Braunlage

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Braunlage
Braunlage with the Wurmberg mountain behind
Braunlage with the Wurmberg mountain behind
Coat of arms of Braunlage
Coat of arms
Braunlage   is located in Germany
Braunlage
Braunlage
Location of Braunlage within Goslar district
Braunlage in GS.svg
Coordinates: 51°43′37″N 10°36′43″E / 51.72694°N 10.61194°E / 51.72694; 10.61194Coordinates: 51°43′37″N 10°36′43″E / 51.72694°N 10.61194°E / 51.72694; 10.61194
Country Germany
State Lower Saxony
District Goslar
Government
 • Mayor Stefan Grote (SPD)
Area
 • Total 31.55 km2 (12.18 sq mi)
Elevation 560 m (1,840 ft)
Population (2015-12-31)[1]
 • Total 6,803
 • Density 220/km2 (560/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 38700
Dialling codes 05520
Vehicle registration GS, BRL, CLZ
Website www.braunlage.org

Braunlage is a town and health resort in the Goslar district in Lower Saxony in Germany. Situated within the Harz mountain range, south of the Brocken massif, Braunlage's main business is tourism, particularly skiing. Nearby ski resorts include the Sonnenberg and the slopes on the Wurmberg.

Geography[edit]

Braunlage is located on the Warme Bode, a headstream of the Bode river, close to the border with Elend in the state of Saxony-Anhalt. The municipal area stretches along the southeastern rim of the Harz National Park from an elevation of 550 m (1,800 ft) up to 971 m (3,186 ft) at the Wurmberg summit. Other peaks in the vicinity include the Achtermannshöhe and the Hahnenklee Crags.

Districts[edit]

The town consists of three districts:

* with the village of Königskrug
** with the villages of Sonnenberg, Oderhaus, Oderbrück, Oderberg, Odertaler Sägemühle and Silberhütte

Transportation[edit]

Braunlage is situated at the Bundesstraßen B4 running from Braunschweig to Nordhausen and B27 from Blankenburg to Göttingen.

Local buses provide service between Braunlage and the nearby communities of Bad Harzburg, Sankt Andreasberg, Schierke, Wernigerode, Hohegeiß, Bad Sachsa, Nordhausen, Bad Lauterberg, Herzberg, and Clausthal-Zellerfeld. [2]

Braunlage used to be served by the South Harz Railway Company, providing a link to the Harz Narrow Gauge Railways via Sorge, but service was cut in 1958.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Braunlage
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 13.9
(57)
15.1
(59.2)
19.8
(67.6)
25.9
(78.6)
28.1
(82.6)
30.8
(87.4)
32.6
(90.7)
32.8
(91)
30.3
(86.5)
24.3
(75.7)
18.8
(65.8)
14.1
(57.4)
32.8
(91)
Average high °C (°F) −0.3
(31.5)
2.5
(36.5)
4.8
(40.6)
9.4
(48.9)
14.3
(57.7)
17.5
(63.5)
19.0
(66.2)
18.7
(65.7)
15.7
(60.3)
10.2
(50.4)
4.4
(39.9)
1.1
(34)
9.8
(49.6)
Average low °C (°F) −5.2
(22.6)
−4.9
(23.2)
−2.3
(27.9)
1.1
(34)
5.4
(41.7)
8.4
(47.1)
10.5
(50.9)
10.4
(50.7)
7.8
(46)
3.8
(38.8)
0.0
(32)
−3.2
(26.2)
2.7
(36.8)
Record low °C (°F) −23.9
(−11)
−25.6
(−14.1)
−18.0
(−0.4)
−11.0
(12.2)
−4.1
(24.6)
−0.6
(30.9)
2.7
(36.9)
2.6
(36.7)
−0.4
(31.3)
−8.2
(17.2)
−14.0
(6.8)
−22.8
(−9)
−25.6
(−14.1)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 130
(5.12)
118
(4.65)
80
(3.15)
85
(3.35)
80
(3.15)
98
(3.86)
126
(4.96)
105
(4.13)
97
(3.82)
112
(4.41)
116
(4.57)
118
(4.65)
1,265
(49.82)
Source: [1]; [2]

History[edit]

Braunlage ironworks, 1654 engraving by Matthäus Merian

First mentioned as Brunla in 1227, the town started out as a pit settlement in the Harz forests. It appeared as Brunenlo in a 1253 register of the Saxon counts of Regenstein and was revived, when their successors, the Counts of Blankenburg, established an ironworks here in 1561. With the extinction of the Blankenburg dynasty in 1599, Braunlage fell to the Dukes of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel.

In the 17th century it was a small Brunswick market town located in the western part of the former Blankenburg lands. Tourism developed from the late 19th century onwards, other branches of business were forestry and a large granite quarry at the Wurmberg. Around 1910, one of the first interurban bus lines ran from Bad Harzburg up to Braunlage, served by Büssing vehicles. The Wurmberg Ski Jumps were erected in 1922 (demolished in 2014). In 1934 Braunlage received town privileges and municipal status as a health resort.

After World War II, Braunlage was located close to the fortified inner German border which ran through the Harz mountains. In 1963 it became the location of the Wurmberg Gondola Lift, today with a length of 2.8 kilometres (1.7 mi) and a height difference of 400 m (1,300 ft) to the summit station the longest in Northern Germany. On 7 May 1964 Gerhard Zucker demonstrated a flight of mail rockets on the Hasselkopf hill. One of these rockets exploded, killing two spectators.

Since German reunification in 1990, Braunlage again is located in the centre of the Harz touristic region, however, it had to cope with growing competition by the neighbouring resorts in Saxony-Anhalt.

Demographics[edit]

Population statistics
Year Inhabitants
1821 1,691
1848 2,473
1871 2,288
1885 2,489
1905 3,408
1925 4,520
Year Inhabitants
1933 4,893
1939 4,981
1946 9,489
1950 9,334
1956 7,523
Year Inhabitants
1961 7,163
1968 7,716
1970 7,249
1975 7,266
1980 7,140
Year Inhabitants
1985 6,776
1990 6,148
1995 5,998
2000 5,476
2005 5,142

Politics[edit]

Wurmberg around 1900

Town council[edit]

Seats in the town council (Stadtrat) as of 2016 local elections:


Culture and sights[edit]

A museum of local history covers Braunlage's tradion as a health resort and official venue of the International Ski Federation (FIS). The townscape includes extended spa gardens

Sports[edit]

The local hockey team Harzer Wölfe is an important part of the northern German Ice Hockey Culture.

There were several ski jumps on the Wurmberg, which hosted international competitions such as the FIS Ski Jumping Continental Cup until 2011.

Sights[edit]

The Silberteich and the Hahnenkleeklippen on the way to Sankt Andreasberg are popular tourist destinations[citation needed].

The Dicke Tannen is a protected landscape of giant spruce trees near Hohegeiß.

References[edit]

External links[edit]