Rihemberk (until 1955)
|Traditional region||Slovenian Littoral|
|• Total||14.76 km2 (5.70 sq mi)|
|Elevation||86.7 m (284.4 ft)|
The name of the settlement was changed from Rihemberk (earlier Rifenberg, from German Reyfemberch, attested in 1274) to Branik in 1955. The name was changed on the basis of the 1948 Law on Names of Settlements and Designations of Squares, Streets, and Buildings as part of efforts by Slovenia’s postwar communist government to remove German elements from toponyms. Rihemberk is still the name used for Branik Castle located above the village.
Branik is in the Branik Valley, which is part of the Vipava Valley, just beneath the Karst Plateau. The location provides a favourable climate for the growth of Mediterranean fruits, such as figs and peaches. The area is also renowned for its wines, especially Vitovska Garganja, Barbera, Merlot, and Chardonnay.
Notable natives and residents
- Nevin Birsa, poet
- Rajko Bratož, historian
- Ljudevit Furlani, translator and journalist
- Simon Gregorčič, poet
- Tjaša Iris, painter 
- Gorizia and Gradisca
- Austrian Littoral
- Julian March
- Wines of Slovenia
- Villa Flora Artist in Residency Program 
- Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia
- Nova Gorica municipal site
- Snoj, Marko. 2009. Etimološki slovar slovenskih zemljepisnih imen. Ljubljana: Modrijan and Založba ZRC, p. 74.
- Spremembe naselij 1948–95. 1996. Database. Ljubljana: Geografski inštitut ZRC SAZU, DZS.
- Urbanc, Mimi & Matej Gabrovec. 2005. Krajevna imena: poligon za dokazovanje moči in odraz lokalne identitete. Geografski vestnik 77(2): 25–43.
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