderson Publications. p. 12. ISBN 0-86360-003-4.
- Francis, James J. (2012). The Bradshaw Estate 1542-1919. Turton Local History Society. ISBN 978-1-904974-35-2.
- Higginbotham, Peter. "The Workhouse: Bolton, Lancashire". The Workhouse: The story of an institution... Retrieved April 6, 2007.
- Great Britain Historical GIS Project. "Bradshaw CP/Ch: Relationships and changes". A Vision of Britain through Time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 25 July 2016.
- Great Britain Historical GIS Project. "Status details for Civil Parish". A Vision of Britain through Time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 25 July 2016.
- "Greater Manchester Gazetteer". Greater Manchester County Record Office. Places names - T to W. Archived from the original on 18 July 2011.
- "Bradshaw War Memorial". War Memorials Online. Retrieved 25 July 2016.
- "Bradshaw (St. Maxentius) Churchyard". Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Retrieved 25 July 2016.
- "Bradshaw". bolton.org.uk. Retrieved 25 July 2016.