"The Bee Hive" (1936–41)
|Former names||National League Park
Boston University Field
and Babcock Street
Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
|Owner||Boston Braves / Bees|
|Operator||Boston Braves / Bees|
Left field – 337 ft (103 m)
Left-center – 355 ft (108 m)
Center field – 390 ft (119 m)
Right-center – 355 ft (108 m)
Right field – 319 ft (97 m)
|Broke ground||March 20, 1915|
|Opened||August 18, 1915
100 years ago
|Closed||September 21, 1952|
into Nickerson Field)
|Boston Braves / Bees (MLB) (1915–1952)
Boston Bulldogs (AFL) (1926)
Boston Bulldogs (NFL) (1929)
Boston Braves (NFL) (1932)
Boston Shamrocks (AFL) (1936–1937)
Boston Yanks (NFL) (1946, 1948)
Braves Field was a major league baseball park in the eastern United States, located in Boston, Massachusetts. The stadium was home of the Boston Braves of the National League from 1915–1952, prior to the Braves' move to Milwaukee in 1953.
Braves Field was also home to multiple professional football teams between 1929 and 1948, including the first home of the National Football League (NFL) franchise that became the Washington Redskins. The pro football Braves played at the ballpark in their inaugural season of 1932, then were at Fenway Park for four seasons as the Boston Redskins before the move south to Washington's Griffith Stadium in 1937.
On Commonwealth Avenue at Babcock Street, the baseball field was aligned northeast, much as the Red Sox' home, Fenway Park has been since it opened in April of 1912. Most of the stadium was demolished 60 years ago in 1955, but significant portions of the original structure still stand and make up part of the Nickerson Field sports complex on the campus of Boston University.
Nicknamed The Wigwam by fans, Braves Field was also known as The Bee Hive (or National League Park, formally) from 1936–1941, a period during which the owners changed the nickname of the team to the Boston Bees (the renaming of the team and stadium never took hold with the public, and were both eventually dropped). During this span, it hosted the fourth Major League Baseball All-Star Game in 1936.
Braves Field served as one of two homes (with Fenway Park) of the Boston Bulldogs of the first American Football League (in 1926) and the Boston Shamrocks of the second AFL (in 1936 and 1937). The National Football League's Pottsville Maroons were sold and relocated to Braves Field in 1929 as the Boston Bulldogs. It was also the home of a National Football League franchise which began in 1932 and also called itself the Boston Braves for one year. The next year, the team moved to Fenway Park and changed its name to the Redskins (which served the dual purpose of sounding like "Red Sox" and allowing the team to retain its Native American-logoed Braves uniforms). In 1937 the team transferred south to become the Washington Redskins. With its capacity to hold more fans than Fenway, Braves Field was actually used by the Red Sox in the 1915 and 1916 World Series; ironically, with Braves Field still under construction, the Braves had used Fenway for the World Series in 1914. The Boston Yanks played a few games at Braves Field when Fenway Park was unavailable.
The owner of the team at the time the stadium was built, James Gaffney, wanted to see the game played in a wide open field conducive to allowing numerous inside-the-park home runs. Thus, the stadium was built in what was, at the time, the outskirts of Boston, in a large rectangular plot, contrasting with the cozy and lopsided block containing Fenway Park. The stands were almost entirely in foul territory, leaving little in the outfield to which players could hit a home run into - with the fences over 400 feet (120 m) away down the lines and nearly 500 feet (150 m) to dead center, hitting the ball over the outer fences was all but impossible during the dead-ball era. A stiff breeze coming in from center field across the Charles River further lessened any chances of seeing home runs fly out of the park. The only possible target in the outfield was a small bleacher section, which came to be known as The Jury Box after a sportswriter noticed during one slow mid-week game that there were only twelve individuals sitting in the 2,000-seat stand. Ty Cobb visited the park and commented, "Nobody will ever hit a ball out of this park." The large foul ground area further favored the pitchers.
It took seven years and a livelier ball before a batter hit a home run that cleared the outer wall on the fly. New York Giants catcher, Frank Snyder, hit the first major league home run in the history of Braves Field in 1922 when he cleared the left field foul pole. Meanwhile, it remained a pitchers' park, perhaps never more so than on May 1, 1920, when Brooklyn Dodgers pitcher Leon Cadore and Braves pitcher Joe Oeschger locked horns for a pair of complete-game performances that went on for a still-record 26 innings. After all that work, the game ended in a 1-1 tie, called on account of darkness.
