Branston, Staffordshire

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Branston
The Bridge Inn at Branston, Staffordshire - geograph.org.uk - 1581908.jpg
The Bridge Inn at Branston
Branston is located in Staffordshire
Branston
Branston
Branston shown within Staffordshire
Population 6,749 (2011)
OS grid reference SK2321
Civil parish
  • Branston
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BURTON-ON-TRENT
Postcode district DE14
Dialling code 01283
Police Staffordshire
Fire Staffordshire
Ambulance West Midlands
EU Parliament West Midlands
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Staffordshire
52°47′13″N 1°39′32″W / 52.787°N 1.659°W / 52.787; -1.659Coordinates: 52°47′13″N 1°39′32″W / 52.787°N 1.659°W / 52.787; -1.659

Branston is a village and civil parish in Staffordshire, England. At the 2001 census, it had a population of 6,540,[1] increasing to 6,749 at the 2011 Census.[2]

History[edit]

Branston was originally a small village beside the River Trent and lies to the south of Burton upon Trent. It spread in the 19th century along the main Burton to Lichfield road, which is now the dual carriageway A38. There is much 19th- and 20th-century housing along Clays Lane, north of the village, and along Burton Road to the east. Elsewhere, the land is mainly farmland, with the former Sinai Park in the northern part of the township.

The name Branston is Old English and means an estate belonging to a man called Brant, a personal name of Scandinavian origin. The medieval village stood near the river, its position decided by its proximity to a ford

In 942 King Edmund granted an estate at Branston to Wulfsige the Black, possibly an ancestor of Wulfric Spot, the founder of Burton Abbey, and in 1066 it was held by Godgifu (Lady Godiva), the widow of Leofric, Earl of Mercia.

By the later 18th century the village stood at the east end of Old Road, which with Warren Lane formed the line of the medieval road between Burton and Lichfield before Main Street was laid out to the north in the early 19th century. A new village centre then developed along Main Street. A Congregational chapel was opened in 1834, and there was a post office by 1871.

A public house mentioned in 1789 was by 1818 called the Gate inn. It presumably stood on the site of the present inn of that name at the southern end of the modern village, and took its name from the nearby toll-gate set up after the Burton-Lichfield road was turn-piked in 1729. By 1818 there was another inn a short distance to the north. Then called the White Hart, it was known as the Anglesey Arms by the earlier 1830s and still existed in 1918. A third inn, the present Blacksmiths Arms at the junction of Main Street and Old Road, existed as a beer house called the Smiths Arms in 1851.

The first Branston(e) Golf Club was founded in 1907. This club disappeared at the time of WW1.[3]

Crosse & Blackwell briefly operated a facility in the village producing pickle (Branston Pickle) between 1920 and 1925.[4]

During the Second World War a major ordnance facility known as Branston Depot was established at Branston: this facility closed in 1961 when operations moved to Bicester.[4]

Branston has many housing developments such as Regents Park and Fairway estate next to Branston Golf Course.

There are two schools in Branston, Rykneld Primary School and Paget High School.

The parish church in Branston is St Saviour's, part of the Diocese of Lichfield.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census 2001: Parish Headcouts: East Staffordshire". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 12 September 2013. 
  2. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Retrieved 5 December 2015. 
  3. ^ "Branston Golf Club", "Golf’s Missing Links".
  4. ^ a b "Branston Depot History". Burton on Trent History. Retrieved 28 June 2016.