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Brassempouy 1.JPG
Brassempouy is located in France
Coordinates: 43°37′58″N 0°41′37″W / 43.6328°N 0.6936°W / 43.6328; -0.6936Coordinates: 43°37′58″N 0°41′37″W / 43.6328°N 0.6936°W / 43.6328; -0.6936
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Department Landes
Arrondissement Dax
Canton Amou
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Guy Duplantier
Area1 10.72 km2 (4.14 sq mi)
Population (2013)2 276
 • Density 26/km2 (67/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 40054 / 40330
Elevation 35–131 m (115–430 ft)
(avg. 120 m or 390 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Brassempouy is a commune in the Landes department in Aquitaine in southwestern France.

The settlement is on the route between Mont-de-Marsan and Orthez.


Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1962 307 —    
1968 332 +8.1%
1975 309 −6.9%
1982 291 −5.8%
1990 279 −4.1%
1999 268 −3.9%
2006 289 +7.8%
2013 276 −4.5%

Prehistoric caves[edit]

The village became famous for its two nearby caves, and only 100 metres from each other, were among the first Paleolithic sites to be explored in France. They are known as the Galerie des Hyènes (Gallery of the Hyenas) and the Grotte du Pape (the "Pope's Cave"), in which the Venus of Brassempouy was discovered in 1892, accompanied by eight other human figures, often ignored, and an example of unfinished work, with multiple figures of women being carved at the same time. As a result, the four museums of history were established here.

See also[edit]