Braničevo District

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Braničevo District
Браничевски округ
Braničevski okrug
District of Serbia
Location of the Braničevo District within Serbia
Location of the Braničevo District within Serbia
Coordinates: 44°37′N 21°11′E / 44.617°N 21.183°E / 44.617; 21.183Coordinates: 44°37′N 21°11′E / 44.617°N 21.183°E / 44.617; 21.183
Country  Serbia
Region Southern and Eastern Serbia
Administrative center Požarevac
Government
 • Commissioner Aleksandar Đokić
Area
 • Total 3,865 km2 (1,492 sq mi)
Population (2011 census)
 • Total 180,480
 • Density 46.7/km2 (121/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code RS-11
Municipalities 7 and 1 city
Settlements 189
- Cities and towns 7
- Villages 182
Website branicevski.okrug.gov.rs

The Braničevo District (Serbian: Браничевски округ/Braničevski okrug; pronounced [brǎnitʃɛv̞skiː ôkruːɡ], derived from [brǎnitʃɛv̞ɔ]) is one of nine administrative districts of Southern and Eastern Serbia. It expands in the north-eastern parts of Serbia. According to the 2011 census results, it has a population of 180,480 inhabitants. The administrative center of the district is Požarevac.

History[edit]

In the 9th century, a Slavic (or Serb[1]) tribe known as Braničevci are mentioned living in the region. In this time, the town named Braničevo also existed in the area, at the estuary of the river Mlava into Danube. In the Early Middle Ages, Braničevo became a part of the First Bulgarian Empire. After the conquest of Bulgaria, the Byzantines established the Theme of Sirmium in the wider region south of the river Danube. Syrmia, and hence Braničevo, came to be contested between Kingdom of Hungary on the one side, and the Byzantine Empire and the Second Bulgarian Empire (after its independence from the Byzantines) on the other. In the 13th century the Hungarians established the Banate of Braničevo (Banovina of Braničevo), but later in the century two local Bulgarian rulers, Darman and Kudelin, became independent and ruled over Braničevo and Kučevo. In 1291, they were defeated by the Serbian king, Stefan Dragutin, who joined Braničevo to his Syrmian Kingdom. Under his rule the town of Braničevo became a seat of the Eparchy of the Serbian Orthodox Church.[2] The region later belonged to subsequent Serbian states, until it was conquered by the Ottoman Empire in the 15th century. In the 14th century, the region was in a possession of local rulers from the House of Rastislalić. During the Ottoman rule, Braničevo was part of the Sanjak of Smederevo, and since 19th century, it is again part of the Serbian state.

Culture[edit]

In the mid-nineteenth century, at the time of the Serbian state emancipation, Požarevac became, along with Kragujevac, the second metropolis of Prince Miloš Obrenović. During his lifetime, Prince Miloš Obrenović had erected monuments to his memory in Požarevac:

  • the church in 1819
  • palace (1825)
  • new marketplace (1827)
  • stud-farm - Ljubicevo in 1860.

Some of the places of cultural importance in Požarevac are:

Municipalities[edit]

The district encompasses the municipalities of:

Municipalities of the Braničevo district

Economy[edit]

Business facilities of this district are concentrated in the vicinity of the cities of Požarevac and Costal. The most prominent is the food-industry giant: Agricultural-industrial Combine Požarevac which provides employment to huge number of men and satisfies one quarter of the overall demands of Serbia.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1948 246,859 —    
1953 259,329 +5.1%
1961 263,780 +1.7%
1971 263,466 −0.1%
1981 264,182 +0.3%
1991 253,992 −3.9%
2002 200,806 −20.9%
2011 183,625 −8.6%
Source: [3]

According to the 2011 census results, the Braničevo District has a population of 183,625 inhabitants.

Ethnic groups[edit]

Ethnic composition of the Braničevo district:[4]

Ethnic group Population
Serbs 155,255
Vlachs 13,238
Romani 4,629
Romanians 728
Macedonians 282
Montenegrins 242
Croats 189
Yugoslavs 160
Hungarians 108
Others 8,794
Total 183,625

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ Fine, John V.A. (1994). The Late Medieval Balkans: a critical survey from the late twelfth century to the Ottoman conquest. University of Michigan Press. p. 261. ISBN 9780472082605. 
  3. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 13 January 2017. 
  4. ^ "Попис становништва, домаћинстава и станова 2011. у Републици Србији" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Republički zavod za statistiku. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 August 2014. Retrieved 13 January 2017. 

Note: All official material made by the Government of Serbia is public by law. Information was taken from www.srbija.gov.rs.

External links[edit]