Brampton, Carlisle

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Brampton
Brampton, Market Place - geograph.org.uk - 759295.jpg
The market place in Brampton in 2008
Brampton is located in Cumbria
Brampton
Brampton
Location within Cumbria
Population4,627 (2011)[1]
OS grid referenceNY530609
Civil parish
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townBRAMPTON
Postcode districtCA8
Dialling code016977 / 01697
PoliceCumbria
FireCumbria
AmbulanceNorth West
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Cumbria
54°56′27″N 2°43′58″W / 54.9409°N 2.7329°W / 54.9409; -2.7329Coordinates: 54°56′27″N 2°43′58″W / 54.9409°N 2.7329°W / 54.9409; -2.7329

Brampton is a small market town, civil parish and electoral ward within the City of Carlisle district of Cumbria, England, about 9 miles (14 km) east of Carlisle and 2 miles (3.2 km) south of Hadrian's Wall. Historically part of Cumberland, it is situated off the A69 road which bypasses it. Brampton railway station, on the Newcastle and Carlisle Railway, is about a mile outside the town, near the hamlet of Milton.

St Martin's Church is famous as the only church designed by the Pre-Raphaelite architect Philip Webb, and contains one of the most exquisite sets of stained glass windows designed by Sir Edward Burne-Jones, and executed in the William Morris studio.

History[edit]

The town is thought to have been founded in the 7th century as an Anglian settlement.[3]

The place-name 'Brampton' is first attested in Charter Rolls of 1252, where it appears as Braunton. In the Taxatio Ecclesiastica of 1291 it appears as Brampton. The name derives from the Old English 'Brōm-tūn', meaning "town or settlement where broom grew".[4]

Its original church survives a couple of miles away to the west as Brampton Old Church, on the site of a Stanegate Roman fort.

The town is overlooked by the large medieval motte known as The Mote, which is surmounted by a statue of George Howard, 7th Earl of Carlisle.

Brampton was granted a Market Charter in 1252 by King Henry III, and became a market town as a result.[5]

During the Jacobite rising of 1745, Charles Edward Stuart ('Bonnie Prince Charlie') stayed in the town for one night, marked by a plaque on the wall of the building (an antique shop) currently occupying the location; here he received the Mayor of Carlisle who had been summoned to Brampton to surrender the city to the Young Pretender. The Capon Tree Monument, to the south of the town centre, commemorates the 1746 hanging of six Jacobites from the branches of the Capon Tree, Brampton's hitherto traditional trysting place.[6]

In 1817 the Earl of Carlisle built the octagonal Moot Hall, which is in the centre of Brampton and houses the Tourist Information Centre. It replaced a 1648 building which was once used by Oliver Cromwell to house prisoners. To the right of its door can be seen the old town iron stocks affixed to the pavement.[7]

Much of Brampton consists of historic buildings built of the local red sandstone.

Governance[edit]

Brampton is in the parliamentary constituency of Penrith and the Border. Neil Hudson was elected its Conservative Member of Parliament at the 2019 General Election, replacing Rory Stewart.

Before Brexit, it was in the North West England European Parliamentary Constituency.

Education[edit]

Brampton's secondary school is the William Howard School, known as Irthing Valley School until 1980 when it was amalgamated with Brampton's White House School and took on a larger catchment area, with pupils from as far away as Alston and Penrith.

Culture[edit]

William Howard School was host to "Brampton Live" every summer, an ever-growing music festival that, since its first appearance in 1995, become the largest folk/roots/world music festival in the North of England. Major artists have included the Levellers, the Waterboys, Egudo Embako, Richard Thompson, Suzanne Vega, Loudon Wainwright III, Altan, Tommy Emmanuel, Seth Lakeman and many others. The last "Brampton Live" took place in 2009 and has been, to a certain extent, replaced in 2012 by the "Stepping Stones Festival"[8] organised by Maddy Prior (of Steeleye Span) held in early May at the Brampton Community Centre.

