Brahmanbaria

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Brahmanbaria

ব্রাহ্মণবাড়িয়া (Brahmanbaria)
District Capital
Brahmanbaria city.
Brahmanbaria city.
Nickname(s): 
B-Baria
Brahmanbaria is located in Bangladesh
Brahmanbaria
Brahmanbaria
Location in Brahmanbaria
Coordinates: 23°57′56″N 91°06′29″E / 23.965593°N 91.107997°E / 23.965593; 91.107997Coordinates: 23°57′56″N 91°06′29″E / 23.965593°N 91.107997°E / 23.965593; 91.107997
CountryBangladesh
DivisionChittagong Division
DistrictBrahmanbaria District
EstablishmentLate 1700 CE
Municipality1769
Administrative District1984
Government
 • TypePourashava
 • City MayorNayar Kabir
Area
 • District Capital77 km2 (29.8 sq mi)
 • Metro
237.34 km2 (91.6 [1] sq mi)
Elevation
15 [4] m (49.2 ft)
Population
 (2015)
 • District Capital268,279
 • Density3,500/km2 (9,000/sq mi)
 • Urban
5,21,994[3]
Demonym(s)B-barian
Time zoneUTC+6 (BST)
Postal code
3400[5]
National Calling Code+880
Local Calling Code+88-0851

Brahmanbaria[6] (Bengali: ব্রাহ্মণবাড়িয়া)[7] is a historical city of Bangladesh. It is the capital of Brahmanbaria Sadar Upazila and Brahmanbaria District and second largest city after Comilla in eastern Bangladesh.[8] Brahmanbaria is one of the oldest municipalities in Bangladesh, and was established in 1769. Brahmanbaria was declared a district headquarters in 1984. Its municipality area has a population of 168,636 according to the 2011 Census. It was a part of greater Comilla District until 1984.

History[edit]

Pakistani Eastern Command plan for the defence of East Pakistan from 1967 to 1971 (generic representation—some unit locations not shown.

During the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 for the liberation of Bangladesh, when Pakistan Army planners predicted India would launch its main attack in the east along the Akhuara–Brahmanbaria axis, it had no brigades available to cover this area, and Pakistan Army moved its 27th brigade from Mymensingh to Akhaura after retaining two battalions of 27th brigade at Mymensingh to form the 93rd Brigade to defend Mymensingh.[9] Pakistan Army's 93,000 troops unconditionally surrendered to the Indian Army and India's local ally Mukti Bahini on 16 December 1971.[10] This day and event is commemorated as the Bijoy Dibos (Bengali: বিজয় দিবস) in Bangladesh and Vijay Diwas in India.[11][12]

Administration[edit]

Brahmanbaria was given city status in 1984. The city boundaries contain Sadar Municipality, 12 Wards, 78 Mahallas, and 36 villages.[13]

Geography and climate[edit]

The Titas River, seen from Brahmanbaria

Brahmanbaria is located in the East-Central region of Bangladesh. Its nearby cities are Dhaka, Comilla, Narayanganj and Agartala. This city is in the bank of Titas River. Also there is Meghna River in the west of Brahmanbaria.[14][better source needed]

Brahmanbaria has a tropical wet and dry climate.

Climate data for Brahmanbaria
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 25
(77)
28
(82)
32
(90)
33
(91)
33
(91)
32
(90)
32
(90)
32
(90)
32
(90)
31
(88)
29
(84)
27
(81)
31
(87)
Daily mean °C (°F) 18
(64)
22
(72)
26
(79)
28
(82)
28
(82)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
28
(82)
27
(81)
22
(72)
22
(72)
25
(77)
Average low °C (°F) 10
(50)
14
(57)
19
(66)
22
(72)
23
(73)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
24
(75)
23
(73)
17
(63)
17
(63)
20
(69)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 14.4
(0.57)
39.8
(1.57)
72.8
(2.87)
168.2
(6.62)
315.4
(12.42)
344.9
(13.58)
367.9
(14.48)
247.5
(9.74)
197.6
(7.78)
148.5
(5.85)
30.4
(1.20)
8.9
(0.35)
1,956.3
(77.03)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 4 5 7 12 19 23 28 26 22 13 3 1 163
Source: Worldweatheronline[15]

Notable residents[edit]

Brahmanbaria also produced actresses like Zakia Bari Momo ,who won LUX Channel I Superstar. Alamgir is evergreen actor of Cinema of Bangladesh. He start working in mid '80s and he is still an actor.[16] Brahmanbaria has other people like Al Mahmud, Cricketer Mohammad Ashraful, Abdul Kadir and Syed Shamsul Haque who are a poets. Nawaab Syed Shamsul Huda was a leader of the Muslim League. Shakil Ahmed was the director general of Border guard Bangladesh, who had heavily secured the borders of Bangladesh.

See also[edit]

Destinations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://sadar.brahmanbaria.gov.bd/site/page/708fe764-2144-11e7-8f57-286ed488c766
  2. ^ "Area, Population and Literacy Rate by Paurashava −2001" (PDF). Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 March 2005. Retrieved 18 September 2009.
  3. ^ http://sadar.brahmanbaria.gov.bd/site/page/708fe764-2144-11e7-8f57-286ed488c766
  4. ^ http://www.floodmap.net/Elevation/CountryElevationMap/?ct=BD
  5. ^ www.geopostcodes.com,. "ZIP Code database of Bangladesh". Geopostcodes.com. Retrieved 11 June 2008.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
  6. ^ "Wikivoyage". Map Data OpenStreetMap. Retrieved 11 July 2011.
  7. ^ "Government Official Name". Local government in Bangladesh. Archived from the original on 12 June 2018. Retrieved 17 December 2014.
  8. ^ "NGA GeoNames Database". National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 14 July 2008.
  9. ^ Salik, Siddiq, Witness to Surrender, pp126
  10. ^ Team, Editorial (17 December 2017). "Why Do India Celebrate 'Vijay Diwas' On 16th December". SSBToSuccess. Retrieved 18 December 2017.
  11. ^ "About us". Liberation War Museum. Archived from the original on 8 November 2011. Retrieved 21 November 2011.
  12. ^ Team, Editorial (17 December 2017). "Why Do India Celebrate 'Vijay Diwas' On 16th December". SSBToSuccess. Retrieved 18 December 2017.
  13. ^ "National Web Portal of Bangladesh". Bangladesh National Web Portal. Archived from the original on 2 April 2014. Retrieved 17 December 2014.
  14. ^ Bangladesh Compendium of Environment Statistics. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, Statistics Division, Ministry of Planning, Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh. 2009.
  15. ^ "Brahmanbaria, Bangladesh Travel Weather Averages (Worldweather)". Worldweatheronline. Retrieved 3 October 2015.
  16. ^ http://www.online-dhaka.com/english/29_735_26229_0-alamgir-celebrity-online-dhaka.html

External links[edit]

  1. ^ Population and Housing Census 2011 - Volume 3: Urban Area Report (PDF), Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, August 2014