Braničevci

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The Braničevci (Serbian Cyrillic: Браничевци) was an early medieval Slavic tribe that inhabited the region of Braničevo, in what is today Serbia, in the early 9th century. Their ethnonym is Slavic, derived from braniti se ("to defend"); Proto-Slavic *borniti, related to bòriti se ("to fight, struggle"). Al Masudi mentions them as Branicabin.[1] Ferdo Šišić called the Braničevci and Timočani "Dacian-Slavic tribes" (dačko-slovenska plemena). They were conquered by the Bulgarian Khan Krum in 805 AD together with the Timočani and Obodrites.[citation needed] The Khan annexed the territories that would serve as a frontier to Rascia and the Franks, he replaced their leaders with Bulgarian administrators.[2][not in citation given] In 818 during the rule of Omurtag (814-836) Braničevci, together with other tribes of the frontier, revolted because of an administrative reform that deprived them of much of their local authority and seceded from Bulgaria.[3] They came under Frankish rule in 822. Timok and Branicevo would be of dispute between the Franks and Bulgars, the Khan sent embassies in 824 and 826 seeking to settle the border dispute, but was neglected.[4][not in citation given][5][not in citation given] Pavel Jozef Šafařik connected them to the Praedenecenti mentioned in the Royal Frankish Annals[6] in 822–824.

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References[edit]

  1. ^ Biblioteka Przegl̨adu zachodniego. Instytut Zachodni. 1948. p. 113. M a s u d i'm: streszczanie, opuszczanie lazw (Noe, imiona książąt, plemiona: Manabin i Branicabin) i ... 
  2. ^ Études Historiques. Académie des sciences de Bulgarie, Institut d'histoire. 1966. [page needed]
  3. ^ The South Slav Journal. Dositey Obradovich Circle. 1989. [page needed]
  4. ^ Etudes Historiques. Académie des sciences de Bulgarie, Institut d'histoire. 1970. [page needed]
  5. ^ John Van Antwerp Fine (1991). The Early Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Sixth to the Late Twelfth Century. University of Michigan Press. ISBN 978-0-472-08149-3. [page needed]
  6. ^ Pavel Jozef Šafařík (1837). Slowanské Starožitnosti. tiskem J. Spurného. pp. 612–.