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Cradle Song is the common name for a number of children's lullabies with similar lyrics, the original of which was Johannes Brahms' "Wiegenlied: Guten Abend, gute Nacht" ("Good evening, good night"), Op. 49, No. 4, published in 1868 and widely known as Brahms' Lullaby. The lyrics of the first verse are from a collection of German folk poems called Des Knaben Wunderhorn and the second stanza was written by Georg Scherer (1824–1909) in 1849. The lullaby's melody is one of the most famous and recognizable in the world, used by countless parents to sing their babies to sleep. The Lullaby was dedicated to Brahms' friend, Bertha Faber, on the occasion of the birth of her second son. Brahms had been in love with her in her youth and constructed the melody of the Wiegenlied to suggest, as a hidden counter-melody, a song she used to sing to him. The lullaby was first performed in public on 22 December 1869 in Vienna by Louise Dustmann (singer) and Clara Schumann (piano).
|Original German||Literal English translation||Traditional English version|
Guten Abend, gute Nacht,
Good evening, good night,
Lullaby and goodnight,
Arrangements and other uses
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Brahms himself used variations on the melody for much of the first movement of his Symphony No. 2 in D major, Op. 73. In 1922, Australian pianist and composer Percy Grainger arranged the Wiegenlied as one of his "Free Settings of Favorite Melodies" for solo piano. This study was characterized by much use of suspensions and arpeggiation, with the first statement of the melody placed in the tenor range of the keyboard. This last practice was a favorite one of Grainger.
Brahms' Lullaby is also commonly sung to the Hebrew words of Jacob's blessing to his grandchildren, Ephraim and Menashe, in Genesis 48:16. This blessing is incorporated into the "Bedtime Shema" and has thus become a popular Jewish Lullaby (Hamalach hagoel oti...).
Wendy Cope's poem "Brahms Cradle Song" refers to this song.
- 1941 Bing Crosby – recorded May 23, 1941, with John Scott Trotter and his Orchestra. This reached No. 20 in the Billboard charts. Crosby recorded the song again on June 16, 1954, for his album Bing: A Musical Autobiography.
- 1944 Frank Sinatra – recorded December 3, 1944, with Axel Stordahl and his Orchestra
- 1953 Rosemary Clooney – recorded February 3, 1953, with The Percy Faith Orchestra, as "Close Your Eyes"
- 1958 Joni James – recorded for her album Among My Souvenirs.
- 1959 Dean Martin – included in his album Sleep Warm
- 2013 Hayley Westenra – included in her album Hushabye
- 1937 Lost Horizon – sung a cappella by children at Shangri-La
- 1945 Anchors Aweigh – sung by Frank Sinatra
- Swafford, Jan (1999). Johannes Brahms: A Biography. Random House of Canada. p. 338. ISBN 978-0-679-74582-2.
- "Brahms' Lullaby"
- McCorkle, Margit L. (1984). Johannes Brahms. Thematisch-bibliographisches Werkverzeichnis. Munich: Henle. p. 197. ISBN 3-87328-041-8.
- Opus 49, Fünf Lieder für eine Singstimme und Klavier
- "Brahms's Lullaby" ("Lullaby and Goodnight"), babycenter.com
- "Gewürznelken", Merck's Warenlexikon (1884) (in German)
"Näglein, das", Duden Online (in German)
- Ould, 5.
- "Hamal'ach Hagoel" ("Wiegenlied")
- "Hamalach Hagoel"
- Guten Abend, gute Nacht on IMDb
- "A Bing Crosby Discography". BING magazine. International Club Crosby. Retrieved June 22, 2017.
- Whitburn, Joel (1986). Joel Whitburn's Pop Memories 1890–1954. Wisconsin, USA: Record Research Inc. p. 108. ISBN 0-89820-083-0.
- "Frank Sinatra Discography". jazzdiscography.com. Retrieved June 21, 2017.
- Crossland, Ken (2013). Late Life Jazz – The Life and Career of Rosemary Clooney. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 193. ISBN 978-0-19-979857-5.
- "Discogs.com". Discogs.com. Retrieved June 22, 2017.
- Ould, Barry Peter, Notes for Hyperion CDA67279, Percy Grainger: Rambles and Reflections – Piano Transcriptions, Piers Lane, piano.
- Sheet music for Brahms' Lullaby (Wiegenlied)
- J. Brahms: 5 Songs, Op. 49: Scores at the International Music Score Library Project (IMSLP)
- Brahms' Lullaby (Cradle Song, Wiegenlied) at the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences
- Another website with lyrics
- Text of the Wiegenlied at the LiederNet Archive
- Text of original verse as "Gute Nacht, mein Kind!" in Des Knaben Wunderhorn at Google Books.