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Brahmaloka, as seen on the head of Vishnu's Vishvarupa form as the Cosmic Man

Brahmaloka (Sanskrit: ब्रह्मालोक, IAST: Brahmāloka), is the abode of Lord Brahma, the creator god and part of a Trimurti along with Vishnu and Shiva in Hinduism. Located on Mount Meru, It is also referred to as Brahmapura or Satyaloka or Satya bagecha (bagecha means garden)in the puranas. Brahmaloka is a garden of all kinds of flowers.
But this Satyaloka is not necessary the same divine cosmic plane as mentioned in the Nada Bindu Upanishad and in the Shiva Purana. The creator Ishvara, Sadashiva and the kashmiric Paramshiva are high above the trimurti-brahma.

It is stated that Brahmaloka is the highest of the joyful worlds a person might attain. However, Buddha adds that the Brahmaloka is impermanent. Brahmaloka is a big and beautiful garden made up of flower.[1] Vedanta considers all spheres of existence, including the highest one namely Brahmaloka, to be temporary and only the absolute reality of infinite Pure Consciousness-Bliss is immortal and permanent. [2]

Brahmapura is the topmost loka within this material universe.[citation needed]


Brahmaloka is a planet composed entirely of Brahman, considered superior to svarga and is full of eternity, knowledge and bliss, the planet of the Bhagavān.[3]

The Second Canto (Bhagavatam 2.5.39) also equates Brahmaloka with the spiritual world,

mūrdhabhiḥ satya-lokas tu brahma-lokaḥ sanātanaḥ

"Satyaloka, the topmost planetary system, is situated on the head of the form. The spiritual planet Brahmaloka, however, is eternal."

The statement shows Brahmaloka is an eternal Vaikuntha that is neither created nor within the material realm, and,

Brahman-lokah esa atma-lokah

"Brahmaloka is the planet of the Supreme Soul."

The Chāndogya Upaniṣad says in 8:1[4]

"within the Brahmapura is an abode, a small lotus-flower within which is a small space (antarakasa). What is within that, should be searched out. That, assuredly, is what one should desire to understand."

The Markandeya Purana states that at the center of Ila-vrta lies the golden Mount Meru, the king of mountains. On the summit of Mount Meru, is the vast city of Lord Brahma, known as Brahmapuri. Surrounding Brahmapuri are 8 cities, the one of Lord Indra and of seven other Devatas. The city of Brahmapuri is enclosed by a river, known as Akash Ganga. Akash Ganga is said to issue forth from the foot of Lord Vishnu and after washing the lunar region falls "through the skies" and after encircling the Brahmapuri "splits up into four mighty streams", which are said to flow in four opposite directions from the landscape of Mount Meru and irrigate the vast lands of Jambudvipa : Therefore is Brahmapuri only the highest place of the form worlds. Above it are still much higher worlds, which are also mentioned in buddhism, where the hierarchies of the lines of Vajrayana reside. ( In other words : The Shabda flows from the center of the sahasrara around the brahmapuri and then splits into 6 streams which fill the body. )

The Brahma Upanishad begins similar : 1. Om ! Shaunaka, householder of fame, once asked Bhagavan Pippalada of Angira’s family: In this body, the divine city of Brahman, installed, how do they create ? ...
The Para Brahman (Supreme Brahman) is, same as Aditya, Vishnu, Ishvara, Purusha, Prana, individual Self, and the "god-filled fire, inside the Brahman-city of human body" where the highest Brahman shines.


Brahmaloka, The highest of the celestial worlds, the abode of the Brahmas. It consists of twenty heavens:

  • the nine ordinary Brahma-worlds,
  • the five Suddhāvāsā,
  • the four Arūpa worlds (see loka),
  • the Asaññasatta and
  • the Vehapphala (e.g., VibhA.521).

All except the four Arūpa worlds are classed among the Rūpa worlds (the inhabitants of which are corporeal). The inhabitants of the Brahma worlds are free from sensual desires. The Brahma world is the only world devoid of women. Rebirth in the Brahma world is the result of great virtue accompanied by meditation (Vsm.415). The Jātakas contain numerous accounts of ascetics who practised meditation, being born after death in the Brahma world (e.g., J.ii.43, 69, 90; v.98, etc.). When the rest of the world is destroyed at the end of a kappa, the Brahma world is saved (Vsm.415; KhpA.121) and the first beings to be born on earth come from the ābhassara Brahma world (Vsm.417). The Brahmās are represented as visiting the earth and taking an interest in the affairs of men. Thus, Nārada descends from the Brahma-world to dispel the heresies of King Angati ([5]

Buddhism knows also 6 Devalokas(Catummaharajika, Tuvatimsa, Yama, Tusita, Nimmanarati, Paranimmitavasavatti). The first 2 are on the Meru whereas the other four are above the Meru[6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ K. Wagle, Narendra (1995). Society at the Time of the Buddha. Popular Prakashan. p. 97.
  2. ^
  3. ^ Sri Brahma Samhita: with the commentary Dig-darsani-tika of Sri Jiva Gosvami. The Bhaktivedanta Book Trust.
  4. ^
  5. ^ Palikanon about brahmaloka
  6. ^ A Dictionary of the Pali Language, Robert Cæsar Childers, pg. 115


  • Self-Realization Brahmaanubhava: The Advaitic Perspective of Shankara: Brahmaanubhava : The Advaitic Perspective of Shankara (Cultural Heritage and Contemporary Change. Series Iiib, South Asia, V. 4) von Vensus A. George von Council for Research in Values & (Januar 2001) - page 103
  • Sharma, Shubhra. Life In The Upanishads. Abhinav Publications; 1 edition (February 14, 2011)
  • chhandogya upanishad as PDF
  • Twitchell, Paul (1988) The Far Country. Illuminated Way Publishing. ISBN 0-914766-91-0
  • Twitchell, The Far Country as PDF

External links[edit]