Berhampur

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Berhampur
Municipal Corporation
Brahmapur Railway Station
Berhampur is located in Odisha
Berhampur
Berhampur
Location in Odisha, India
Berhampur is located in India
Berhampur
Berhampur
Berhampur (India)
Coordinates: 19°19′N 84°47′E / 19.32°N 84.78°E / 19.32; 84.78Coordinates: 19°19′N 84°47′E / 19.32°N 84.78°E / 19.32; 84.78
Country  India
State Odisha
District Ganjam
Government
 • Type Municipal Corporation
 • Body Berhampur Municipal Corporation
 • Member of Parliament Shri Sidhant Mohapatra, (BJD)
 • Member of Legislative Assembly Dr. Ramesh Chandra Chyau Patnaik (BJD)
 • Mayor Smt. K. Madhavi (BJD)
 • Municipal Commissioner Shri Chakravarti Singh Rathore, IAS
 • SP of Berhampur Police District Shri Pinak Mishra, IPS
Area
 • Total 86.82 km2 (33.52 sq mi)
Elevation 26 m (85 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 355,823
 • Rank 126th
 • Density 4,100/km2 (11,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Berhampuria
Languages
 • Official Odia, English
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN 760001–760010
Telephone code 0680
Vehicle registration
  • OR-07 (Till 31-Aug-2012)
  • OD-07
Website www.berhampur.gov.in

Berhampur (bərɵmpu:r) also known as Brahmapur is a city on the eastern coastline of Ganjam district of the Indian state of Odisha in East India. It is famously known as 'Barampuram' in Andhra Pradesh.

Geography[edit]

The city is at 19° 20’ N Latitude 84° 50’ E Longitude. Its average elevation above mean sea level is 24m.

Demographics[edit]

Literacy rates in Brahmapur
Male
93.83%
Female
85.92%
Total
90.04%

As of 2011 Census of India (provisional), the population of Berhampur (Brahmapur) was 355,823 (the actual population is much higher than this), of which 185,584 were males and 170,239 are females making it the fourth most populous urban city in Odisha state[1] and 126th in India.

The effective literacy rate of Berhampur (Brahmapur) is 90.04%, higher than the national average of 74.04%. Male and female literacy rates are 93.83% and 85.92%, respectively. 8.2% of the population are children ages 0–6 years. The adult and child sex ratios are 917 and 898 females per 1000 males, respectively.[1]

Religion in Brahmapur[2]
Hinduism
96.48%
Islam
2.03%
Christianity
1.18%

Hindus form the overwhelming majority in Brahmapur (Brahmapur), with over 90% of the city's population belonging to the faith. Islam and Christianity are the second and third largest religions in Brahmapur.

Brahmapur has a large population of Telugu speaking residents. As of 2011, nearly 1.5 lakh people, i.e., about 40 percent of the population of 3.55 lakh people in Berhampur (Brahmapur) speak Telugu.[3][4][5]

Administration[edit]

The city is administered by the Berhampur Municipal Corporation (BMC). This organisation was a municipality from 1867 until 29 December 2008. The Revenue Divisional Commissioner (RDC) of Southern range is at Berhampur (Brahmapur) and covers the undivided Ganjam, Koraput, Kandhamal and Kalahandi districts.

Culture[edit]

Theatre[edit]

Theatre has been very prominent since the late 1930 and was the main source of entertainment until the advent of motion pictures. Ganjam Kala Parishad and Prakasam Hall are some of the oldest drama halls in India. The oldest theatre in the history of Odisha was the Sri Sitaram Vilas Talkies (SSVT, established in 1927), which was closed following severe damage by a super cyclone on 29 October 1999.[6]

Connectivity[edit]

Road[edit]

Brahmapur (Brahmapur)city is connected with National Highways NH-16 (ChennaiKolkata), NH-59 (Gopalpur–Naupada) and other cities and towns of Odisha.

Three-wheeler auto taxis are the most important mode of transportation in this city. Taxis also ply on the city's roads. The state government has constructed a new bus station at Haladiapadar, at the outskirts of the city. The Ganjam Urban Transport Services Limited (GUTSL) with joint partnership with Odisha State Road Transport Corporation (OSRTC) have an agreement to run a city-bus service for Berhampur to urban centres on its periphery (Chatrapur, Gopalpur and Hinjili, Taratarini, Bhairabi) on February 27, 2014.[7][8]

Education[edit]

Educational institutions[edit]

National institutions[edit]

Universities[edit]

Medical institutions[edit]

Engineering and technical institutions[edit]

Other institutions[edit]

Climate and regional setting[edit]

River Rushikulya is called the "Ganga" of Ganjam. It flows at about 30 kilometres (19 mi) from the city and discharges into the Bay of Bengal near Gopalpur port.

Maximum summer temperature is 40 °C; minimum winter temperature is 22 °C. The mean daily temperature varies from 33 °C to 38 °C. May is the hottest month; December is the coldest. The average annual rainfall is 1250 mm and the region receives monsoon and torrential rainfall from July to October.

Climate data for Berhampur, Odisha
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 27.4
(81.3)
29.1
(84.4)
30.9
(87.6)
31.7
(89.1)
32.8
(91)
32.5
(90.5)
30.8
(87.4)
31.0
(87.8)
31.5
(88.7)
31.0
(87.8)
29.2
(84.6)
27.5
(81.5)
30.5
(86.8)
Average low °C (°F) 16.7
(62.1)
19.3
(66.7)
22.4
(72.3)
25.1
(77.2)
26.8
(80.2)
26.8
(80.2)
25.9
(78.6)
25.9
(78.6)
25.7
(78.3)
23.7
(74.7)
19.3
(66.7)
16.5
(61.7)
22.8
(73.1)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 10
(0.39)
16
(0.63)
21
(0.83)
17
(0.67)
42
(1.65)
151
(5.94)
208
(8.19)
227
(8.94)
193
(7.6)
232
(9.13)
68
(2.68)
5
(0.2)
1,190
(46.85)
Source: en.climate-data.org

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. pp. 6, 7. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
  2. ^ census 2011
  3. ^ Sunil Patnaik (2013-08-07). "Faculty boost for Telugu education in Berhampur". The Telegraph. Berhampur. Retrieved 2018-01-29.
  4. ^ B. Prabhakar Sharma (2011-02-04). "Stage set for All-India Telugu meet". The Hindu. Berhampur. Retrieved 2018-01-29.
  5. ^ "AP to help teach Telugu in Orissa". Times of India. Berhampur. 2011-02-08. Retrieved 2018-01-29.
  6. ^ Patnaik, Sunil (2012). "The Telegraph – Calcutta (Kolkata) | Orissa | State's first cinema in ruins". telegraphindia.com. Calcutta, India. Retrieved 30 March 2012. State's first cinema in ruins – Sri Sitaram Vilas Talkies fails to rise after super-cyclone blow
  7. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/naveen-inaugurates-bus-service/article5732383.ece
  8. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-otherstates/city-bus-service-to-berhampur-urban-centres-soon/article5724831.ece