Bramley Shopping Centre and bus station
|OS grid reference|
|• London||170 mi (270 km) SSE|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||Yorkshire and the Humber|
Bramley is a district in west Leeds, West Yorkshire, England. It is part of the City of Leeds Ward of Bramley and Stanningley with a population of 21,334 at the 2011 Census. The area is an old industrial area with much 19th century architecture and 20th century council housing in the east and private suburban housing in the west.
Bramley is listed in the 1086 Domesday Book as "Brameleia" and "Bramelie". The nucleus of the settlement was probably located at Stocks Hill, and it developed in a linear fashion along today's Town Street.
The surviving water pump and stone water trough on Stocks Hill remain from Bramley's medieval past. The accompanying blue plaque states "Stocks Hill, Bramley. This historic pump and trough are the last reminders of Bramley Village Green which was surrounded by medieval cottages and yards. The Green featured the stocks, pillory and an 8ft pillar which commemorated the holding of Leeds Market here during the plague of 1644-45".
The area experienced an industrial boom and an associated population increase in the 19th century, mostly because of the development of the woollen textile industry in the early part of the century and due to the boot making and engineering industries in its later part.
Much of Bramley was redeveloped in the 1960s and 1970s, albeit in an unsympathetic manner that damaged the historic integrity of the area and altered the appearance and the character of the town significantly. The Bramley Shopping Centre replaced the former town centre, and was Leeds' second purpose-built town centre after Seacroft town centre. Unlike Seacroft, the Bramley Shopping Centre replaced an existing town centre. The redevelopment replaced substandard shops and houses; many of the shops and cottages were dilapidated and in need of repair. From 2008, following a time of deterioration of the shopping centre, new anchor stores such as Farmfoods and Tesco took over existing premises or occupied new ones in the course of a general refit.
The redevelopment of Bramley was condemned[by whom?] as one of the least sensitive redevelopment programmes in Yorkshire. In 2008 the Yorkshire Evening Post ran an article describing the redevelopment of a "once-picturesque area", and questioning the replacement of an historic Yorkshire town centre. Much of historical Bramley is now protected by the Bramley Town Conservation Area, which focuses on the area around Bramley Park across to Hough Lane.
Parks and open areas for outdoor recreation include Bramley Falls Wood, which runs beside the Leeds and Liverpool Canal, and Bramley Park, which contains an underground reservoir at its highest point. At Bramley Park a fireworks display and the Bramley Carnival is held most years.
Bramley Baths are an example of Edwardian swimming baths. Built in 1904, and restored, it has a 25-yard pool, a gymnasium and a Russian steam room. The baths were used for dances during its early years, when the pool was covered with a large dance floor. The baths are the only remaining example of an Edwardian era bath-house in Leeds today and are a Grade II listed structure.
Bramley Shopping Centre is a 1960s-style concrete shopping plaza which was erected to replace the traditional stone-built village centre. Shops include charity shops, banks, travel agents, bakeries, pawnbrokers, supermarkets, a post office, Greggs, Pizza Hut Delivery, a thrift shop, a dental practice and fast food takeaways.
Estates in Bramley that have residents' associations include Moorside and Ganners, Landseer, Rossefield, and Newlay and Whitecote. LILAC, an affordable green co-housing project is based in Bramley.
Bramley Juniors Football Club was established 1994 and runs with open-age teams. The club developed from one under-9s club in 1994. Bramley rugby league club is the Bramley Buffaloes (previously Bramley), and the Rugby union club, the Bramley Phoenix Rugby Union Club.
- Ernie Wise, of Morecambe and Wise fame (born in Bramley and brought up in East Ardsley from a young age).
- Major John Geoffrey Appleyard DSO, MC and Bar Commando and SAS War Hero was born in Bramley in 1916.
- Robert Haywood Jones paternal grandfather of David Bowie was born in Bramley and is remembered on Bramley War Memorial.
- "Leeds City Council: Bramley and Stanningley ward", Openlylocal.com Archived 16 September 2013 at the Wayback Machine.
- "City of Leeds Ward population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 26 February 2016.
- "Place name: Bramley in Armley, Yorkshire Folio: 318r Great Domesday Book ... | The National Archives". Discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk. Retrieved 11 March 2016.
- Leeds City Council (11 May 2009). "Bramley Town. Conservation Area Appraisal and Management Plan (PDF)" (PDF). Retrieved 12 April 2017.
- "The village that vanished". Yorkshire Evening Post. 10 January 2008. Retrieved 26 October 2017.
- "Bramley Carnival". 10 July 2014.
- "Bramley Baths". Historic England. Retrieved 12 April 2017.
- Bramley local area. Useful local organisations
- Newlay and Whitecote Residents Association
- "LILAC: Low Impact Living Affordable Community". 12 April 2015. Retrieved 12 April 2017.