Bradshaw Mountains

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Bradshaw Mountains
Bradshaw Mts..JPG
The Bradshaw Mountains seen from the peak of
Mount Union
Highest point
PeakMount Union (Arizona)
Elevation7,979 ft (2,432 m)
Coordinates34°24′53″N 112°24′14″W / 34.41472°N 112.40389°W / 34.41472; -112.40389Coordinates: 34°24′53″N 112°24′14″W / 34.41472°N 112.40389°W / 34.41472; -112.40389
Length40 mi (64 km) north-south
Native nameWi:kañacha (Yavapai)
Bradshaw Mountains is located in Arizona
Bradshaw Mountains
Bradshaw Mountains
CountryUnited States
Borders onWeaver Mountains, Sierra Prieta, Black Hills and New River Mountains
Age of rockPrecambrian
Type of rockgranite and schist

The Bradshaw Mountains (Yavapai: Wi:kañacha, "rough, black range of rocks"[1]) are a mountain range in central Arizona, United States, named for brothers Isaac and William D. Bradshaw after their deaths, having been formerly known in English as the Silver Mountain Range.[2]


The first known settlements in the Bradshaws were a group of Yavapai people, called the Kwevkapaya who built forts and mined copper from around AD 1100 to 1600.[3] The Walker party found gold, and within a few years, the Bradshaws were filling up with settlers mining for gold, silver, and copper. In the early part of the 20th century, most of the towns that had sprung up were little more than ghost towns.


Spruce Mountain seen behind Mount Davis, from the peak of Mount Union
View looking South from the Summit of Mount Union the highest peak in the Bradshaw Mountains

Located approximately 5 miles (8 km) south of Prescott, Arizona, between the Agua Fria River on the east, and the Hassayampa River on the west, the range is 40 miles (64 km) long, and almost 25 miles (40 km) wide.



The Bradshaw Mountains consist primarily of Precambrian granite, gneiss and schist.


The biotic community of the Bradshaws ranges from interior chaparral and montane conifer forest, to plains and desert grassland, and Sonoran desert scrub. Many species of trees are found in the Bradshaws, including Piñon, Alligator Juniper, Ponderosa pine, Blue Spruce, Quaking Aspen, White fir, and Douglas fir. As well, much wildlife is present, including javelina, mountain lion, bobcat, black bear, mule deer, porcupine, fox, skunk, abert's squirrel, rock squirrel, wild turkey, many species of reptiles and amphibians, and many species of birds.

Several creeks have been dammed to form reservoirs, including Lynx Lake, Goldwater Lake, Lake Marapai, Hassayampa Lake, Horsethief Lake, and Cedar Tank.

Human use[edit]

An abandoned charcoal kiln, near Walker, Arizona

Gold was first discovered in the Bradshaws in 1863, over $2,000,000 worth being taken from just the Crown King Mine.[4] Copper and silver were also mined in the early part of the 20th century. Within Mount Union lies the Poland Junction silver mine.[5] Its adit, now sealed, may be accessed from Poland Junction, near Walker.

Ghost towns and other settlements[edit]

There are over 40 ghost towns in the Bradshaw Mountains,[4] including Crown King, Bumble Bee, Goodwin, Bradshaw City, Alexandra and Cleator.

Protected areas[edit]

Much of the Bradshaw Mountains are on Prescott National Forest land. Other parks include Horsethief Basin Recreational Area, Lynx Lake Recreational Area, and the Castle Creek Wilderness.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Corbusier, William T. (1969). Verde to San Carlos. Dale Stuart King. p. 55.
  2. ^ "Isaac Bradshaw picked up legacy after brother's death". Sharlot Hall Museum. Archived from the original on 2009-03-14. Retrieved 2009-10-02.
  3. ^ Annerino, John (1991). Adventuring in Arizona: The Sierra Club Travel Guide to the Grand Canyon State. San Francisco, California: Sierra Club Books. pp. 134–143.
  4. ^ a b "Ghost Towns & Mining History". Archived from the original on 2007-05-23. Retrieved 2019-10-21.
  5. ^ "Arizona Pioneer & Cemetery Research Project".