Brattleby

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Brattleby
St Cuthbert, Brattleby.jpg
St Cuthbert's Church, Brattleby
Brattleby is located in Lincolnshire
Brattleby
Brattleby
Location within Lincolnshire
Population111 (2011)
OS grid referenceSK948808
• London130 mi (210 km) SSE
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townLincoln
Postcode districtLN1
PoliceLincolnshire
FireLincolnshire
AmbulanceEast Midlands
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Lincolnshire
53°18′57″N 0°34′40″W / 53.315920°N 0.577695°W / 53.315920; -0.577695Coordinates: 53°18′57″N 0°34′40″W / 53.315920°N 0.577695°W / 53.315920; -0.577695

Brattleby is a village and civil parish in the West Lindsey district of Lincolnshire, England. The population of the civil parish at the 2011 census was 111[1] having slightly fallen from a figure of 113 quoted at the 2001 census. It is situated 5 miles (8 km) north from Lincoln, to the west of the A15, and near to RAF Scampton.

In 1981 the village was designated a conservation area.[citation needed]

History[edit]

According to A Dictionary of British Place Names, Brattleby is defined as "a farmstead or a village of a man called Brot-Ulfr", an Old Scandinavian person name, with 'by', a "farmstead, village or settlement".[2]

In the 1086 Domesday account Brattleby is mentioned three times as "Brotulbi",[3] in the Hundred of Lawress in the West Riding of Lindsey. The manor held 19.5 households, 2 smallholders 5 freemen, 3 ploughlands and a meadow of 8 acres (0.03 km2). In 1066 Ulf Fenman was Lord of the Manor, this transferred in 1086 to Gilbert of Ghent, who also became Tenant-in-chief.[4]

Brattleby became a Barony after the Norman conquest. In 1169 the Barony of Brattleby was inherited by Nicola de la Haye, who became Sheriff of Lincolnshire, and, in 1216 after the death of her husband Gerard de Camville, castellan of Lincoln Castle, where she was involved in the 1217 Battle of Lincoln and the defence against various sieges during the First Barons' War.[5][6]

Brattleby Hall, established about 1780, with 1838-39 alterations by William Nicholson,[7] was owned by the De La Haye family during the reign of Henry I.[citation needed] Pevsner describes the hall as early Victorian and notes stables dated 1813;[8] the stable block is Grade II listed.[9]

In 1885 Kelly's Directory recorded that the living at the discharged (incumbent untaxed for the first year of appointment[10]) rectory was in the gift of Samuel W. Wright DL, JP, of Brattleby Hall, a "modern mansion", who was also principal landowner and lord of the manor. The chief crops within a parish area of 1,238 acres (5 km2) were wheat, barley, turnips and clover. Parish population in 1881 was 148. There was a mixed parochial school for 40 pupils, built in 1871 and supported by Samuel Wright. Kelly's also noted three farmers, a wool merchant, farm bailiff, shopkeeper, blacksmith and a wheelwright.[11]

Brattleby Grade II* listed Anglican church is dedicated to St. Cuthbert.[12] It was established in the late 11th century with later additions in the 14th,[12] and was heavily restored in 1858 by James Fowler.[13] Pevsner notes a late Anglo-Saxon shaft of a cross at the south of the churchyard.[8] Kellys described the church of St Cuthbert as:

a stone edifice in the Early English style rebuilt with the exception of the lower stage of the tower, and the arcade, in 1858, under the direction of Mr. James Fowler, of Louth: it consists of chancel, nave, north aisle and a western tower, surmounted by a small spire, containing 3 bells: there is a reredos of alabaster to the memory of the two elder sons of S. W. Wright esq. of Brattleby Hall, also in the chancel an ancient credence table. The east stained window is in memory of Miss Mary Wright and another in the south side of chancel, to Henrietta de Coetlogon. The register dates from the year 1686.[11]

The churchyard contains one Commonwealth War Graves Commission grave, that of Flying Officer Clare Connor, RAF, the Canadian pilot of the aircraft on the mission for which John Hannah received the Victoria Cross. Connor was presented with the DFC by King George VI at Buckingham Palace when Hannah received the VC. Connor was based at nearby RAF Scampton, and he and his wife attended services at St. Cuthbert's. He was killed on a subsequent mission, and his body recovered from the North Sea.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Civil parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 24 April 2016.
  2. ^ Mills, Anthony David (2003); A Dictionary of British Place Names, pp.73, 520, Oxford University Press, revised edition (2011). ISBN 019960908X
  3. ^ "Documents Online: Brattleby, Lincolnshire", Great Domesday Book, Folios: 340v, 354v, 356v; The National Archives. Retrieved 9 July 2012
  4. ^ Brattleby in the Domesday Book. Retrieved 9 July 2012.
  5. ^ "Making History - Nicholaa de la Haye"; series 12, programme 5, BBC Radio 4, 15 November 2005. Retrieved 9 July 2012
  6. ^ Wilkinson, Linda (2007) Women in Thirteenth-Century Lincolnshire, pp. 13-26, Royal Historical Society, Boydell Press. ISBN 0861932854
  7. ^ Historic England. "Brattleby Hall (1063335)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 1 July 2011.
  8. ^ a b Pevsner, Nikolaus; Harris, John; The Buildings of England: Lincolnshire p. 2197; Penguin, (1964); revised by Nicholas Antram (1989), Yale University Press. ISBN 0300096208
  9. ^ Historic England. "Stable Block at Brattleby Hall, Brattleby (1063336)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 9 July 2012.
  10. ^ "Norfolk-L Archives"; Ancestry.com. Retrieved 9 July 2012
  11. ^ a b Kelly's Directory of Lincolnshire with the port of Hull 1885, p. 335
  12. ^ a b Historic England. "Church of St Cuthbert (1063378)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 1 July 2011.
  13. ^ Cox, J. Charles (1916) Lincolnshire p. 349; Methuen & Co. Ltd
  14. ^ Peggy Curran, "The unknown Canadian: Hudson widow alerts British village  to heroic pilot's grave," Montreal Gazette 11 November 2010; see also "War widow travels 3,000 miles to visit the county grave of her airman husband," Lincolnshire Echo http://parishes.lincolnshire.gov.uk/Files/Parish/51/ConnorLincsecho.pdf

External links[edit]

Media related to Brattleby at Wikimedia Commons