Location of Brahmanbaria in Bangladesh
|• Total||1,927.11 km2 (744.06 sq mi)|
|Population (2011 census)|
|• Density||1,500/km2 (4,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||BST (UTC+6)|
Brahmanbaria (Bengali: ব্রাহ্মণবাড়িয়া Bramhonbaŗia) is a district in east-central Bangladesh. It literally means the place where Brahmins reside. It is a part of the Chittagong Division. It was part of greater Comilla District until 1984.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Administration
- 4 Economy
- 5 Education
- 6 Government and Policies
- 7 Culture
- 8 Arts & Music
- 9 Transport
- 10 Places of interest
- 11 Top Cities
- 12 Notable Personalities
- 13 See also
- 14 References
- 15 External links
Brahmanbaria was made one of the 3 Sub-divisions of Comilla District by the British rulers in 1860. Brahmanbaria Municipality was established in 1868. It became part of East Pakistan in 1947 which eventually became independent Bangladesh in 1971.
During the Mughal era, Brahmanbaria was famous for producing quality cloth Muslin. During the 19th century, Brahmanbaria produced great nationalist leaders like Nawab Sir Syed Shamsul Huda KCIE, who became president of All India Muslim League in 1921, and Barrister Abdur Rasul a front ranking leader of Indian National Congress.
Mother Language Movements
Brahmanbaria was part of sector 2. Sector 2 was one of the first sector to gain independence for Pakistan. On December 6, 1971, Pakistani Army left Brahmanbaria and it was free state. Lots of freedom fighters were from this district. Mostafa kamal was leader of sector 2. He was killed by Pakistani Armies in Gangasagar, Akhaura. Mostafa Kamal obtained martyrdom in an encounter at Daruin of Akhaura during the War of Independence in 1971.
One of the most Distinguished and well known military official in the Bangladesh army, Major General Shakil Ahmed who was killed in the BDR carnage in 2009 was also from Brahmanbaria.
Brahmanbaria district is located at the east-central region of Bangladesh. It has a total area of 1927.11 km². Brahmanbaria is bounded by Kishoreganj District and Habiganj District on the north, Comilla District on the south, Habiganj District and Tripura State, India on the east and Meghna River, Kishoreganj District, Narsingdi District and Narayanganj District on the west.
The geography of the district is characterized by low-lying land with small hills and hillocks of red soil. The annual highest average temperature is 34.3 °C and lowest 12.7 °C. Total annual rainfall is 2551 mm. The main rivers of the district are the Meghna River, the Titas River, Buri and Haora.
Rivers: Meghna, Titas, Shalda, Hawra, Pagla, Putia, Sonai, Hawra, Ropa, Buri, Bizna, Balua, Bolak, Dholbanga etc.
Brahmanbaria district, which was included in Comilla district (formerly Tipera district) was established in 1984. Before 1830 the Sarail Pargana was a part of Mymensingh district. The district has 4 municipalities, 39 wards, 97 mahallas, 8 upazilas, 98 union parishads, 1081 mouzas and 1329 villages.
- Brahmanbaria Sadar Upazila
- Ashuganj Upazila
- Nasirnagar Upazila
- Nabinagar Upazila
- Sarail Upazila
- Kasba Upazila
- Akhaura Upazila
- Bancharampur Upazila
- Bijoynagar Upazila
The economy of Bramanaria District' is one of the largest in Bangladesh. Brahmanbaria provides Agricultural, Industrial and Service jobs. Bramanbaria has An equivalent GDP with countries like Guyana and Bhutan.
Brahmanbaria is rich for education. It is part of Comilla Board of Education. This district is having one of the highest literacy rate in the country. Brahmanbaria District has 41 colleges, 4 Universities, 3 Engineering Institutes and 4 Medical colleges.
