Braintree railway station (England)

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Braintree National Rail
Braintree station in 2013.JPG
Location
PlaceBraintree
Local authorityBraintree
Coordinates51°52′31″N 0°33′25″E / 51.87528°N 0.55694°E / 51.87528; 0.55694Coordinates: 51°52′31″N 0°33′25″E / 51.87528°N 0.55694°E / 51.87528; 0.55694
Grid referenceTL760227
Operations
Station codeBTR
Managed byAbellio Greater Anglia
Number of platforms1
DfT categoryC2
Live arrivals/departures, station information and onward connections
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage*
2013/14Decrease 0.806 million
2014/15Increase 0.808 million
2015/16Decrease 0.804 million
2016/17Decrease 0.788 million
2017/18Decrease 0.747 million
History
Original companyEastern Counties Railway
Pre-groupingGreat Eastern Railway
Post-groupingLondon and North Eastern Railway
2 October 1848 (1848-10-02)Opened as Braintree
22 February 1869Re-sited
19 October 1910Renamed Braintree & Bocking
After 1948Renamed Braintree
National RailUK railway stations
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Braintree from Office of Rail and Road statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.

Braintree railway station is the northern terminus of the Braintree Branch Line in the East of England, serving the town of Braintree, Essex. It is 44 miles 78 chains (72.38 km) down the line from London Liverpool Street via Witham; the preceding station on the route is Braintree Freeport to the south.

Its three-letter station code is BTR. The platform has an operational length for twelve-coach trains.The station is currently managed by Abellio Greater Anglia, which also operates all trains serving it.

History[edit]

Braintree railway station in 1962

There have been two stations at Braintree. The first, which was the northern terminus of the Maldon, Witham & Braintree Railway, opened on 2 October 1848.[1] That station was closed to passengers with the opening of the Bishop's Stortford, Dunmow & Braintree Railway on 22 February 1869,[2] when the old terminus was replaced by a through-station on the new line.[1] It continued as a goods depot until 1964.[citation needed] The new station was named Braintree & Bocking on 19 October 1910, but reverted to its original name of Braintree between 1948 and 1953.[1] The station once featured in many model railway sets as "Braintree & Bocking" was the printed station name in the Airfix railway accessories.[3][4] Passenger services on the route between Braintree and Bishop's Stortford ceased on 3 March 1952.[2]

Services[edit]

The typical off-peak service is of one train per hour to Witham, where Monday-Saturday services continue onto the Great Eastern Main Line for London Liverpool Street. On Sundays services terminate at Witham and passengers travelling on towards London must change for a connecting train.

Services are typically formed by Class 321 electric multiple units, but occasionally Class 360 units may be utilised.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Butt, R.V.J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations. Yeovil: Patrick Stephens Ltd. p. 42. ISBN 1-85260-508-1. R508.
  2. ^ a b Awdry, Christopher (1990). Encyclopaedia of British Railway Companies. London: Guild Publishing. p. 118. CN 8983.
  3. ^ Rail (671). 1 June 2011. Missing or empty |title= (help)[full citation needed]
  4. ^ Branch Lines Around Witham and Kelvedon Archived 10 August 2014 at the Wayback Machine

Further reading[edit]

  • Peter Paye (2010). Bishop's Stortford, Dunmow and Braintree Branch. Oakwood Press. ISBN 978-0-85361-708-2.

External links[edit]

Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
Braintree Freeport   Abellio Greater Anglia
Braintree Branch Line
  Terminus
Disused railways
Terminus   Bishop's Stortford-Braintree Branch Line   Rayne