Brassó County

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Brassó County
Comitatus Brassoviensis  (Latin)
Brassó vármegye  (Hungarian)
Komitat Kronstadt  (German)
Comitatul Braşov  (Romanian)
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
1876–1920

Coat of arms of Brassó

Coat of arms

Location of Brassó
Capital Brassó
45°39′N 25°35′E / 45.650°N 25.583°E / 45.650; 25.583Coordinates: 45°39′N 25°35′E / 45.650°N 25.583°E / 45.650; 25.583
History
 •  Established 1876
 •  Treaty of Trianon June 4, 1920
Area
 •  1910 1,492 km2 (576 sq mi)
Population
 •  1910 101,109 
Density 67.8 /km2  (175.5 /sq mi)
Today part of Romania
Braşov is the current name of the capital.

Brassó was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is now in central Romania (south-eastern Transylvania). The capital of the county was Brassó (Braşov in Romanian, Kronstadt in German).

Geography[edit]

Brassó county shared borders with Romania and the Hungarian counties Fogaras, Nagy-Küküllő and Háromszék. The river Olt formed part of its northern border. The ridge of the southern Carpathian Mountains forms its southern border. Its area was 1499 km² around 1910.

Demographics[edit]

In 1900, the county had a population of 95,565 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[1]

Total:

According to the census of 1900, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[2]

Total:

Ethnic map of the county with data of the 1910 census (see the key in the description)

In 1910, county had a population of 101,109 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[3]

Total:

According to the census of 1910, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[4]

Total:

History[edit]

The Brassó/Kronstadt region was settled by German colonists since the 12th century. Brassó county was formed in 1876, when the administrative structure of Transylvania was changed. In 1920, by the Treaty of Trianon the county became part of Romania. Its territory lies in the present Romanian county Braşov.

Subdivisions[edit]

Brassó county administrative map.jpg

In the early 20th century, the subdivisions of Brassó county were:

Districts (járás)
District Capital
Alvidék Földvár, (Romanian Feldioara)
Felvidék Feketehalom (Romanian: Codlea) until 1894, then Brassó (Romanian: Braşov)
Hétfalus Hosszúfalu, (Romanian: Satulung)
Urban districts (rendezett tanácsú város)
Brassó, (Romanian: Brașov)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-12-06. 
  2. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-12-06. 
  3. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-19. 
  4. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-19.