Braintree (UK Parliament constituency)

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Braintree
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Braintree in Essex
Outline map
Location of Essex within England
CountyEssex
Population97,840 (2011 census)[1]
Electorate72,064 (December 2010)[2]
Major settlementsBraintree, Halstead
Current constituency
Created1974 (1974)
Member of Parliamentvacant
Number of membersOne
Created fromMaldon
Overlaps
European Parliament constituencyEast of England

Braintree is a constituency[n 1] most-recently represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2015 by James Cleverly, the Chairman of the Conservative Party.[n 2]

History[edit]

The seat was created for the February 1974 general election, largely from the majority of the constituency of Maldon, including the towns of Braintree and Witham. It underwent a major redistribution for the 2010 general election when Witham was formed as a separate constituency. This resulted in making the seat safer for the Conservatives.

The former Leader of the House Tony Newton held the seat for the Conservatives from its creation in 1974 until 1997 when Alan Hurst defeated Newton to gain the seat for Labour. Brooks Newmark defeated Hurst in 2005 to regain the seat for the Conservatives, and held it until he stood down and was succeeded by James Cleverly, also a Conservative.[3]

Constituency profile[edit]

The constituency includes the town of Braintree at its southern end, and a large area of rural Essex to the north.

Boundaries and boundary changes[edit]

1974—1983: The Urban Districts of Braintree and Bocking, and Witham, the Rural District of Braintree, and the civil parishes of Boreham, Broomfield, Chignall, Good Easter, Great and Little Leighs, Great Waltham, Little Waltham, Mashbury, Pleshey, Roxwell, Springfield, and Writtle in the Rural District of Chelmsford.[4]

Formed largely from the existing constituency of Maldon.  The northern part of the Rural District of Chelmsford was transferred from the Constituency of Chelmsford and a small part of the Rural District of Braintree was previously in Saffron Walden.

1983—1997: The District of Braintree wards of Black Notley, Bocking North, Bocking South, Braintree Central, Braintree East, Braintree West, Coggeshall, Cressing, Hatfield Peverel, Kelvedon, Panfield, Rayne, Terling, Three Fields, Witham Central, Witham Chipping Hill, Witham North, Witham Silver End and Rivenhall, Witham South, and Witham West, and the Borough of Chelmsford wards of Broomfield and Chignall, Good Easter Mashbury and Roxwell, Great and Little Leighs and Little Waltham, Great Waltham and Pleshey, and Writtle.[5]

The Boreham and Springfield ward of Chelmsford Borough was transferred to the constituency of Chelmsford.

1997—2010: The District of Braintree wards of Black Notley, Bocking North, Bocking South, Braintree Central, Braintree East, Braintree West, Coggeshall, Cressing, Earls Colne, Gosfield, Hatfield Peveril, Kelvedon, Panfield, Rayne, Terling, Three Fields, Witham Central, Witham Chipping Hill, Witham North, Witham Silver End and Rivenhall, Witham South, and Witham West.[6]

The parts in the Borough of Chelmsford now included in the new County Constituency of West Chelmsford. Two small wards (Earls Colne and Gosfield) transferred from Saffron Walden.

2010—present: The District of Braintree wards of Bocking Blackwater, Bocking North, Bocking South, Braintree Central, Braintree East, Braintree South, Bumpstead, Cressing and Stisted, Gosfield and Greenstead Green, Great Notley and Braintree West, Halstead St Andrews, Halstead Trinity, Hedingham and Maplestead, Panfield, Rayne, Stour Valley North, Stour Valley South, The Three Colnes, Three Fields, Upper Colne, and Yeldham.[7]

The 2010 redistribution saw a major change, with southern and western areas, including the town of Witham, forming the basis of the new County Constituency of Witham.  Extended northwards, gaining the District of Braintree wards previously in Saffron Walden, including the town of Halstead.

Changes proposed by the Boundary Commission[edit]

The Boundary Commission for England submitted their final proposals in respect of the Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster Constituencies (the 2018 review) in September 2018 which would reduce the total number of MPs from 650 to 600. Although the proposals were immediately laid before Parliament they were not brought forward by the Government for approval. Accordingly, they will not come into effect for the 2019 election due to take place on 12 December 2019, which will be contested using the constituency boundaries in place since 2010.