Modern statue near the church of the Emperor Hadrian, whose Wall passed to the north of Brampton, though little survives locally.

Sport[edit]

The Brampton to Carlisle 10 Mile Road Race organised by Border Harriers & Athletic Club is the oldest 10 mile road race in the United Kingdom and is held in November.[9] The first race was completed in 1952. Previous winners include Steve Cram and Ron Hill.

Notable residents[edit]

Geoff Twentyman, a footballer who made over 150 appearances each for both Carlisle United and Liverpool, was born and brought up in Brampton; as a scout for Liverpool he recommended the likes of Kevin Keegan, John Toshack, Peter Beardsley and John Barnes, amongst others, to the managers he worked under. Altogether he spent twenty years as head scout of Liverpool F.C.[10]

Li Yuan-chia (1929-1994), was a notable Chinese artist, poet and curator, and a significant influence on contemporary Chinese art. Born in Guangxi province, he lived the last twenty six years of his life in Brampton, Cumbria, where he founded the LYC Gallery and Museum, which exhibited his own works and that of other notable artists.

Fairtrade status[edit]

Brampton was granted Fairtrade status on 6 January 2005, becoming one of the first hundred towns in the UK to be recognised in this way.[11] Brampton Primary School was awarded Fairtrade status in Spring 2007 and RAF Spadeadam became Britain's first military base to sign up to Fairtrade.[citation needed]

Brampton and Beyond Community Trust[edit]

Brampton and Beyond Community Trust[12] is a community-based development trust serving Brampton and the surrounding area in north east Cumbria. The Trust is a registered company and a registered charity. The Trust aims to provide accessible, affordable and responsive services for local people and seeks to be self-financing. In 2011, Brampton and Beyond Community Trust formally took over the assets of the former Brampton Community Association, together with responsibility for the operation of the Brampton Community Centre. Subsequently in 2015 the Trust negotiated the asset transfer of site which Brampton Community Centre occupies from Cumbria County Council making the Trust both the owners and operators of Brampton Community Centre.

Anaerobic digester proposal[edit]

Brampton and Beyond Energy (BABE) wants to construct an anaerobic digester on the Townfoot Industrial Estate in Brampton. The project would cost about £1m and it would be expected to make £60,000 profit each year, turning silage and slurry into electricity.[13] Opponents of the proposal cite concerns over odour, noise and the location. The Parish Council discussed the proposal at an emergency meeting at the end of February 2014.[14]

Walkers are Welcome[edit]

In 2011, Brampton became the 66th town in the United Kingdom and the second in Cumbria to gain Walkers are Welcome status.[15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Parish/Ward population 2011". Retrieved 23 June 2015.
  2. ^ http://www.bramptonparishcouncil.co.uk/
  3. ^ Cumbria Directory: Brampton
  4. ^ Eilert Ekwall, The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-names, p.60.
  5. ^ "BBC - Domesday Reloaded: TRADE: Brampton Market". Archived from the original on 25 September 2015.
  6. ^ Brampton page on www.wordsworthcountry.com (Lake District information site)
  7. ^ Brampton Online Archived 22 January 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ Stepping Stones Festival
  9. ^ "Our Races". Borderharriers.co.uk. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  10. ^ "Tribute to Geoff Twentyman" (PDF). Retrieved 25 April 2011.
  11. ^ "Cumbria Fairtrade Network". Cumbriafairtrade.org.uk. 6 January 2005. Archived from the original on 12 January 2013. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  12. ^ ["Archived copy". Archived from the original on 29 May 2013. Retrieved 11 April 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  13. ^ The Cumberland News 14.02.2014 'Meeting turns up the heat over power plant proposals in town'.
  14. ^ op cit The Cumberland News 14.2.2014 page 11
  15. ^ "Home page". Brampton Walkers are Welcome. Retrieved 7 September 2015.

External links[edit]