At the advent of the lively ball era, it became clear that the fans were unhappy with Gaffney's vision of how baseball should be played, and inner fences were built, and regularly moved, being moved in and out based on whims. The ownership of the team even went so far as to shift the entire field in a clockwise direction (towards right field) at one point.
After the Braves moved to Milwaukee just prior to the 1953 season, the scoreboard was moved to Kansas City Municipal Stadium, and Braves Field was sold to Boston University. The old ballpark was used as-is until 1955, when the university reconfigured the stands, demolishing all but the pavilion grandstand at the end of the right field line, which was retained as the core of a football, soccer, field hockey, and track-and-field stadium. The stadium was initially called Boston University Field and was later renamed Nickerson Field. Along with the pavilion, Gaffney's original outer wall was retained and the stadium's ticket office was converted into the university police station. The rest of the stadium structure was replaced by dormitories covering the former main grandstand; and the Case Physical Education Center, which houses Walter Brown Arena and Case Gym in the vicinity of what was the left field pavilion along Babcock Street. Of the various demolished Jewel Box ballparks, Braves Field probably has the largest proportion of visible remnants still standing.
As noted above the fences were moved repeatedly throughout the ballpark's existence, sometimes within a given season.
1915-21 Left field: 402; Left-center: 402.5 (1915), 396 (1916); Center field: 440; Right-center: 402; Right field: 402 (1915), 375 (1916)
1921-27 Left field: 375 (1921), 404 (1922), 403 (1926); Left-center: 402.42 (1921), 404 (1922), 402.5 (1926); Center field: 440; Right-center: 402; Right field: 365
1928-29 Left field: 353.5; Left-center: 330 (April 1928), 359 (July 1928); Center field: 387 (April 1928), 417 (July 1928), 387.17 (1929); Right-center: 402; Right field: 364 (1928), 297.75 (1929)
1930 Left field: 340; Left-center: 359; Center field: 394.5; Right-center: 402; Right field: 297.75
1931-32 Left field: 353.67; Left-center: 359; Center field: 387.25; Right-center: 402; Right field: 297.92
1933-35 Left field: 359 (1933), 353.67 (1934); Left-center: 359; Center field: 417; Right-center: 402; Right field: 364
1936-39 Left field: 368; Left-center: 359; Center field: 426 (1936), 407 (1937), 408 (1939); Right-center: 402; Right field: 297 (1936), 376 (1937), 378 (1938)
1940-1941 Left field: 350 (1940), 337 (1941); Left-center: 359; Center field: 385 (1940), 401 (1941); Right-center: 402; Right field: 350
1942-1943 Left field: 334 (1942), 340 (1943); Left-center: 365 (1942), 355 (1943); Center field: 375 (1942), 370 (1943); Right-center: 362 (1942), 355 (1943); Right field: 350 (1942), 340 (April 1943), 320 (July 1943)
1944-1945 Left field: 337; Left-center: 355; Center field: 390 (1944), 380 (1945); Right-center: 355; Right field: 340 (April 1944), 320 (May 1944)
1946-52 Left field: 337; Left-center: 355; Center field: 370 (1946), 318 (1947); Right-center: 355; Right field: 320 (1946), 320 (1947), 319 (1948)
Center field at the flag pole: 520
Deepest center field corner: 550 (1915), 401 (1942), 390 (1943)
Backstop: 75 (1915), 60 (1936)
- 40,000 (1915–1927)
- 46,500 (1928–1936)
- 41,700 (1937–1938)
- 45,000 (1939–1940)
- 37,746 (1941–1946)
- 36,706 (1947)
- 37,106 (1948–1954)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Braves Field.|
- Lost Ballparks, by Lawrence Ritter
- Green Cathedrals, by Phil Lowry
- Ballparks of North America, by Michael Benson
- Baseball Uniforms of the 20th Century, by Marc Okkonen
- Ballparks.com – Braves Field
- 1953 home movie of the abandoned stadium
- Facts and photos of Braves Field – BallparkTour.com
|Events and tenants|
|Home of the Boston Braves
Milwaukee County Stadium
|Home of the Boston Redskins
|Host of the All-Star Game