The Commission has recommended that the constituency be extended southwards, gaining rural areas from the abolished constituency of Witham, whilst four rural wards in the west would be transferred to Saffron Walden.[8]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[9][10] Party Notes
Feb 1974 Tony Newton Conservative Leader of the House of Commons 1992—97. Defeated at 1997 general election
1997 Alan Hurst Labour Defeated at the 2005 general election
2005 Brooks Newmark Conservative Retired at the 2015 general election
2015 James Cleverly Conservative Chairman of the Conservative Party & Minister without portfolio (2019-present)

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

Candidates listed in alphabetical order of surname.

General election 2019: Braintree
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Independent Jo Beavis[11]
Conservative James Cleverly[12]
Labour Joshua Garfield [13][14]
Liberal Democrat Dominic Graham[15][16]
General election 2017: Braintree[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative James Cleverly 32,873 62.8 Increase 9.0
Labour Malcolm Fincken 14,451 27.6 Increase 9.1
Liberal Democrat Peter Turner 2,251 4.3 Decrease 0.6
UKIP Richard Bingley 1,835 3.5 Decrease 15.3
Green Thomas Pashby 916 1.8 Decrease 1.4
Majority 18,422 35.2 Increase 0.2
Turnout 52,326 69.5 Increase 1.1
Conservative hold Swing Decrease 0.1
General election 2015: Braintree[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative James Cleverly 27,071 53.8 Increase 1.2
UKIP Richard Bingley 9,461 18.8 Increase 13.8
Labour Malcolm Fincken 9,296 18.5 Decrease 1.4
Liberal Democrat Matthew Klesel 2,488 4.9 Decrease 13.8
Green Paul Jeater 1,564 3.1 Increase 1.7
Independent Toby Pereira 295 0.6 N/A
BNP Paul Hooks 108 0.2 Decrease 2.0
Majority 17,610 35.0 Increase 2.3
Turnout 50,283 68.4 Decrease 0.7
Conservative hold Swing Decrease 6.3
General election 2010: Braintree[19][20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Brooks Newmark 25,901 52.6 Increase 2.7
Labour Bill Edwards 9,780 19.9 Decrease 10.8
Liberal Democrat Steve Jarvis 9,247 18.8 Increase 5.2
UKIP Michael Ford 2,477 5.0 Increase 2.6
BNP Paul Hooks 1,080 2.2 N/A
Green Daisy Blench 718 1.5 Decrease 1.5
Majority 16,121 32.8 Increase 25.4
Turnout 49,203 69.1 Increase 4.9
Conservative hold Swing Increase 6.7

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General election 2005: Braintree[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Brooks Newmark 23,597 44.5 Increase 3.2
Labour Alan Hurst 19,704 37.1 Decrease 4.9
Liberal Democrat Peter Turner 7,037 13.3 Increase 2.0
Green James Abbott 1,308 2.5 Steady
UKIP Roger Lord 1,181 2.2 Increase 0.7
Independent Michael Nolan 228 0.4 Increase 0.4
Majority 3,893 7.3
Turnout 53,055 65.9 Increase 2.3
Conservative gain from Labour Swing Increase 4.0
General election 2001: Braintree[22][23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Alan Hurst 21,123 42.0 Decrease 0.7
Conservative Brooks Newmark 20,765 41.3 Increase 1.2
Liberal Democrat Peter Turner 5,664 11.3 Decrease 0.3
Green James Abbott 1,241 2.5 Increase 1.2
Legalise Cannabis Michael Nolan 774 1.5 N/A
UKIP Charles Cole 748 1.5 N/A
Majority 358 0.7 Decrease 1.9
Turnout 50,315 63.6 Decrease 12.5
Labour hold Swing Decrease 0.9

