Bransford

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Bransford
Bransford - Powick junction - geograph.org.uk - 837280.jpg
Bransford – Powick junction
Bransford is located in Worcestershire
Bransford
Bransford
 Bransford shown within Worcestershire
Population 389 
OS grid reference SO791525
   – London  105 miles (169 km) 
Civil parish Bransford
District Malvern Hills
Shire county Worcestershire
Region West Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town WORCESTER
Postcode district WR6
Dialling code 01886
Police West Mercia
Fire Hereford and Worcester
Ambulance West Midlands
EU Parliament West Midlands
List of places
UK
England
Worcestershire

Coordinates: 52°10′00″N 2°19′00″W / 52.166667°N 2.316667°W / 52.166667; -2.316667

Bransford is a village and a civil parish, in the Malvern Hills District, which is in the county of Worcestershire, England. It is situated close to the River Teme and Leigh. It is on the primary route between Worcester and Hereford, the A4103 that runs through the centre of the village. According to the 2011 census, Bransford has a population of 389.[1] The main church in Bransford is St. Johns the Baptist church, a small Norman building, lit by candlelight.[2] Bransford is part of the West Worcestershire parliamentary constituency and its current Member of Parliament is Harriet Baldwin, who is a Conservative representative.[3]

History[edit]

A map showing Bransford in the 19th century

The origins of the name 'Bransford' are uncertain, but it is believed to mean 'hill-top ford' or 'ford at Bragen'. This is dervied from 'braegen', old English for crown of the head or topographically a hill and then 'ford'.[4] In the Doomsday Book, Bransford was called Bradnesforde and included information about Urso from the Pershore Church and mill.[5] Bransford was home to Wulstan de Bransford, the Bishop of Worcester from 1338–49.[6] Following the Poor Law Amendment Act 1834 Bransford Parish ceased to be responsible for maintaining the poor in its parish, a responsibility transferred to Martley Poor Law Union.[7] In the 1870s, Bransford was described as

"...a chapelry in Leigh parish, Worcestershire; on the river Teme, adjacent to the Malvern railway, 4½ miles SW by W of Worcester.[8]"

Occupation[edit]

1881 occupational structure of Bransford, Worcestershire, as reported by 1881 census

It was in 1894 that Bransford was separated from Leigh as an ecclesiastical parish and made into a civil parish of its own right.[6] Bransford was once devoted to pasture and had 2,366 acres of arable land as well as a further 1,062 separate acres of land.[6] There was once a clothing factory by the Teme, explaining why 7 women worked in dress in 1881.[9] There was also a snuff-mill, which then became a corn-mill.[6] When the clothing factory and snuff-mill disappeared, people became involved heavily in agriculture, which explains why in 1881 at least 46 people were engaged in agriculture as their occupation.[9] It was at this time that men were involved in agriculture, whilst women were working in occupations such as domestic services (12 women) and dress services (4 women). Ninety women that lived in Bransford had an unspecified occupation, which was representative of the time.[9] Today, there are 186 residents in employment.[10] 8 people now work in agriculture, compared to 46 in 1881. Wholesale and retail trade now has the highest level of works in Bransford, with 35 people (18.8% of employment) working in this field.[10] Human health and social work has the second highest level of employment in Bransford with jobs in education being third highest.[10] This shows a huge change from 1881 where the majority of jobs were in agriculture, mining and domestic services.

Population and Age[edit]

Total Population of Bransford Civil Parish, Worcestershire, as reported by the Census of Population from 1881 to 2011

The population of Bransford has steadily increased since 1881. There was a slight decrease in 1891 but then it continued to increase until 1911. In 1911, the population was at 263 but this then steeply dropped to 198 in 1921.[11] This was most likely due to World War 1 leading to a vast decrease in population. Since 1961, there has been a sharper increase in population, going from 267 to 389 today.[11] It is important to note that there was no census information between 1961 and 2001, so there may have been changes here that were not recorded. Today, the population may be increasing due to a growing population, as well as the growing number of businesses in Bransford. In 1881 there were 129 males and 128 females living in Bransford.[12] This has changed quite drastically today, as there are 187 males and 202 females.[1]Due to this rise in population there was an increase in housing, going from 62 houses in 1881[13] compared with the 171 households there are in Bransford today.[14]

The mean age in Bransford is 49.4 and the median age is 53. The largest age bracket is 45–59 years old, as 23.9% of people in Bransford are of this age.[15]

transport[edit]

Bransford lies on the A4103 road, making it accessible. It is served by the 417[16] and 423[17] bus services[18] and the nearest train station is Worcester Foregate Street.[19] Until 1965, there was a Great Western Railway station on the Bransford Road. It closed on 5 April 1965, possibly from lack of need.[20] For many, having a car or van is the main method of transport as out of the 171 households, 161 own at least one car or van.[14] Bransford's nearest motorway is the M5.

