David Greenhalgh Jessel (born 1945) is a former British TV and radio news presenter, author, and campaigner against miscarriages of justice. From 2000 to 2010 he was also a commissioner of the Criminal Cases Review Commission.
David Jessel was born in Abingdon and educated at the Dragon School, an independent school in Oxford, and at Eton College, to which he won a scholarship in 1959. He won an Exhibition to Merton College, Oxford, where he read Modern History. He was also secretary of the University's Dramatic Society, OUDS.
Career at the BBC
He joined the BBC in 1967 on a trainee placement at BBC Birmingham, rising to become a presenter of the regional news programmes on television and radio. Early in 1968, Jessel moved to London to join the national radio news programme The World at One as one of the so-called "golden generation" of young British journalists, which included Roger Cook and Jonathan Dimbleby. Jessel's big break came with his reporting of the 1968 Paris riots. These reports pioneered the technique of actuality recordings for radio news, with Jessel recording his reports from the centre of the action. This new approach contrasted strongly with the dispassionate, detached style of reporting that predominated at the time.
Jessel resigned from The World at One in 1972 to join BBC 1's nightly TV current affairs programme, 24 Hours. On this and its successor programmes, he reported on stories from around the world including successive United States presidential elections in the 1970s, exposing atrocities in Honduras and Nicaragua in the 1980s and natural disasters such as the Friuli earthquake in Italy. In 1973 he and his BBC film crew were able to film one of the first areas openly controlled by Vietnamese communist forces following the 1973 truce with the United States.
On rejoining the BBC, Jessel moved to documentary-making, with a particular emphasis on miscarriages of justice. From 1985 he led the team at Rough Justice, the BBC's long-running investigative TV series which re-examined the cases of a dozen people convicted of serious crimes, usually murder, and led to the eventual quashing of most of the convictions. Among his successful cases were the brothers Paul and Wayne Darvell, who typified the unglamorous and forgotten cases that Jessel and his team championed.
In 1990, the Rough Justice team decamped to Channel 4 and set up a production company, Just Television, dedicated exclusively to the investigation and publicising of miscarriages of justice. Jessel had been angered by the BBC's threats to drop the programme due to financial constraints and said: "I couldn't stand being cut back when programmes glorifying the police were expanding like a giant fungus." The chairman of Just Television's advisory board was Jessel's friend, hero and mentor Sir Ludovic Kennedy, the doyen of investigators into wrongful convictions. The new programme, Trial and Error, continued to expose wrongful convictions, including the cases of Peter Fell, Mary Druhan  Sheila Bowler and Danny McNamee - all of which led to the convictions being quashed by the Court of Appeal.
Criminal Cases Review Commission
From 2000 to 2010 Jessel was a commissioner of the Criminal Cases Review Commission, an independent public body set up to investigate possible miscarriages of justice in England, Wales and Northern Ireland.
The Commission assesses whether convictions or sentences should be referred to a court of appeal. Jessel had been a prominent supporter and advocate of such an independent public body for many years prior to its creation.
On his retirement as senior commissioner, The Times described Jessel as "a tireless champion of the wrongfully convicted".
Other broadcasting and public positions
In 1989, Jessel co-authored the international bestseller Brain Sex with scientist Anne Moir, the first scientific analysis of the differences between the male and female mind. In 1995 the same partnership produced A Mind to Crime, which looked at the biological influences on criminality. Jessel also wrote Trial and Error, a book to accompany the eponymous Channel 4 television series.
Awards and recognition
- Bar Council Special Award for Journalism (1994), only the second such award (after Sir Ludovic Kennedy)
- Three Royal Television Society awards
- Honorary Doctorate from the University of Central England (now Birmingham City University)
- Fryer, Jonathan (7 December 1996). "Obituary: Dame Penelope Jessel". The Independent (London). Retrieved 2010-11-03.
- "David Jessel Q&A". TV Newsroom. Retrieved 2010-11-03.
- "A sense of history in the Paris files". London: The Independent. 23 May 2000. Retrieved 2010-11-23.
- Donovan, Gill (21 March 2003). "20-year search for priest may be over". National Catholic Reporter (via School of the Americas Watch). Retrieved 2010-11-02.
- "BBC Vietnam war report". YouTube. Retrieved 2010-11-02.
- "1973: Commercial radio joins UK airwaves". BBC News. 8 October 1973.
- Jessel, David (15 December 2009). "Innocence or safety: Why the wrongly convicted are better served by safety". The Guardian (London).
- Banks-Smith, Nancy (9 April 1993). "Storyline, Trial And Error, Body And Soul". The Guardian (Manchester).
- "Peter Fell" (PDF). Trial and Error. 1994.
- "Mary Druhan". Trial and Error. 1994.
- Devlin, Angela; Devlin, Tim (1998). "Anybody's Nightmare: The Sheila Bowler Story". East Harling, Norfolk: Taverner. ISBN 978-1-901470-04-8.
- "Annual Report and Accounts 2009/10" (PDF). Criminal Cases Review Commission.
- Robins, Jon (26 August 2010). "After years of rough justice, a tireless champion steps down". The Times (London). p. 68.
- "World's Most Controversial Lawyer?". BBC HARDtalk. 25 March 2004.
- "About us: Code Compliance Panel". PhonePay+. 2010.