|Minister of the Interior and Kingdom Relations|
3 August 1998 – 13 March 2000
|Prime Minister||Wim Kok|
|Preceded by||Hans Dijkstal|
|Succeeded by||Roger van Boxtel|
|Mayor of Rotterdam|
16 March 1982 – 3 August 1998
|Preceded by||André van der Louw|
|Succeeded by||Ivo Opstelten|
13 February 1940
|Spouse(s)||Neelie Kroes (Divorced)|
|Alma mater||University of Amsterdam
University of Oslo
Erasmus University Rotterdam
Abraham (Bram) Peper (born 13 February 1940) is a Dutch sociologist and former politician. Peper was Mayor of Rotterdam and Minister of the Interior and Kingdom Relations and is member of the Dutch Labour Party (PvdA).
After finishing the HBS, Peper studied social sciences at the University of Amsterdam until 1965 and economy and sociology at the University of Oslo (1963/1964) and got his PhD at the Nederlandse Economische Hogeschool (Currently Erasmus University) in 1972. Peper became researcher, and fulfilled several academic functions, including professor at the Erasmus University until he became Mayor of Rotterdam in 1982 at the age of 42. Rotterdam is the second largest city of the Netherlands, and Peper was one of the youngest mayors of a large city at the time.
In 1984 an interview with Peper and his wife with Ischa Meijer was published in Vrij Nederland, a Dutch magazine, in which Peper was critical towards citizens and rulers. The interview was perceived as arrogant, and seemed to be made while Peper was in a drunk condition. Peper made his apologies, and soon after he and his wife divorced.
While Peper was mayor, the city completed its process of rebuilding after World War II, which resulted in a new skyline for Rotterdam. In the second half of his mayorship, Peper had a tough time with for instance his defeat on the formation of a city province (90% of the voters in a referendum were against). Peper was mayor until 1998, when he joined the government as minister of the interior of the Netherlands in the cabinet Kok II.
Starting 1999, rumours were spreading that Peper had made incorrect declarations while he was mayor of Rotterdam. On 13 March 2000 Peper resigned as minister, according to himself to no longer bring problems to the public government, and to be better able to defend himself. Although a report on 17 March suggested that Peper did not act properly regarding the declarations, Peper won the legal procedures finally two years later.
From 2002 until 2004 Peper was professor at the University Nijenrode, a private university, from which he resigned due to a disagreement regarding a study trip to the European Union in Brussels.
- Interview in Vrij Nederland, 12 July 2003 (Dutch)