Braggs, Oklahoma

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Braggs, Oklahoma
Town
Location of Braggs, Oklahoma
Location of Braggs, Oklahoma
Coordinates: 35°39′46″N 95°11′54″W / 35.66278°N 95.19833°W / 35.66278; -95.19833Coordinates: 35°39′46″N 95°11′54″W / 35.66278°N 95.19833°W / 35.66278; -95.19833
Country United States
State Oklahoma
County Muskogee
Area
 • Total 0.3 sq mi (0.8 km2)
 • Land 0.3 sq mi (0.8 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 558 ft (170 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 269
 • Density 896.7/sq mi (336.3/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 74423
Area code(s) 539/918
FIPS code 40-08400[1]
GNIS feature ID 1090449[2]

Braggs is a town in Muskogee County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 259 at the 2010 census, a 14.0 percent decline from 301 at the 2000 census.[3] The town is best known as the site of Camp Gruber, a World War II military cantonment that was the home base of the 42nd Infantry Division (Rainbow Division) and the 88th Infantry Division (Blue Devil Division).[4]

History[edit]

This town was named Patrick, Indian Territory, on May 2, 1886, for John J. Patrick, its first postmaster. On September 10, 1888, it was renamed for a prominent landowner, Solomon Bragg. Braggs remained a small farming town through the first part of the 20th century. During its early years, the community was regularly visited by outlaws such as the Cook Gang, Cherokee Bill and Henry Starr.


In 1942, the U. S. Army created a military cantonment named Camp Gruber, just outside town.[a] The camp cost about $30 million and brought a surge of prosperity to Braggs. The camp covered 60,000 acres (240 km2) and trained thousands of new soldiers during World War II. Part of the camp was used to house captured German military men, until they were repatriated after the war. The camp was deactivated in 1947, ending the prosperity for Braggs [4]

Camp Gruber reopened in 1977 as a training facility for reserve and active duty units. It became the home for the National Guard Air Assault School in 1987.[4]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, Braggs has a total area of 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2), all of it land. Braggs is surrounded on its northeast half by Camp Gruber,[5] an Oklahoma Army National Guard (OKARNG) training facility. Braggs is 10 miles (16 km) south of Fort Gibson.[4]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 259
1920 430 66.0%
1930 400 −7.0%
1940 392 −2.0%
1950 374 −4.6%
1960 279 −25.4%
1970 325 16.5%
1980 351 8.0%
1990 308 −12.3%
2000 301 −2.3%
2010 259 −14.0%
Est. 2015 254 [6] −1.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 301 people, 123 households, and 86 families residing in the town. The population density was 923.8 people per square mile (352.2/km²). There were 137 housing units at an average density of 420.4 per square mile (160.3/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 75.42% White, 1.66% African American, 14.95% Native American, 0.33% Pacific Islander, 0.33% from other races, and 7.31% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.33% of the population.

There were 123 households out of which 32.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.5% were married couples living together, 104.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.3% were non-families. 26.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the town, the population was spread out with 27.6% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 27.2% from 25 to 44, 23.6% from 45 to 164. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.2 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $21,750, and the median income for a family was $22,500. Males had a median income of $20,938 versus $20,938 for females. The per capita income for the town was $11,396. About 23.5% of families and 31.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 50.0% of those under the age of eighteen and 8.9% of those sixty five or over.

Notable people[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Brig. General Edward Gruber, for whom the camp was named, was noted for writing the song "When the Caissons Go Rolling Along."[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ CensusViewer:Braggs, Oklahoma Population. Retrieved October 10, 2013
  4. ^ a b c d e B. J. Brooks, "Braggs," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. Accessed May 2, 2015
  5. ^ Map of Camp Gruber Retrieved June 9, 2014
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 

External links[edit]