The Brahan Seer, known in his native Scottish Gaelic as Coinneach Odhar, and Kenneth Mackenzie, was, according to legend, a predictor of the future who lived in the 17th century.
The Brahan Seer is regarded by some to be the creation of the folklorist Alexander MacKenzie (1838-1898) whose accounts occur well after some of the events the Seer is claimed to have predicted. Others have also questioned whether the Seer existed at all.
Mackenzie is thought to have come from Uig (Lewis) on lands owned by the Seaforths, and to have been of the Clan Mackenzie, although both these details are in themselves questioned. He is better known, however, for his connections to Brahan Castle near Dingwall, and the Black Isle in Easter Ross.
As with Nostradamus, who wrote in Provençal, most of his prophecies are best known in translation, which can in itself be deceptive. However, there are no contemporary manuscripts or accounts of his predictions, so it is impossible to verify them.
Having become famous as a diviner and wit, he was invited to Seaforth territory in the east, to work as a labourer at Brahan Castle near Dingwall, in what is now the county of Easter Ross, where he met his downfall.
This move led to an unfortunately unforeseen sequence of events on the Seer's part, leading to his barbaric murder at Chanonry Point, when he was allegedly burnt in a spiked tar barrel, on the command of the Earl's wife, Lady Seaforth. The simple prediction that led to his downfall – that the absent Earl of Seaforth was having sexual adventures with one or more women in Paris – seems likely, but of course was highly outrageous to Lady Seaforth, as it cast her husband in a scandalous light and heaped embarrassment on her.
There is no historical evidence that a prophet known as "Kenneth Mackenzie" existed. For example, it is alleged that Mackenzie was born on the Isle of Lewis during the early 1600s but no historical documentation or records demonstrate this.
Historian William Matheson has argued that Alexander Mackenzie's statements about Coinneach Odhar living in the 17th century were inaccurate. There are two records for a Coinneach Odhar, a sixteenth century man who was accused of witchcraft. For example, there is a Scottish Parliament record, dated 1577, for a writ of his arrest. Such details contradict the statements of Mackenzie and those passed down through folklore.
- Macleod, John. (2011). None Dare Oppose Birlinn, Edinburgh. pp. 35-36. ISBN 978-1841589091
- Thompson, Francis. (1976). The Supernatural Highlands. R. Hale. p. 72. "There is, however, in an otherwise well-documented century, no direct evidence that Coinneach Odhar ever existed."
- Wilson, Damon. (1999). The Mammoth Book of Nostradamus and Other Prophets. Carroll & Graf. p. 211. ISBN 978-0786706280 "In her conclusion to the 1977 edition of Mackenzie's Brahan Seer, the historian Elizabeth Sutherland hypothesizes that Coinneach Odhar might never have existed as an actual individual. Instead, she suggests, he might be a conglomeration of hundreds of years of taibhsear folklore."
- The Legend of the Brahan Seer
- Sir Bernard Burke, Vicissitudes of Families, 'The Fate of Seaforth', (1883) Volume I, P169
- Seafield, Lily. (2006). Ghostly Scotland. Barnes & Noble. p. 358
- Matheson, William. (1969-1970). The Historical Coinneach Odhar and some Prophecies Attributed to Him. Transactions of the Gaelic Society of Inverness 46: 66-88.
- "Brahan Seer" Archived November 15, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.. Scottish Archive Network Knowledge Base.
- Hilda Roderick Ellis Davidson. (1989). The Seer in Celtic and Other Traditions. John Donald Publishers.
- John Keay, Julia Keay. (2000). Collins Encyclopaedia of Scotland. HarperCollins.
- Alexander Mackenzie. (1899). The Prophecies of the Brahan Seer. Inverness.
- Alex Sutherland. (2009). The Brahan Seer: The Making of a Legend. Verlag Peter Lang. (thesis version online)
- Elizabeth Sutherland. (1985). Ravens & Black Rain: The Story of Highland Second Sight, Including a New Collection of the Prophecies of the Brahan Seer. Constable.
- Elizabeth Sutherland. (1996). The Seer of Kintail. Constable & Robinson.
- Memoirs of the life of Sir Humphry Davy, (1836) Volume II, P72, by John Davy
- Memoirs of the life of Sir Walter Scott, bart., (1837) Vol III, PP 232-3, by John Gibson Lockhart
- A summer in Skye (1865) Volume 2, PP 82-3, by Alexander Smith
- 'The Fate of Seaforth' in Vicissitudes of Families (1869) Vol I, P 169 by Sir Bernard Burke
- Paper read by Alexander Mackenzie before the Gaelic Society of Inverness, 18 March 1875 - Transactions of the Gaelic Society of Inverness, Volume III-IV, P196
- The Prophecies of the Brahan Seer - 1st edition - 1877
- The Prophecies of the Brahan Seer - 2nd edition - 1878
- The Prophecies of the Brahan Seer - 3rd edition - 1882
- The Prophecies of the Brahan Seer - 4th edition - 1888
- The Prophecies of the Brahan Seer, by Alexander Mackenzie (1899)
- The Brahan Seer: The Gaelic Nostradamus - BBC
- Norman Macrae, 'Highland second-sight, with prophecies of Coinneach Odhar and the Seer of Petty, and numerous other examples from the writings of Aubrey, Martin, Theophilus Insulanus, the Rev. John Fraser, dean of Argyle and the Isles, Rev. Dr. Kennedy of Dingwall, and others' (1908) Chapter XIV, P147, 'The Brahan Seer'