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A scaled down model of Brahmos-II at Aero India 2013.jpg
A scaled down model of Brahmos-II at Aero India 2013
Type Hypersonic cruise missile
Place of origin India
Production history
Manufacturer DRDO
NPO Mashinostroyenia

Engine Scramjet
600 km (370 mi)
Speed Mach 7 (8,575 km/h; 5,328 mph; 2.3820 km/s)
Ship, submarine, aircraft and land-based mobile launchers.

BrahMos-II or BrahMos-2 or BrahMos Mark II (note: not to be confused with BrahMos block-2) is a hypersonic cruise missile currently under joint development by Russia's NPO Mashinostroeyenia and India's Defence Research and Development Organisation, which have together formed BrahMos Aerospace Private Limited. It is the second of the BrahMos series of cruise missiles. The BrahMos-II is expected to have a range of 600 kilometres (370 mi; 320 nmi) and a speed of Mach 7. During the cruise stage of flight the missile will be propelled by a scramjet airbreathing jet engine.[1][2] Other details, including production cost and physical dimensions of the missile, are yet to be published.[3][4][5] It is expected to be ready for testing by 2020.[6]

The planned operational range of the BrahMos-II has been restricted to 290 kilometers as Russia is a signatory to the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR), which prohibits it from helping other countries develop missiles with ranges above 300 kilometres (190 mi; 160 nmi). However, now that India is also a MTCR signatory, it is trying to extend the range of BrahMos.[5] Its top speed will be double that of the current BrahMos-I, and it has been described as the fastest cruise missile in the world.[7][8] Russia is developing a special and secret fuel formula to enable the BrahMos-II to exceed Mach 5.[9]

Design of multiple variants of the missile was completed by October 2011, with testing starting in 2012.[10] Fourth-generation multi-purpose Russian Naval destroyers (Project 21956) are also likely to be equipped with the BrahMos II.[11]

BrahMos Aerospace named the missile BrahMos-II (K) in honour of the former President of India, APJ Abdul Kalam.[12]

The BrahMos-II is suspected to be the export variant of the 3M22 Tsirkon, a hypersonic anti-ship missile being developed by Russia for its Kirov-class battlecruisers, just as the original BrahMos was in relation to the P-800 Oniks it was developed from.[13]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Hypersonic BrahMos version missile to be ready by 2017". 28 June 2012. 
  2. ^ "Hypersonic version of Brahmos missile on the way with Mach 7". The Economic Times. 9 October 2011. Retrieved 10 October 2011. 
  3. ^ "Brahmos to Launch Submarine Version of the Missile, Hike Up Speed to Mach 7 for Hypersonic Version". Retrieved 14 Aug 2012. 
  4. ^ "India, Russia work on hypersonic stealth cruise missile". 9 October 2011. Retrieved 24 March 2013. 
  5. ^ a b "India, Russia to develop new hypersonic cruise missile ::". Official Website of Brahmos. Retrieved 23 February 2012. 
  6. ^ "Russia, India to test-fly hypersonic missiles by 2017: BrahMos chief". The Hindu. 28 June 2012. Retrieved 28 June 2012. 
  7. ^ "BrahMos 2 Hypersonic Missile to be ready in five years". The Economic Times. 10 January 2012. Retrieved 23 February 2012. 
  8. ^ "Russian-Indian JV to develop Brahmos-2 hypersonic missile". RIA NOVOSTI. 12 June 2011. Retrieved 23 February 2012. 
  9. ^ Top Secret Fuel Formula to Accelerate Russia's Hypersonic Missiles -, 20 February 2015
  10. ^ "BrahMos to develop first hypersonic cruise missile in 5 years". Retrieved 2010-08-31. 
  11. ^ Sandeep Unnithan (18 March 2009). "Govt okays construction of 4 more stealth destroyers". Retrieved 2012-02-23. 
  12. ^ Singh, Rahul (8 August 2015). "India's tribute to Missile Man: New BrahMos gets Kalam name". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 7 August 2015. 
  13. ^ 3M22 Zircon Hypersonic Missile in Development Testing for Russian Navy Kirov-class Cruiser -, 19 February 2016

External links[edit]