Braehead (Fredericksburg, Virginia)

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Braehead
Braehead 123 Lee Drive.JPG
Braehead (Fredericksburg, Virginia) is located in Northern Virginia
Braehead (Fredericksburg, Virginia)
Braehead (Fredericksburg, Virginia) is located in Virginia
Braehead (Fredericksburg, Virginia)
Braehead (Fredericksburg, Virginia) is located in the United States
Braehead (Fredericksburg, Virginia)
Location123 Lee Dr., Fredericksburg, Virginia
Coordinates38°16′51″N 77°28′23″W / 38.28083°N 77.47306°W / 38.28083; -77.47306Coordinates: 38°16′51″N 77°28′23″W / 38.28083°N 77.47306°W / 38.28083; -77.47306
Area18.9 acres (7.6 ha)
Built1858
Built byGeorge Mullen
Architectural styleGreek Revival
NRHP reference #00000484[1]
VLR #111-0306
Significant dates
Added to NRHPMay 11, 2000
Designated VLRMarch 15, 2000[2]

Braehead is a historic house located in Fredericksburg, Virginia. The 6,000 square foot house was built in 1858-1859 by George Mullen for John Howison, born in Fredericksburg, Virginia, in 1809. John Howison's sister was the now-famous Civil War diarist, Jane Briggs (née Howison) Beale.

John Howison's father, Samuel Howison, was born in Prince William, Virginia, in 1779. He and his wife, Helen Rose Moore, purchased the house at 1300 Charles Street, Fredericksburg, in 1828. Samuel Howison's father, Stephen Howison, was born in 1735/36 in St. Mary's, Maryland. Stephen Howison's father, John Howison, was born in Braehead, Scotland, in 1682.[3]

In 1843, Howison married Anne Richards Lee, a distant cousin of Robert E. Lee through the Hancock Lees, also known as “the Ditchley Lees.” Named in memory of the Lee home where she grew up, the house now known as "Braehead" was a house and farm originally known as "Greenview." When he took breakfast at Greenview (Braehead) before the first Battle of Fredericksburg, General Lee was spending time with distant relations, although Anne Lee Howison had died earlier in the year.[4]

John Howison's oldest sons both perished in the Civil War.[5] After the war, John Howison could no longer afford to keep Greenview, including the farm and dairy, and he sold it to his younger brother, Robert Reid Howison, a sometime lawyer and, later, a Presbyterian minister, who wrote and published a major history of Virginia in 1846, and renamed the house "Braehead." It was a descendant of Robert Reid Howison who owned the house when it was sold in 2006.

The house was added to the National Register of Historic Places in May 2000. It is noted for its distinctive characteristics of design and construction and for its historical significance.[6][7]

Braehead is a two-story brick building that is nine bays wide. The main part of the house is square with a two-story kitchen connected by a hyphen. The house has a double-pile (two rooms between the front and rear walls), sidepassage plan with hipped roofed entrance porticos on the east and west façades.[7]

Also on the property are two sites contributing to its historical significance: the ruins of a worked stone icehouse and the chimney base of an antebellum house. The house is within the Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park.[7]

During the Battle of Fredericksburg, General Robert E. Lee's headquarters were located near the home. On the morning of December 13, 1862 Lee had breakfast at Braehead.[8][9][10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  2. ^ "Virginia Landmarks Register". Virginia Department of Historic Resources. Archived from the original on 2013-09-21. Retrieved 19 March 2013.
  3. ^ Virginia Howison Genealogy, Ancestry.com
  4. ^ Lee of Virginia, 1642 to 1892. Edited by Edmund Jennings Lee. Reprint. Heritage Books, 2009.
  5. ^ Jane Howison Beale, A Woman in a War-Torn Town: The Journal of Jane Howison Beale, Fredericksburg, Virginia, 1850-1862. The Donning Company, 2011.
  6. ^ "Braehead". Old-House Journal. Active Interest Media, Inc. 34 (6): 113. Nov–Dec 2006. ISSN 0094-0178. Retrieved 6 June 2012.
  7. ^ a b c "National Register of Historic Places Registration Form: Braehead" (PDF). Virginia Department of Historic Resources. Retrieved June 6, 2012.
  8. ^ "Central Virginia Battlefields Trust Signs Contract to Purchase Historic Braehead". Central Virginia Battlefields Trust. Archived from the original on April 6, 2011. Retrieved 6 June 2012.
  9. ^ Krick, Robert K. "CVBT Offers a Spectacular Battlefield House For Sale". Central Virginia Battlefields Trust. Archived from the original on August 18, 2007. Retrieved 6 June 2012.
  10. ^ Schemmer, Clint (3 May 2011). "Battlefields trust celebrates 15 years". The Free Lance-Star; Fredericksburg, Virginia. Archived from the original on 23 January 2013. Retrieved 6 June 2012.