Brass Target

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Brass Target
Brass Target FilmPoster.jpeg
Directed byJohn Hough
Written byFrederick Nolan (novel)
Alvin Boretz
Produced byBerle Adams
Arthur Lewis
StarringSophia Loren
John Cassavetes
George Kennedy
Robert Vaughn
Patrick McGoohan
Bruce Davison
Edward Herrmann
Max von Sydow
CinematographyTony Imi
Edited byDavid Lane
Music byLaurence Rosenthal
Color processMetrocolor
Production
company
Distributed byUnited Artists
Release date
  • December 22, 1978 (1978-12-22)
Running time
111 minutes
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
Box office$5,111,000 (domestic) or $2.5 million (US rentals)[1]

Brass Target is a 1978 American suspense war film based on the 1974 novel The Algonquin Project by Frederick Nolan.[2] The film was produced by Berle Adams and Arthur Lewis and directed by John Hough.[3] It stars Sophia Loren, John Cassavetes, Robert Vaughn, George Kennedy, Patrick McGoohan and Max von Sydow.[4]

The film's plot concerns General George S. Patton's fatal automobile crash and suggests that the crash was not an accident but the result of a conspiracy.

Plot[edit]

In Europe, days after V-E Day, General Patton orders that hoarded Nazi gold be transported to the Reichsbank in Frankfurt. But before the shipment arrives in the city, the gold train is robbed and 59 U.S. Army military policemen are killed with poison gas in a railroad tunnel. A group of corrupt American officers, led by a colonel, is behind the crime. Patton launches an investigation that initially leads to OSS major Joe De Luca, from whom the thieves took a plan from his wartime operations to steal the gold.

De Luca begins his own investigation. He first visits his old wartime commander, Colonel Mike McCauley, who is now living in a requisitioned German castle. Meanwhile, as the investigation gets closer, the corrupt American officers hire a professional assassin named Webber to kill Patton and halt the inquiry.

Soon De Luca meets Mara, a former girlfriend, who can help him find the culprits. But they first discover that Webber is on their trail and is also planning to kill Patton. They race against time across war-ravaged Europe to save the general and catch the villainous officers.

Webber, posing as an American soldier, kills General Patton in a staged traffic accident. At the precise moment when a military truck collides with Patton's car, Webber fires a rubber bullet, striking Patton and breaking his neck. De Luca tracks down the assassin and kills him with his own weapon.

Cast[edit]

Production[edit]

Development[edit]

The film is based on the 1974 historical novel The Algonquin Project by British writer Frederick W. Nolan in which a fictional protagonist tries stop the assassination of Patton in a staged car accident.[2] For more than thirty years, the death of Patton had been regarded as an unfortunate accident; however, it was noted at the time that the release of this 1978 film had created fresh speculation and dubious interest into the general's death.[5] MGM was accused of hyping the conspiracy theory in order to market the film.[6] Numerous books have since been published on the subject culminating in the "sensationalist" but "widely read" 2008 best-seller Target: Patton, The Plot to Assassinate General George S. Patton.[7][8]

Although approximately $2.5 billion in German gold, most of which is still missing, was determined to have been pilfered in several separate thefts, no train robbery occurred as depicted in the film. Brass Target, despite a lukewarm reception upon its release, is noted for its attention to historical detail in an early post-war Europe. The Cold War had not started but relations with the Russians are shown to have already become frosty.

Casting[edit]

Many American soldiers from the 66th MI Group who were stationed in Munich appear as extras in the film.[9][5]

Filming[edit]

Brass Target was shot on location in Munich, Bavaria, West Germany and Switzerland.[9]

Release[edit]

Brass Target was released in theaters on December 22, 1978 in the United States[9] and March 2, 1979 in the United Kingdom.[citation needed]

The film was released on DVD on August 30, 2012 by the Warner Archive Collection.[10] MGM Home Entertainment released Brass Target on DVD as part of its Sophia Loren Collection.[11]

Reception[edit]

Vincent Canby of The New York Times wrote in his review: "It is the dubious premise of The Brass Target, a film full of dubiety, that Gen. George S. Patton was assassinated in Germany in 1945 by a motley crew of United States Army officers in an attempt to hide their theft of $250 million in Nazi gold. History says that General Patton died in Germany in 1945 following an automobile accident, but Frederick Nolan, who wrote The Algonquin Project, this film's source material, has connected various unsolved mysteries to make a wobbly case for his conspiracy theory. As historical speculation goes, it's less interesting than wondering where we might be today if Ford's Theater had been playing Uncle Tom's Cabin that fateful night in 1865, instead of Our American Cousin. Would Lincoln have attended, or might he have said, "Mary, I just can't sit through it again"? You may elect not to sit through international claptrap like this film, which doesn't measure up even to The Cassandra Crossing ... The Brass Target, which has been rated PG ("Parental Guidance Suggested"), contains a lot of violence, all of it simulated but random in the way of simple-minded movie-making."[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ THE BIG THUDS OF 1979--FILMS THAT FLOPPED, BADLY Epstein, Andrew. Los Angeles Times 27 Apr 1980: o6.
  2. ^ a b Nolan, Frederick W. (1974). The Algonquin Project (1st ed.). New York City: William Morrow and Company. ISBN 978-0688003197.
  3. ^ "Brass Target". Turner Classic Movies. Atlanta: Turner Broadcasting System (Time Warner). Retrieved March 1, 2016.
  4. ^ Variety film review; December 13, 1978.[1]
  5. ^ a b c Canby, Vincent (December 22, 1978). "Screen: Patton Plot:Historical Speculation". The New York Times. New York City. Retrieved November 28, 2016.
  6. ^ Peter J. K. Hendrikx. "The Death of General George S. Patton" (PDF). www.osssociety.org. Retrieved 5 January 2022.
  7. ^ "Was Patton Murdered?: What is the truth behind the death of America's greatest World War II battlefield commander?". www.historynet.com. November 30, 2022.
  8. ^ Wilcox, Robert K. (2008). Target: Patton: The Plot to Assassinate General George S. Patton (1st ed.). Washington, D.C.: Regnery History. ISBN 978-1596985797.
  9. ^ a b c "Brass Target". American Film Institute. Los Angeles. Retrieved November 28, 2016.
  10. ^ "Brass Target". Warner Archive Collection. Burbank, California: Warner Home Video. August 30, 2012. ASIN B008NNY8HW. Retrieved November 28, 2016.
  11. ^ "Brass Target". MGM Home Entertainment. Burbank, California: Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. ASIN B0007655GG. Retrieved November 28, 2016.

External links[edit]