View of River Teme, situated in Bransford
The old Great Western Railway station

Local Business[edit]

Today, Bransford is home to a number of small businesses.

  • The Fold, is a craft centre that is located at the New House Farm in Bransford.[21]
  • Bank House Hotel, is a hotel in Bransford, that features a spa and golf course.[22] It is used for a number of functions including as a music venue for concerts and dances.
  • Fox Inn, is a Chef & Brewer pub in Bransford. This pub has been flooded by the River Teme a number of times in the past.[23]
  • Bransford Nursery, a tree nursery owned by Webb of Wychbold.[24]
  • Gilbert's Farm, a farm and bungalow on the edge of Bransford. It contains 118 acres of pasture land.[25]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Bransford (Parish): Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 28 January 2016. 
  2. ^ Leach, Andrew. "Parish Finder". www.achurchnearyou.com. Crown. Retrieved 9 February 2016. 
  3. ^ "parliament.uk". Harriet Baldwin MP. Retrieved 3 March 2016. 
  4. ^ Ekwall, E.; Mills, A. D. "Key to English Place-Names". Key to English Place-Names. Retrieved 28 February 2016. 
  5. ^ "Worchestershire A-D". The Domesday Book Online. domesdaybook.co.uk. Retrieved 24 March 2016. 
  6. ^ a b c d Page, William; Willis-Bund, J W (1924). "Leigh with Bransford". A History of the County of Worcester. 
  7. ^ Worcestershire Family History Guidebook, Vanessa Morgan, 2011, p68 The History Press, Stroud, Gloucestershire.
  8. ^ Wilson, John Marius (1870–72). Imperial Gazetteer of England Wales. Edinburgh: A. Fullerton & Co. 
  9. ^ a b c Woollard, Matthew. "1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10: " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".". A Vision of Britain. Retrieved 25 February 2016. 
  10. ^ a b c "Bransford (Parish): Key Figures for 2011 Census: Industry". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 17 March 2016. 
  11. ^ a b "Population Statistics | Total Population, A Vision of Britain through Time.". GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, Bransford Ch/CP through time. Retrieved 8 March 2016. 
  12. ^ "A Vision of Britain through Time.". Bransford Ch/CP through time, Population Statistics, Males & Female. GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 17 March 2016. 
  13. ^ "A Vision of Britain Housing Statistics". A Vision of Britain. GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 19 March 2016. 
  14. ^ a b "Car and Van Availability, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 3 March 2016. 
  15. ^ "Bransford (Parish): Age Structure, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 24 March 2016. 
  16. ^ "Bus timetable, Astons of Kempsey". Traveline Midlands. Retrieved 13 March 2016. 
  17. ^ "Bus timetable, LMS Travel". Traveline Midlands. Retrieved 13 March 2016. 
  18. ^ Traveline. "for journeys within the South, East and West Midlands". traveline west midlands. Retrieved 25 February 2016. 
  19. ^ "Google Maps". Retrieved 25 February 2016. 
  20. ^ Brooksbank, Ben. "Bransford Road Station". Geograph. Retrieved 25 February 2016. 
  21. ^ Gogarty, Jeff. "New House Farm, Bransford, Worcestershire". Geograph. Retrieved 25 February 2016. 
  22. ^ Fareham, Steve. "Bank House hotel car park". Geograph. Retrieved 25 February 2016. 
  23. ^ Allen, Chris. "Fox Inn, Bransford". Geograph. Retrieved 25 February 2016. 
  24. ^ Rickard, Trevor. "Bransford Nursery". Geograph. Retrieved 25 February 2016. 
  25. ^ "Gilbert's Farm". Gilberts Farm. Fisher German. Retrieved 17 March 2016. 

External links[edit]