|Brahmanbaria Medical College||Brahmanbaria City||Bengali Medium National Curriculum|
|United Care Institute of Medical Technology||Brahmanbaria City||Bengali Medium National Curriculum|
|Green Health Malek Jobeda Medical College||Kasba||Bengali Medium National Curriculum|
|Brahmanbaria Homoeopathic Medical College||Brahmanbaria City||Bengali Medium National Curriculum|
|Brahmanbaria Polytechnic Engineering Institute||Brahmanbaria City||Bengali Medium National Curriculum|
|Brahmanbaria Technical College||Brahmanbaria City||Bengali Medium National Curriculum|
|Ashuganj Industrial School and College||Ahuganj||Bengali Medium National Curriculum|
|Kazi Muhammand Shafikul Islam University||Bijaynagar||Bengali Medium National Curriculum|
|Brahmanbaria Govt. University College||Brahmanbaria City||Bengali Medium National Curriculum|
|Soor Samrat Alauddin Kha Musical University||Nabinagar||Bengali Medium National Curriculum|
|Ashuganj Firoj Mia University||Ashuganj||Bengali Medium National Curriculum|
Government and Policies
District policies and local laws comes from Brahmanbaria Zila Parishad in Brahmanbaria City.
Two major political groups are Bangladesh Awami League and Bangladesh Nationalist Party.
- National seat no 243 Brahmanbaria 1 (Current MP Mohammad Sayedul Haq,Minister of Fisheries)
- National seat no 244 Brahmanbaria 2 (Current MP Ziaul Haque Mridha)
- National seat no 245 Brahmanbaria 3 (Current MP R.A.M. Obaydul Muktadir Chowdhury)
- National seat no 246 Brahmanbaria 4 (Current MP, advocate Anisul Haq, Minister of Law)
- National seat no 247 Brahmanbaria 5 (Current MP, Fayzur Rahman)
- National seat no 248 Brahmanbaria 6 (Current MP A B Tajul Islam)
Brahmanbaria's Lady Cannie and Chhanamukhi
Brahmanbaria's sweets are popular since British Colonial Periods. During that time Brahmanbaria's sweet became popular because of Mahadev Paarwe. His brother Durga Prasad was a sweet businessman. For his business he brought Mahadev with him in Kolkata, India. Mahadev started making sweets for his brother's business. By few months Durga Prasad goes to overseas while Mahadev didn't know what to do. Later he went back to Brahmanbaria. Almost hundreds years ago there was sweet store in Medda, Brahmanbaria. Shibram Modd was owner of that. By many requests Mahadev got a job there. When he started Shibram Modd's sweet store became popular. Shibram became sick. At the end he gave that store to Mahadev. It was founded, Mahadev sent his sweets for India's Lord Caning as special gift. Lord Caning and his wife loved those sweets and praised of it. After that Brahmanbaria's sweet's name became Lady Caning which today known as Lady Canee. One of the sweet Mahadev invented was "Chhanamukhi". Once upon a time only Brahmanbaria could make that. In 1986 Bangladesh sent Lady Canning to Islamabad Bangladesh Diplomat. The president Ziaul Haque praised about those sweets. Those were published in many Pakistani news papers.
Brahmanbaria's Achil and Hashli Chikens
Achil and Hashli chickens are popular for their strength and size. Cockfights in Brahmanbaria is popular since Mughal era. Specially in Sarail, people creates fights between chickens for entertainment and business. The fight doesn't stop until a chicken is losing. Long time ago Monuwar Ali brought those chickens from Iran. Those chickens makes cry one another. Those chickens are much more angry who don't have feathers in their neck. They keeps fighting. Those chickens costs 25,000 Taka to 30,000 Taka.
Bengalis has cultural history for gathering together for business intentions which know as Mela. King Akbar of Brahmanbaria made a special day on 1st Boyshakh (from Bengali Calendar). On that day he called mela which will help him for taxation. People from far ahead used to came to mela either as seller or buyer. Slowly this tradition mixed with entire Bengali Culture. Later it wasn't for business anymore, it turned for entertainment. People of all religion comes to mela. In Akhaura, mela lasts for a month. Every year in Mazar Sharif Akhaura Pouro Authority creates a mela event. It usually occurs in the month of Chaita. There are mela on every 14th Boishakh in Bhadughar, Sarail. "Baruni Snan" is part of that mela which is part f Hindu religion. From ancient to now people celebrating in Bhadughar.
Shakhi Kori go mana, Kalo jole dheu diyo na go Shakhi kalo jole dheu diyo na go
This line was from British Indian era. During the month of Bhadro, from ancient time people having boat race on Titas River for "Mansa Puja". In this race Akhaura, Ashuganj, Chandura and Kuti's jute traders used to give golds to winner of boat race. In 1908, Several Akhaura's jute traders gifted gold as prize in a single boat race. It was popular that time.
