Brahmaloka

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Brahmaloka, as seen on the head of Vishnu's Vishvarupa form as the Cosmic Man

Brahmaloka (Sanskrit: ब्रह्मालोक, IAST: Brahmāloka) is the abode of Brahma, the creator god, a member of the Trimurti along with Vishnu and Shiva, along with his consort Saraswati.[1] It is also referred to as Brahmapura, and more commonly as Satyaloka (satya meaning truth, loka meaning world, hence meaning the world of truth [2] in the Puranas. Satyaloka, described to be 60,000,000 miles above the Prajapati loka, is considered to be of great soteriological significance, the sphere where its inhabitants never again know death, dwelling perpetually in the company of yogins, and drinking the excellent nectar of yoga.[3]

Location[edit]

Satyaloka is the supreme loka within the material universe. Satyaloka has lotuses scattered throughout and are enormous with excessive divine energy leaking out. Moreover, in the center of Brahmaloka is Brahmapura, a huge palace where Brahma resides. Above Satyaloka is considered the end of the material universe and the start of the Vaikuntha planets.[4]

Description[edit]

Brahmaloka is a realm composed entirely of Brahman, considered superior to the Svarga loka and is full of immortal energy, knowledge and bliss. It is also known as the planet of the Bhagavān.[5]

The Second Canto (Bhagavatam 2.5.39) also equates Brahmaloka with the spiritual world,

mūrdhabhiḥ satya-lokas tu brahma-lokaḥ sanātanaḥ - "Satyaloka, the topmost planetary system, is situated on the head of the form. The spiritual planet Brahmaloka, however, is eternal."

The above statement shows that Brahmaloka is an eternal Vaikuntha that is neither created nor located within the material realm, and is a home for the Supreme Soul.

Brahman-lokah esa atma-lokah "Brahmaloka is the planet of the Supreme Soul."

The Chāndogya Upaniṣad says in 8:1[6]

"Within the Brahmapura is an abode, a small lotus-flower within which is a small space (antarakasa). What is within that, should be searched out. That, assuredly, is what one should desire to understand."

Buddhism[edit]

In Buddhism, Brahmaloka refers to the highest celestial worlds, the abode of the Brahmas. It consists of twenty heavens, namely:

  • the nine ordinary Brahma-worlds,
  • the Vehapphala
  • the Asaññasatta
  • the five Suddhāvāsā,
  • the four Arūpa worlds,

All except the four Arūpa worlds are classed among the Rūpa worlds (the inhabitants of which are corporeal). The inhabitants of the Brahmaloka are free from sensual desires. Brahmaloka consists only of higher devas or higher celestial beings called Brahmas and rebirth in the Brahma world is the result of great virtue due to meditation. The Jataka tales also contain various instances of ascetics who practiced meditation, being rborn after death in Brahmaloka. Furthermore, it is believed that while the rest of the world will be destroyed at the end of a kappa, the Brahmaloka will survive and that the first beings to be born on Earth come from the ābhassara Brahma world. The Brahmās here are represented as visiting earth and taking an interest in the affairs of men. This is why Nārada descends from the Brahmaloka to dispel the heresies of King Angati in the Lord Brahma-Nārada tale in the Mahanipata Jataka.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mādhava (1986). Srimad Sankara digvijayam. Padmanaban. p. 86.
  2. ^ "'Verse 5.' Bramha Samhita - ISKCON Desire Tree". ISKCON Desire Tree. Retrieved 22 June 2022.
  3. ^ Soifer, Deborah A. Myths of Narasimha and Vamana, The: Two Avatars in Cosmological Perspective. SUNY Press. p. 53. ISBN 978-1-4384-2063-9.
  4. ^ "Satyaloka". Hindu Mythology Stories, Facts and Information. 2016-10-08. Retrieved 2020-01-10.
  5. ^ Sri Brahma Samhita: with the commentary Dig-darsani-tika of Sri Jiva Gosvami. The Bhaktivedanta Book Trust. ISBN 9789171497093.
  6. ^ "Holy Upanishads: Chhandogya Upanishad: Part 8".

Literature[edit]

  • Self-Realization Brahmaanubhava: The Advaitic Perspective of Shankara: Brahmaanubhava: The Advaitic Perspective of Shankara (Cultural Heritage and Contemporary Change. Series Iiib, South Asia, V. 4) von Vensus A. George von Council for Research in Values & (Januar 2001) - page 103
  • Sharma, Shubhra. Life In The Upanishads. Abhinav Publications; 1 edition (February 14, 2011)
  • chhandogya upanishad as PDF
  • Twitchell, Paul (1988) The Far Country. Illuminated Way Publishing. ISBN 0-914766-91-0
  • Twitchell, The Far Country as PDF

External links[edit]