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ICD-10 R06.8
ICD-9 786.09

Bradypnea (Greek from bradys, slow + pnoia, breath; British English spelling bradypnoea) refers to an abnormally slow breathing rate. The rate at which bradypnea is diagnosed depends upon the age of the patient.

Age ranges and bradypnea[edit]

  • Age 0–1 year < 30 breaths per minute
  • Age 1–3 years < 25 breaths per minute
  • Age 3–12 years < 20 breaths per minute
  • Age 12–50 years < 12 breaths per minute
  • Age 50 and up < 13 breaths per minute

Bradypnea Symptoms[edit]

  • Dizziness
  • Near-fainting or fainting
  • Fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Chest pains
  • Shortness of breath
  • Memory impairment or confusion
  • Tiring easily during any physical activity

Causes of Bradypnea[edit]

  • Degeneration of heart tissue because of aging
  • Damage to tissues in the heart from heart attack or heart disease
  • High blood pressure or hypertension
  • Congenital heart defect which is disorder present at birth
  • Heart tissue infection also known as myocarditis -Complication of heart surgery
  • Hypothyroidism or underactive thyroid gland
  • Imbalance of electrolytes which are mineral related substances needed for conducting electrical impulses
  • Obstructive sleep apnea which is the repeated disruption of breathing during sleep.
  • Inflammatory disease, such as lupus or rheumatic fever
  • Buildup of iron in the organs known as hemochromatosis
  • Medications, such as drugs for other heart rhythm disorders, psychosis as well as high blood pressure

Treatment For Bradypnea[edit]

If urgent treatment is needed, supplemental oxygen is given to the individual. Treatment can range from surgery to correcting dangerous intracranial pressure.

See also[edit]


  • Stegman, Julie K. (2006). Stedman, Thomas Lathrop, ed. Stedman's Medical Dictionary (28th ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. p. 250. ISBN 0781733901.