Brajčino with Lake Prespa in the distance
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Brajčino (Macedonian: Брајчино, [ˈbrajtʃinɔ]) is a village in the Resen Municipality of the Republic of Macedonia, situated 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) from Lake Prespa, on Baba Mountain in Pelister National Park. The village is also located near the border with Greece. Brajčino's nature and old architecture draws both domestic and foreign tourists.
Brajčino has two known archaeological sites, both dating from the Middle Ages. One of the sites, called St Athanasius, was a church and contained a graveyard. The other, known as Kula, consists of remains of a fortress.
In 1873, the village, called Rajčino at the time, was recorded as having 34 households and 92 male residents. In the early 20th century, the village had 480 residents, all of whom were members of the Bulgarian Exarchate.
The village has 134 people as of the 2002 census, of which 133 are Macedonian and one is Serbian. Likewise, 133 residents declared the Macedonian language to be their mother tongue, while one declared Serbian.
Brajčino has suffered a steep population decline since peaking in 1991.
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In the latest census 67 residents, exactly one-half of the total population, declared their religion to be Orthodox Christianity, while the other half declared their religion to be 'other'.
Brajčino has five churches and one monastery. The churches include the Church of St Nicholas, built in 1872, the Church of St Elijah, built in 1919, the Church of the Holy Mother of God, St Archangel Church, and the Church of St Athanasius which was constructed near the archaeological remains of the Middle Aged church of the same name.
Brajčino is also home to a centuries' old monastery St. Petka which holds its annual celebration every 7 and 8 August. There are also five other churches inside the village: St. Bogorodica, which is located in a cave high up on a mountain; St. Ilja, the village's first school; St. Atanas, said to be built on the spot of an older monastery destroyed by the Turks; St. Arangel, located high in the mountains; and St. Nikola.
The village is also known for its architecture. Some examples of Brajčino architecture include the Bey's House and Petre Kostov's House.
People from Brajčino
- Meto Jovanovski, writer
- Lui Temelkovski, former Member of Canadian Parliament for the Ontario riding of Oak Ridges—Markham
- Koco, Dimče (1996). Археолошка карта на Република Македонија. Skopje: MANU. ISBN 9789989101069
- „Македония и Одринско. Статистика на населението от 1873 г.“ Македонски научен институт, София, 1995, стр.88-89.
- Brancoff, D.M. "La Macédoine et sa Population Chrétienne". Paris, 1905, pp. 170-171.
- Илюстрация Илинден, 1943, бр.142, стр.15
- Municipality of Resen
- Macedonian census, language and religion
- Censuses of population 1948 - 2002
- "Karta na Verski Objekti vo Republika Makedonija" (PDF) (in Macedonian). Skopje: Komisija za odnosi so verskite zaednici i religiozni grupi. Retrieved 27 April 2014.
- "Цркви". visitpelagonia.mk. Retrieved 27 February 2014.
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