|City of Brawley|
City Hall of Brawley
Location in Imperial County and the state of California
|Incorporated||April 6, 1908|
|• Total||7.682 sq mi (19.895 km2)|
|• Land||7.682 sq mi (19.895 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2) 0%|
|Elevation||-112 ft (-34 m)|
|Population (April 1, 2010)|
|• Estimate (2013)||25,558|
|• Density||3,200/sq mi (1,300/km2)|
|Time zone||Pacific Time Zone (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC-7)|
|GNIS feature IDs||1656443, 2409893|
Brawley (formerly, Braly) is a city in Imperial County, California, United States. Brawley is located 13 miles (21 km) north of El Centro. It is located about 70 miles west of Yuma, Arizona, 95 miles southeast of Palm Springs and 130 miles east of San Diego. The population was 24,953 at the 2010 census, up from 22,052 in 2000. The town has a significant cattle and feed industry, and hosts the annual Cattle Call Rodeo. Year-round agriculture is an important economic activity in Brawley. Summer daytime temperatures often exceed 105 °F (41 °C).
The Imperial Land Company laid out the town in 1902 and named it Braly in honor of J.H. Braly, who owned the land. After Braly refused to permit the use of his name, the name was changed to Brawley. The first post office at Brawley opened in 1903.
Incorporated in 1908, it was a "tent city" of only 100 persons involved in railroads and the earliest introduction of agriculture. It had a population of 11,922 in 1950, but population growth was slow from the 1960s to the early 1990s.
According to the United States Census Bureau, Brawley has a total area of 7.7 square miles (20 km2), all land.
At the 2000 census, the city had a total area of 5.8 square miles (15 km2), all land except for the Alamo and New Rivers that pass through the town (the latter of which has been reported as the most polluted river in North America). Brawley's elevation (like other Imperial Valley towns) is below sea level.
Average January temperatures in Brawley are a high of 69.4 °F (20.8 °C) and a low of 38.9 °F (3.8 °C). Average July temperatures are a high of 107.6 °F (42.0 °C) and a low of 75.2 °F (24.0 °C). On average, 173.0 days of the year have highs of 90 °F (32 °C) or higher. The record high temperature was 122 °F (50 °C) on July 1, 1950, and the record low temperature was 4 °F (−16 °C) on January 1, 1919.
Average annual precipitation is 2.65 inches (6.7 cm) with an average of 13 days with measurable precipitation. The wettest year was 1939 with 8.18 inches (20.8 cm). There have been no years when no measurable precipitation fell in Brawley. The most rainfall in one month was 6.75 inches (17.1 cm) in September 1939. The most rainfall in 24 hours was 3.90 inches (9.9 cm) on October 10, 1932. A rare snowfall in December 1932 brought a total of 3.0 inches (7.6 cm).
The 2010 United States Census reported that Brawley had a population of 24,953. The population density was 3,248.4 people per square mile (1,254.2/km²). The racial makeup of Brawley was 13,570 (54.4%) White, 510 (2.0%) African American, 241 (1.0%) Native American, 349 (1.4%) Asian, 32 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 9,258 (37.1%) from other races, and 993 (4.0%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 20,344 persons (81.5%).
The Census reported that 24,779 people (99.3% of the population) lived in households, 63 (0.3%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 111 (0.4%) were institutionalized.
There were 7,623 households, out of which 3,827 (50.2%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 3,932 (51.6%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 1,560 (20.5%) had a female householder with no husband present, 543 (7.1%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 589 (7.7%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 23 (0.3%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 1,346 households (17.7%) were made up of individuals and 550 (7.2%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.25. There were 6,035 families (79.2% of all households); the average family size was 3.67.
The population was spread out with 8,138 people (32.6%) under the age of 18, 2,670 people (10.7%) aged 18 to 24, 6,065 people (24.3%) aged 25 to 44, 5,572 people (22.3%) aged 45 to 64, and 2,508 people (10.1%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30.2 years. For every 100 females there were 94.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.2 males.
There were 8,231 housing units at an average density of 1,071.5 per square mile (413.7/km²), of which 3,970 (52.1%) were owner-occupied, and 3,653 (47.9%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.0%; the rental vacancy rate was 8.0%. 12,950 people (51.9% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 11,829 people (47.4%) lived in rental housing units.
As of the census of 2000, there were 22,052 people, 6,631 households, and 5,265 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,783.0 people per square mile (1,460.4/km²). There were 7,038 housing units at an average density of 1,207.4 per square mile (466.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 52.8% White, 2.5% Black or African American, 1.1% Native American, 1.3% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 37.9% from other races, and 4.3% from two or more races. 73.8% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 6,631 households out of which 48.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.0% were married couples living together, 17.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.6% were non-families. 17.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.3 and the average family size was 3.7.
In the city the population was spread out with 34.5% under the age of 18, 9.6% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 18.1% from 45 to 64, and 9.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 96.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.5 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $31,277, and the median income for a family was $35,514. Males had a median income of $34,617 versus $25,064 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,881. About 22.5% of families and 26.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34.0% of those under age 18 and 14.1% of those age 65 or over.
Brawley is in the 4th Imperial County Board of Supervisors District and is represented by Ryan Kelley.
Major employers in Brawley include Pioneers Memorial Hospital, and Clinicas de Salud del Pueblo.
- High-school age students in both Brawley and neighboring Westmorland use the Brawley Union High School District, of which there is one high school, Brawley Union High School.
- Brawley also offers Desert Valley High School (10th, 11th and 12th grades), Renaissance (9th and 10th grade), and Del Rio (10th, 11th and 12th grade) all three High Schools.
- Brawley is also home to Brawley Christian Academy, a private institution.
- Children from kindergarten through eighth grade use the Brawley Elementary School District. There are five schools in the Brawley Elementary School District: Barbara Worth Junior High School (serving 7th and 8th grades), Phil D. Swing Elementary School (serving kindergarten, 4th, 5th, and 6th grades), Miguel Hidalgo Elementary School (serving kindergarten, 4th, 5th, and 6th grades), J.W. Oakley Elementary School (serving kindergarten, 1st, 2nd, and 3rd grades), and Myron D. Witter Elementary School (serving kindergarten, 1st, 2nd, and 3rd grades).
- Brawley is located in the Imperial Community College District of which there is one junior college, Imperial Valley College.
- San Diego State University operates a satellite campus in Brawley.
Brawley maintains its own police and fire departments.
- Helen Fabela Chávez, Labor Leader
- Bob Cohee, Arkansas politician, born in Brawley in 1938
- Sid Monge, MLB pitcher
- Barbara O'Brien, Lieutenant Governor of Colorado
- Sergio Romo, MLB relief pitcher, San Francisco Giants
- Rudy Seánez, MLB relief pitcher, Philadelphia Phillies
- Steve Taylor, contemporary Christian singer
- Mike Mohamed, NFL linebacker, Houston Texans
- The Bella Twins, Professional Wrestlers
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- Durham, David L. (1998). California's Geographic Names: A Gazetteer of Historic and Modern Names of the State. Clovis, Calif.: Word Dancer Press. p. 1398. ISBN 1-884995-14-4.
- Calexico New River Committee (CNRC)
- "BRAWLEY 2 SW, CALIFORNIA (041048) : Period of Record Monthly Climate Summary : Period of Record : 5/6/1910 to 9/30/2007", Western Regional Climate Center, NOAA, National Climatic Data Center, National Weather Service
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
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- "Senators". State of California. Retrieved April 8, 2013.
- "Members Assembly". State of California. Retrieved April 8, 2013.
- "California's 51st Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved April 8, 2013.
- Major Employers in Imperial County