Brasted

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Brasted
Brasted green.jpg
The village green at Brasted
Brasted is located in Kent
Brasted
Brasted
Location within Kent
Population1,429 (2011 census)[1]
Civil parish
  • Brasted
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townWESTERHAM
Postcode districtTN16
Dialling code01959
PoliceKent
FireKent
AmbulanceSouth East Coast
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Kent
51°16′36″N 0°06′39″E / 51.276610°N 0.110790°E / 51.276610; 0.110790Coordinates: 51°16′36″N 0°06′39″E / 51.276610°N 0.110790°E / 51.276610; 0.110790

Brasted /ˈbrstɛd/[2] is a village and civil parish in the Sevenoaks District of Kent, England. Brasted lies on the A25 road, between Sundridge and Westerham; the road is named Westerham Road, High Street and Main Road as it passes through the village east to west. Brasted is 6 km west of Sevenoaks town. The parish had a population of 1321 (2001 census) and includes the hamlets of Brasted Chart, Toys Hill and Puddledock. The village of Brasted has a number of 18th-century houses with several antique shops, pubs and residences. The parish church is dedicated to St Martin.

History[edit]

The name is recorded as Briestede in 1086, one of only two large manors in the hundred of Westerham described in the Domesday Book,[3] and as Bradestede around 1100; it is from Old English brād + stede and means "broad place".[4] After the Domesday hundreds of Kent were consolidated, Brasted was in the "Hundred of Westerham and Edenbridge".[5] From 1894 to 1974, Brasted was within the Sevenoaks Rural District.

The Brasted Watermill, circa 1906

In the 18th century and earlier, Brasted had the economic advantage of a watermill.

Brasted had a railway station on the branch line running between Westerham and Dunton Green that opened in 1881 and closed in 1961.

St Martin's Church

John Turton (1735–1806), famed physician to King George III, was the first owner of Brasted Place, one of only two houses in Kent that were designed by neoclassical architect Robert Adam.[6][7] In the 19th century, Napoleon III lived in Brasted Place.[6] During the 20th century, surrounding acreage was sold for mainly residential uses. Following its disuse as a country house, it was eventually repurposed as commercial office suites. In the early 21st century, architect and restorationist Michael Wilson crafted a seven apartment interior for Brasted Place, now within an eight acre park.[8] Its lodge and gateway also became listed historic buildings.[9]

Australian soft-drink manufacturer George Marchant was born in Brasted in 1857. During the Second World War the local pub, the White Hart, was popular with RAF fighter pilots stationed at nearby RAF Biggin Hill.

Just to the north of Brasted the M25 motorway passes in a west–east direction; the River Darent has its source near the village.

Brasted Chart[edit]

Brasted Chart is a hamlet within the civil parish of Brasted. It lies to the south of Brasted and the north of Four Elms. Its road, Chart Lane, leads to another hamlet called Toys Hill to the south. There is no chapel or church; however there are numerous Grade II listed buildings, the former stables and coach house and linking wall and mounting block to the south west of the house of Foxwold. Similarly, all the buildings (Cottage, Oast House, Piggery and former dairy, now a base camp for private group bookings and working holidays) at Outridge Farm (owned by the National Trust) have Grade II listed building status. The Oast Houses are unique in that the cowls are octagonal, in comparison to the usual conical shape found in both Kent and Sussex.[10]

Nearest settlements[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Archived from the original on 20 October 2016. Retrieved 18 September 2016.
  2. ^ G.M. Miller, BBC Pronouncing Dictionary of British Names (Oxford UP, 1971), p. 20.
  3. ^ Open Domesday: Brasted, accessed April 2020.
  4. ^ A.D. Mills, Dictionary of English Place-Names (Oxford UP, 2nd ed., 1998), p. 51.
  5. ^ The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent: Volume 1. Author: Edward Hasted; Published 1797.
  6. ^ a b John Newman. West Kent and the Weald. The “Buildings of England” Series, First Edition, Sir Nikolaus Pevsner and Judy Nairn, eds. (London: Penguin, 1969), 171
  7. ^ Brasted Place and Saxon Cross, accessed April 2020.
  8. ^ Brasted Place (Kent), accessed April 2020.
  9. ^ The Lodge and Entrance Gateway to Brasted Place, accessed April 2020.
  10. ^ "National Heritage List, List Entries IDs 1085841, 1249480, 1263743, 1249480". English Heritage. Retrieved 30 April 2012.

External links[edit]