Even after India Bangladesh partition, Brahmanbaria still holds a boat race on the heart of Titas.
Arts & Music
Brahmanbaria has a rich tradition of nurturing art, education and culture. Ustad Allauddin Khan, the great musical talent of the subcontinent and the father of Maihar Gharana of classical Indian music, was born in this district in 1862.
Ustad Ayet Ali Khan established the Alauddin Music College in 1957 Brahmanbaria and Shilpacharya Zainul Abedin established the Alauddin Sangitayan in 1975. Mohorshee Monomohan Dutta is also a remarkable name for his Molaya music. Sachin Dev Burman (better known as SD Burman), the renowned musician of the subcontinent, spent some time in Brahmanbaria. Umesh Chandra Roy was one of the greatest musicians of Alauddin Music institute.
The railway communication of the district is quite extensive in Bangladesh standard. There are four important stations of Bangladesh Railway in this district:
- Akhuara Junction,
Most of the important trains between Dhaka-Chittagong and Dhaka-Sylhet stop at Brahmanbaria rail station.
The district holds important portions of national highways. Dhaka-Sylhet and Chittagong-Sylhet national highways of the country pass through this district.
Majority of the cities of this district are connected through waterways. There are cheap rides everyday from Brahmanbaria City Boat Terminal. From Ashuganj City steamers travels to Dhaka. Rarely rides available for Chittagong.
Places of interest
The principal places of interest in the district are :
- Deity of Shiva at Kal Bhairab Temple at Medda (Early 19th century)
- Jame Mosque of Sarail (1662)
- Shrine of Kella Shahid at Kharampur (early 18th century)
- Tofael-Azam Memorial Tower at the City Centre (1958)
- Birshrestha Mostofa Kamal grave.
Largest cities or towns in Brahmanbaria District
Source: List of townships in Brahmanbaria District
|1||Brahmanbaria||Brahmanbaria Sadar Upazila||2,20,000||
Ashuganj City, Bangladesh
|3||Ashuganj City, Bangladesh||Ashuganj Upazila||1,70,000|
|4||Kasba City||Kasba Upazila||1,16,000|
|6||Gokarna, Bangladesh||Nasirnagar Upazila||89,000|
|8||Sarail Upazila||Sarail Upazila||71,000|
|9||Bancharampur Upazila||Bancharampur Upazila||68,000|
The list of locally published newspapers include:
- Daily Brahmanbaria (1992)
- Daily Pratibedan (1993)
- Daily Ajker Halchal (1997)
- Daily Titas Kantha (1999)
- Daily Samatat Barta (2000)
- Daily Dindarpan (2000)
- Titaser Sangbad
- Weekly Titas
- Weekly Deshdarpan (1981)
- Weekly Penbridg (1999)
- Fortnightly Charch (1997)
- Zakia Bari Momo, actress
- Sabrina Porshi, singer
- Alamgir, actor
- Allauddin Khan, musician
- Nawaab Syed Shamsul Huda, leader of British India
- Syed Shamsul Haque, poet
- Kirit Khan, musician
- Sri Anyandamoye Maa, Hindu saint
- Oli Ahad, language activist
- Al Mahmud, poet
- Syed Abdul Hadi, singer
- Niloy Alamgir, actor
- Abdul Kadir, poet
- Musa, Muhammad. Brahmanbariar Itibrittyo, Shetu Prokashoni, Brahmanbaria,1998.
- Shekh Muhammad Sayed Ullah Litu (2012). "Brahmanbaria District". In Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
- Ahmed, Monowar. Bhasha Andoloner Shochitro Dolil, Agamee Prokashani, pp. 110 ISBN 984-401-147-7
- The Listing of Martyr and Details of their Martyrdom Bir Sreshtho - The Highest Gallantry Award
- Parliament Members from Brahmanbaria. Bangladesh Government.
- Allauddin Khan, The music of India, by Reginald Massey. Abhinav Publications, 1996. ISBN 81-7017-332-9. Page 142-143.
- Poetry, by Hakim Arif, from Banglapedia
- Bangladeshi Novels by Subrata Kumar Das
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Brahmanbaria District.|
||Kishoreganj District||Habiganj District||(India)|
|Dhaka District||(Agartala, India)|