Brahmanbaria District

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Brahmanbaria

ব্রাহ্মণবাড়িয়া
Nickname(s): 
B-Baria
Location of Brahmanbaria District within Bangladesh
Location of Brahmanbaria District within Bangladesh
Expandable map of Brahmanbaria District
Coordinates: 23°59′N 91°07′E / 23.983°N 91.117°E / 23.983; 91.117Coordinates: 23°59′N 91°07′E / 23.983°N 91.117°E / 23.983; 91.117
Country Bangladesh
DivisionChittagong Division
CapitalBrahmanbaria
Area
 • Total1,927.11 km2 (744.06 sq mi)
Population
 (2011 census)[1]
 • Total2,840,498
 • Density1,500/km2 (3,800/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Bibarian
Time zoneUTC+06:00 (BST)
Postal code
3400
Websitewww.brahmanbaria.gov.bd

Brahmanbaria (Bengali: ব্রাহ্মণবাড়িয়া) is a district in east-central Bangladesh.

Administration and demographics[edit]

Brahmanbaria District, which was included in Comilla district (formerly Tipura district) was established in 1984. The district has 4 municipalities, 39 wards, 97 mahallas, 9 upazilas, 98 union parishads, 1081 mouzas and 1329 villages.

According to the 2011 Bangladesh census, Brahmanbaria District had 538,937 households and a population of 2,840,498.[1]

Subdivisions[edit]

Brahmanbaria district is divided into nine Subdivisions (previously known as Thanas or only one Towns) as below:

Parliament constituencies[edit]

There are six Jatiyo Shangshad constituencies in Brahmanbaria district. These constituencies and the current Members of Parliament are:[2]

Economy[edit]

Economy of Brahmanbaria
BD Brahmanbaria District locator map.svg
The Location of Brahmanbaria District on the Map of Bangladesh.
CurrencyBangladeshi Taka
৳76 BDT = US$1
Statistics
Population below poverty line
30%[3]
Labour force
1,800,000
Labour force by occupation
Agricultural, industrial, and service
Unemployment3.8%(2010)
Main industries
Gas, Agriculture, Electricity, Fishing
Ashuganj Port, on Meghna River will be largest port by 2030.

Brahmanbaria is one of the fastest growing districts in the country. The major industries of Brahmanbaria District have been: agriculture, fishing, power, and natural gas.

This city has the largest railway junction in the country which is Akhaura.[4]

Power and gas[edit]

Power plant

Brahmanbaria's Titas gas is important to Bangladesh. Currently the government is drilling new wells.[5]

In some other parts of Brahmanbaria, gas was found. It resulted in an abrupt fall in the price of gas.[6] Many parts of the country people are using gas in many illegal ways. Now the government is trying to solve that issue.[7]

Rail[edit]

Largest railway junction in Bangladesh.

There are about ten railway stations in the district. The country of India decided to use this district to connect power. The government shipped machines of the Palatana project from Kolkata to Agartala by using the Ashuganj river port on Meghna in Brahmanbaria district.[8] To connect with India, government of both Bangladesh and India is building 15 km railway from Akhaura to Agartala.[9]

Criticism[edit]

In 2015 the District of Brahmanbaria, like the rest of Bangladesh, faced problems of road blocks due to political agitation.[10] It became a terrible problem for regional connectivity as it brought a halt to the road and rail transportation. Investors became afraid to make new investments due to this reason. Luckily the situation did not last very long before being resolved. This region also faced with clashing between two groups. In 2015 a man was killed for facing problems between two groups.[11] Former Chief Justice of Bangladesh, Surendra Kumar Sinha had said while he was delivering his speech in Brahmanbaria that smuggling was hurting the national the economy.[12] Gold and dollar are going out of the country, he said.

Geography[edit]

Brahmanbaria District is mostly farmland. But within the district many cities can be found. The capital and largest city is Brahmanbaria. Akhaura and Ashuganj ranks also in top three. Prime minister of Bangladesh gave permission to use Ashuganj Port.[13] In addition, Akhaura Station will be connected to Agartala.[14]

History[edit]

Brahmanbaria city neighbourhood

Brahmanbaria (Sarail) was the birthplace of Isa Khan.

A pot of 200-year-old coins was found in District's Akhaura Upazila. There were nearly 500 coins at the Temple of Durga in Mogra Union. The coins contain the image of British Queen Elizabeth-I and were from 1804, 1814 and 1836. Police said the coins were handed over to archaeology department.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Population Census 2011: Brahmanbaria Table C-01" (PDF). Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 September 2015. Retrieved 11 July 2014.
  2. ^ "বাংলাদেশ (Bangladesh) জাতীয় তথ্য বাতায়ন - গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ সরকার - People's Republic of Bangladesh". bangladesh.gov.bd.
  3. ^ "Zila level povmap estimates, 2010" (PDF). Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ "AKA/Akhaura Junction Railway Station Map/Atlas – India Rail Info". India Rail Info.
  5. ^ "Titas Starts New Well Drilling – Energy Bangla". Energy Bangla.
  6. ^ "Regulator to look into unusual fall in prices of Titas Gas stocks". The Daily Star.
  7. ^ "Titas struggles to remove illegal gas connections". Dhaka Tribune.
  8. ^ "Bangladesh to ink pact with India for 100MW power from Tripura". The Times of India.
  9. ^ "India, Bangladesh business set to grow through ports, waterways". The Economic Times.
  10. ^ "CNG drivers block Brahmanbaria highways". Prothom Alo. 2 September 2015.
  11. ^ "Man killed in Brahmanbaria clash – Dhaka Tribune". dhakatribune.com.
  12. ^ "Smuggling hurting economy: SK Sinha". The Daily Star.
  13. ^ Press Trust of India (3 May 2014). "B'desh agrees to allow India use waterways to Ashuganj port". business-standard.com.
  14. ^ "Government approves Rs 1,000 crore for India-Bangladesh rail link". timesofindia-economictimes.
  15. ^ "200-year-old coins recovered". Dhaka Tribune.

External links[edit]