For the mountain on Bonaire, see Brandaris, Bonaire
The Brandaris in 2005
|Year first constructed||1594 (first)|
|Year first lit||1835 (current)|
|Tower shape||square tower with balcony and lantern|
|Markings / pattern||unpainted brick tower, red lantern roof|
|Tower height||52.5 metres (172 ft)|
|Focal height||56 metres (184 ft)|
|Original lens||two 4th order Fresnel lenses|
|Range||29 nautical mile|
|Characteristic|| Fl W 5s. |
0.3 sec. light; 4,7 sec. dark
The Brandaris is a lighthouse on the Dutch Wadden Sea island Terschelling, in Friesland. It is the oldest lighthouse in the Netherlands, listed as a Rijksmonument, number 35032 and rated with a very high historical value.
The first tower was built in 1323 to guide ships on their way to Amsterdam, through the Zuiderzee, the narrow opening between Vlieland and Terschelling. A good position marking was necessary because many islands in the North Sea look very similar.
When the sea flooded Terschelling in 1570 the tower was completely destroyed. In 1592 the construction of a new tower was started, but it collapsed before it was finished because bad building materials had been used. The current tower was built in 1594.
In 1837 the tower was the first lighthouse in the Netherlands to be equipped with a rotating Fresnel lens. Electrification took place in 1907. Today, the light in the tower is controlled fully automatically.
Brandaris is the oldest preserved tower specifically built as a lighthouse in the Netherlands. In 1907 it was the first lighthouse in the Netherlands to be fitted with electric lighting. Brandaris is specially equipped to prevent birds from flying against the tower.
|Tower height||54 metres|
|Height of the circular beam light||55.5 metres|
|Range of light||52 kilometres|
|Luminous intensity||3,500,000 candela|
|Listed (CHM)||yes, since 1965|
|Radar||yes, since 1979|
|Manned?||yes, around the clock|
|Open to the public?||no|
The name of this tower may be a reference to Saint Brendan of Clonfert.
There is also a Dutch rolling tobacco brand Brandaris (shag), classified as heavy, containing 12mg of tar and 1.3mg of nicotine per 750mg of tobacco.
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