List of medals for bravery

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A medal awarded for bravery, commonly called a Medal of Bravery, Bravery Medal, or Medal of Valor is a type of medal, usually associated with military forces, police forces, or other public safety entities, given to personnel who have served with gallantry, often for those who have engaged in specific acts of bravery or valor. As a formal name in English, "Bravery Medal" may refer to:

In addition, several English-speaking nations have a medal called the "Medal of Bravery" or the "Medal of Valor", including Canada and Tanzania. The three Canadian Bravery Decorations were created in 1972, to recognize people who risked their lives to try to save or protect the lives of others: the Cross of Valour (C.V.) recognizes acts of the most conspicuous courage in circumstances of extreme peril; the Star of Courage (S.C.) recognizes acts of conspicuous courage in circumstances of great peril; and the Medal of Bravery (M.B.) recognizes acts of bravery in hazardous circumstances.[1] Non-English speaking nations which have or had a medal usually translated into English as "Bravery Medal" or "Medal of Bravery" include:

  • Albania - Medalja e Trimërisë (1945-82)
  • Austrian Empire and Austria-Hungary - Tapferkeitsmedaille or Medal for Bravery (Austria-Hungary), awarded from (1789-1918)
  • Belgium - Médaille pour acte de courage, de dévouement et d’humanité
  • Czechoslovakia – Medaile "Za chrabrost pred nepritelem" (Medal for Bravery Before the Enemy)
  • France - Médaille d’honneur pour acte de courage et de dévouement (Honour medal for courage and devotion)
  • German States:
    • Bavaria - officially the Militär-Verdienst Medaille (Military Merit Medal), but commonly referred to as the Tapferkeitsmedaille (1794-1918)
    • Saxe-Altenburg - Tapferkeitsmedaille (1915-18)
  • Hungary - Vitézségi Érem (1922-44)
  • Iran - Medal for Bravery
  • Iraq - Nut al-Shujat
  • Ireland - Comhairle na Míre Gaile
  • India - Param Vir Chakra
  • Montenegro - Медаља за храброст (1841-1918)
  • Saudi Arabia – Nut al-Shaja'at
  • Serbia – Medalja za hrabrost (1876-1918)
  • Thailand - เหรียญกล้าหาญ (The Bravery Medal) (1941-)
  • United Arab Emirates – Nut al-Shaja'at
  • Yugoslavia (Kingdom) - Medalja za hrabrost (1918-41)
  • Yugoslavia (SFRY) - Medalja za hrabrost (1943-91)

In addition, there are a number of other decorations of various countries which are customarily translated into English using other synonyms for bravery, but are occasionally translated as "bravery". These include the Soviet Medal "for Valor" and the Israeli Medal of Valor. Medals specifically including "valor" include:

See also[edit]