Bram Peper

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Bram Peper
Bram Peper 1989 (1).jpg
Bram Peper in 1989
Minister of the Interior
and Kingdom Relations
In office
3 August 1998 – 13 March 2000
Prime MinisterWim Kok
Preceded byHans Dijkstal
(as Minister of the Interior)
Joris Voorhoeve
(as Minister for Netherlands
Antilles and Aruba Affairs)
Succeeded byRoger van Boxtel (Ad interim)
Mayor of Rotterdam
In office
16 March 1982 – 3 August 1998
Preceded byHans Mentink (Ad interim)
Succeeded byHans Simons (Ad interim)
Personal details
Abraham Peper

(1940-02-13) 13 February 1940 (age 78)
Haarlem, Netherlands
Political partyLabour Party
First wife
(m. 1968; div. 1974)

Second wife
(m. 1977; div. 1990)

Neelie Kroes
(m. 1991; div. 2003)
Children4 children
ResidenceRotterdam, Netherlands
Alma materUniversity of Amsterdam
(Bachelor of Social Science, Master of Social Science)
University of Oslo
(Bachelor of Economics, Master of Economics)
Erasmus University Rotterdam
(Doctor of Philosophy)
OccupationPolitician · Sociologist · Researcher · Academic administrator · Nonprofit director · Professor

Abraham "Bram" Peper (born 13 February 1940) is a retired Dutch politician of the Labour Party (PvdA).


Early life[edit]

After finishing the HBS, Peper studied social sciences at the University of Amsterdam until 1965 and economy and sociology at the University of Oslo (1963/1964) and got his PhD at the Nederlandse Economische Hogeschool (Currently Erasmus University Rotterdam) in 1972. Peper became researcher, and fulfilled several academic functions, including professor at the Erasmus University until he became Mayor of Rotterdam in 1982 at the age of 42. Rotterdam is the second largest city of the Netherlands, and Peper was one of the youngest mayors of a large city at the time.


In 1984 an interview with Peper and his wife with Ischa Meijer was published in Vrij Nederland, a Dutch magazine, in which Peper was critical towards citizens and rulers. The interview was perceived as arrogant, and seemed to be made while Peper was in a drunk condition. Peper made his apologies, and soon after he and his wife divorced.

While Peper was mayor, the city completed its process of rebuilding after World War II, which resulted in a new skyline for Rotterdam. In the second half of his mayorship, Peper had a tough time with for instance his defeat on the formation of a city province (90% of the voters in a referendum were against). Peper was mayor until 1998, when he joined the government as Minister of the Interior of the Netherlands in the second Kok cabinet.

Starting 1999, rumours were spreading that Peper had made incorrect declarations while he was mayor of Rotterdam. On 13 March 2000 Peper resigned as minister, according to himself to no longer bring problems to the public government, and to be better able to defend himself.[1] Although a report on 17 March suggested that Peper did not act properly regarding the declarations, Peper won the legal procedures finally two years later.

From 2002 until 2004 Peper was professor at the Nyenrode Business University, a private university, from which he resigned due to a disagreement regarding a study trip to the European Union in Brussels.


Ribbon bar Honour Country Date Comment
NLD Order of Orange-Nassau - Officer BAR.png Officer of the Order of Orange-Nassau Netherlands 30 April 2003


  1. ^ Interview in Vrij Nederland, 12 July 2003 (Dutch)

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Hans Mentink
Ad interim
Mayor of Rotterdam
Succeeded by
Hans Simons
Ad interim
Preceded by
Hans Dijkstal
as Minister of the Interior
Joris Voorhoeve
as Minister for Netherlands
Antilles and Aruba Affairs
Minister of the Interior
and Kingdom Relations

Succeeded by
Roger van Boxtel
Ad interim