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General election 1997: Braintree[23][24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Alan Hurst 23,729 42.7 Increase 17.0
Conservative Tony Newton 22,278 40.1 Decrease 12.2
Liberal Democrat Trevor K. Ellis 6,418 11.6 Decrease 9.1
Referendum Nicholas P. Westcott 2,165 3.9 N/A
Green James Abbott 712 1.3 Steady
Independent Michael Nolan 274 0.5 N/A
Majority 1,451 2.6
Turnout 55,576 76.1
Labour gain from Conservative Swing Increase 12.9
General election 1992: Braintree[25][26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Tony Newton 34,415 52.3 Decrease 1.9
Labour Ian Willmore 16,921 25.7 Increase 6.4
Liberal Democrat Diana P. Wallis 13,603 20.7 Decrease 5.8
Green James Abbott 855 1.3 N/A
Majority 17,494 26.6 Decrease 1.1
Turnout 65,794 83.4 Increase 4.4
Conservative hold Swing Increase 4.1

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General election 1987: Braintree[27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Tony Newton 32,978 54.2 Increase 1.6
Social Democratic Inigo Bing 16,121 26.5 Decrease 2.1
Labour Brian Stapleton 11,764 19.3 Increase 0.5
Majority 16,857 27.7 Increase 3.7
Turnout 60,863 79.1 Increase 2.9
Conservative hold Swing Increase 1.9
General election 1983: Braintree[28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Tony Newton 29,462 52.6 Increase 0.6
Social Democratic Inigo Bing 16,021 28.6 N/A
Labour J.M. Dyson 10,551 18.8 Decrease 12.6
Majority 13,441 24.0 Increase 3.4
Turnout 56,034 76.2 Decrease 4.7
Conservative hold Swing Decrease 14.0

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General election 1979: Braintree
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Tony Newton 31,593 52.0 Increase 12.5
Labour J.E.B. Gyford 19,075 31.4 Decrease 6.0
Liberal J. Bryan 10,115 16.6 Decrease 6.4
Majority 12,518 20.6 Increase 18.5
Turnout 60,783 80.9 Increase 1.5
Conservative hold Swing Increase 9.3
General election October 1974: Braintree
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Tony Newton 20,559 39.5 Increase 1.6
Labour Keith Kyle 19,469 37.4 Increase 3.1
Liberal R. Holme 12,004 23.1 Decrease 4.7
Majority 1,090 2.1 Decrease 1.6
Turnout 52,032 79.4 Decrease 4.9
Conservative hold Swing Decrease 0.8
General election February 1974: Braintree
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Tony Newton 20,797 38.0 N/A
Labour Keith Kyle 18,796 34.3 N/A
Liberal D. Scott 15,204 27.8 N/A
Majority 2,001 3.7 N/A
Turnout 54,797 84.3 N/A
Conservative win (new seat)

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Braintree: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2 February 2015.
  2. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  3. ^ Will Lodge, "Election 2015: Conservatives extend lead in Braintree as James Cleverly takes over as MP", East Anglian Daily Times, 8 May 2015
  4. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1970". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-09-09.
  5. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-09-09.
  6. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-09-09.
  7. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-09-09.
  8. ^ 2018 Review, Associated consultation documents September 2018 (September 2018). "Final recommendations report". Boundary Commission for England. Archived from the original on 2019-02-15.
  9. ^ "Braintree 1974-". Hansard 1803-2005. UK Parliament. Retrieved 2 February 2015.
  10. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 5)
  11. ^ https://candidates.democracyclub.org.uk/elections/parl.braintree.2019-12-12/
  12. ^ https://candidates.democracyclub.org.uk/elections/parl.braintree.2019-12-12/
  13. ^ "Braintree Witham Labour Party Parliamentary Candidate". Braintree Witham Labour Party. Retrieved 28 October 2019.
  14. ^ https://candidates.democracyclub.org.uk/elections/parl.braintree.2019-12-12/
  15. ^ "Liberal Democrat Parliamentary Candidates". Mark Pack. Retrieved 26 October 2019.
  16. ^ https://candidates.democracyclub.org.uk/elections/parl.braintree.2019-12-12/
  17. ^ "Statement of Persons Nominated". Braintree District Council. Retrieved 14 May 2017.
  18. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  19. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  20. ^ "BBC NEWS – Election 2010 – Braintree". BBC News.
  21. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  22. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  23. ^ a b Political Science Resources - Braintree 1997 & 2001
  24. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  25. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  26. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
  27. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  28. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°54′N 0°33′E / 51.90°N 0.55°E / 51.90; 0.55