Goddess who did severe penance, goddess of devotion and penance
|Affiliation||Avatar of Durga|
|Mantra||दधाना करपद्माभ्यामक्षमालाकमण्डलू। देवी प्रसीदतु मयि ब्रह्मचारिण्यनुत्तमा॥2|
|Symbols||Jaap mala, kamandalu,lotus and rudraksha mala|
|Texts||Devi-Bhagavata Purana, Devi Gita|
Brahmacharini (Sanskrit: ब्रह्मचारिणी) means a devoted female student who lives in an Ashrama with her Guru along with other students. She is the second aspect of the Navadurga forms of Mahadevi and is worshipped on the second day of Navaratri (the nine divine nights of Navadurga). The goddess Brahmacharini wears white clothes, holds a japa mala in her right hand and Kamandala(a water pot) in her left.
The word brahmacharini stems from two Sanskrit roots:
- Brahma(ब्रह्म, shortened from Brahman), means "the one self-existent Spirit, the Absolute Reality, Universal Self, Personal God, the sacred knowledge".
- charini is the feminine version of one who is a charya(चर्य), which means "occupation with, engaging, proceeding, behaviour, conduct, to follow, moving in, going after".
The word brahmacharini in Vedic texts means a female who pursues the sacred religious knowledge.
According to different versions of her story, maiden Parvati resolves to marry Shiva. Her parents learn of her desire and try to discourage her, but she remains steadfast and performs a penance for about 5000 years. In the mean time, the gods approach Kamadeva, the Hindu god of love and lust, and ask him to generate desire in Shiva for Parvati. They are driven by an asura named Tarkasur who has attained the boon of being killed by Shiva's child only. Kama reaches Shiva and shoots an arrow of desire. Shiva opens his third eye in his forehead and burns Kama to ashes. Parvati does not lose her hope or her resolve to win over Shiva. She begins to live in mountains like Shiva, engage in the same activities as Shiva, one of asceticism, yogin and tapas - it is this aspect of Parvati that is deemed to be that of goddess Brahmacharini. Her ascetic pursuit draws the attention of Shiva and awakens his interest. He meets her in disguised form and tries to dissuade her by counting Shiva's weaknesses and personality problems. Parvati refuses to listen and insists in her resolve. During this time, the demon named Prakandasura attacks Parvati with his million asuras. Parvati is at the last stage to complete her tapas. Hence, she can't let her tapas to breach, but the demon persists. Seeing Parvati helpless, goddesses Lakshmi and Saraswati intervene. The two goddesses defend Parvati but are outnumbered by the demons. After many days of fight, the water in the Kamandalu kept beside falls and all the demons get washed away with the flood caused with the water. At last, Parvati opens her eyes, emitting fire and burn the demon to ashes. Everyone in the universe is impressed by the tapas performed by Devi Parvati, except Shiva. Shiva at last visits Paravati in disguise of Bhramachari. He then examines Parvati, by questioning her riddles. Parvati answer all the riddles correctly. At last,after praising Parvati for her brain and beauty,the Brahmachari puts a marriage proposal. After identifying Shiva, Parvati says yes to him. Shiva appears in his true form and finally accepts her and breaks her tapas. During the entire tapas Pravati was feeding herself with Belpatra and River water.  Her abode is in the Svadhishthana Chakra.  Brahmacharini signifies being unmarried and the colour white signifies purity. 
Mantra of Brahmacharini :
ॐ देवी ब्रह्मचारिण्यै नम:
Oṃ Devī Brahmacāriṇyai Namaḥ
Prarthana or Prayer:
देवी प्रसीदतु मयि ब्रह्मचारिण्यनुत्तमा॥
या देवी सर्वभूतेषु माँ ब्रह्मचारिणी रूपेण संस्थिता।
नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमो नमः॥
Dadhana kara Padmabhyam akshamala kamandalu।
Devi prasidathu mayi brahmacharinya-uttama॥
Ya Devi Sarvabhuteshu Maa Brahmacharini Rupena Samsthita।
Namastasyai Namastasyai Namastasyai Namo Namah॥
- Maa Brahmacharini Devi Durga Mandir is located at Panchganga Ghat, Ghasi Tola, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh 221001
- McDaniel, June (2004). Offering Flowers, Feeding Skulls : Popular Goddess Worship in West Bengal: Popular Goddess Worship in West Bengal. Oxford University Press. pp. 106–107. ISBN 978-0-19-534713-5.
- Manohar Laxman Varadpande (2005), History of Indian Theatre: Classical theatre, Abhinav, ISBN 978-8170174301, page 54
- brahma Monier Williams Sanskrit Dictionary, Cologne Digital Sanskrit Lexicon, Germany
- Not to be confused with Brahmā or Brahmin
- carya Monier Williams Sanskrit Dictionary, Cologne Digital Sanskrit Lexicon, Germany
- brahmacArin Monier Williams Sanskrit Dictionary, Cologne Digital Sanskrit Lexicon, Germany
- David Kinsley, Hindu Goddesses: Vision of the Divine Feminine in the Hindu Religious Traditions (ISBN 81-208-0379-5), p. 41-46
- James Lochtefeld (2005), "Parvati" in The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Vol. 2: N–Z, pp. 503-505, Rosen Publishing, ISBN 0-8239-2287-1
- "BrahmaCharini Devi".
- "Navratri Colours 2020: What are 9 Colours of Navratri, List of Nine Colours of Navratri and their significance". The Times of India. 16 October 2020.
- "Goddess Brahmacharini | Devi Brahmacharini | Maa Brahmacharini".
- "Navadurga: The Nine Forms of Goddess Durga". Retrieved 2015-10-14.