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Temporal range: Permian
Branchiosaurus salamandroides.JPG
Fossil of Branchiosaurus salamandroides in the Museo di Storia Naturale di Venezia
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Order: Temnospondyli
Superfamily: Dissorophoidea
Family: Branchiosauridae
Fritsch, 1879

Branchiosauridae is an extinct family of temnospondyl amphibians.[1] It has been divided into two subfamilies, Branchiosaurinae and Tungussogyrininae.[2]

One species of branchiosaurid, Melanerpeton tenerum from the Bortewitz formation, has been preserved with skin showing a color pattern of light-colored spots on a web of darker coloration.[3]


  1. ^ Werneburg, R.; Ronchi, A.; Schneider, J. R. W. (2007). "The Early Permian Branchiosaurids (Amphibia) of Sardinia (Italy): Systematic Palaeontology, Palaeoecology, Biostratigraphy and Palaeobiogeographic Problems". Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. 252 (3–4): 383. doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2007.03.048.
  2. ^ Werneburg, R. (2009). "The Permotriassic branchiosaurid Tungussogyrinus Efremov, 1939 (Temnospondyli, Dissorophoidea) from Siberia restudied". Fossil Record. 12 (2): 105–120. doi:10.1002/mmng.200900001.
  3. ^ Werneburg, Ralf (2007). "Timeless design: colored pattern of skin in early Permian branchiosaurids (Temnospondyli: Dissorophoidea)" (PDF). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 27 (4): 1047–1050. doi:10.1671/0272-4634(2007)27[1047:tdcpos];2.