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Velvet ant in Namib-Naukluft National Park.JPG
Apterogyna female, Namibia
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Clade: Euarthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Superfamily: Vespoidea
Family: Bradynobaenidae

See text

The Bradynobaenidae are a family of wasps similar to the Mutillidae. These species are often found in arid regions. Recent classifications (beginning in 2008) remove two of the five constituent genera, both from the New World, to a separate family Chyphotidae, thus restricting true bradynobaenids to the Old World.[1][2]


Genera placed in Chyphotidae[edit]


  1. ^ Pilgrim, E.; von Dohlen, C.; Pitts, J. (2008). "Molecular phylogenetics of Vespoidea indicate paraphyly of the superfamily and novel relationships of its component families and subfamilies". Zoologica Scripta. 37 (5): 539–560. doi:10.1111/j.1463-6409.2008.00340.x. 
  2. ^ Johnson, B.R.; et al. (2013). "Phylogenomics Resolves Evolutionary Relationships among Ants, Bees, and Wasps". Current Biology. 23 (20): 2058–2062. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2013.08.050. PMID 24094856. 
  3. ^ "An illustrated key to the Saudi Arabian species of the genus Macroocula Panfilov, 1954, with the description of a new species and the previously unknown female of M. andreai Pagliano". Zookeys. Retrieved 3 April 2018. 

External links[edit]