Brays Oaks, Houston
Brays Oaks is a district in Houston, Texas, United States. The Brays Oaks Management District (BOMD), also known as the Harris County Improvement District #5, governs the district. Much of the district includes the Fondren Southwest community. Other areas in the district include Westbury. Fondren Southwest includes many apartment complexes.
In the late 1970s and early 1980s many apartments opened in an 8 square miles (21 km2) area then known as Fondren Southwest. The community was mostly White and Jewish. The newly established apartments attracted young, White professionals who were leaving Stella Link and other declining areas. The area economy benefited from the increase in population, and many expensive restaurants and strip malls opened in Fondren Southwest. At one time many members of the Houston Rockets and other sports teams resided in the Northfield subdivision, which was among the outermost parts of the city in 1974, in Fondren Southwest.
In the mid-1980s the oil-based economy collapsed. Property values decreased and apartment complexes began to decline. The young professionals left the apartments. The expensive restaurants left the area, since the young professionals left. The owners of the apartments lowered rent rates and offered "free move-in" specials. Many poor African-American and Hispanic families moved into units originally designated for singles and couples. Apartment complexes failed and received foreclosure. Many apartments had changed of ownership around every two years; the out of state owners were more interested in maximizing profits and less interested in the maintenance of the complexes. In the late 1980s the White population decreased and the Black and Hispanic populations increased.
By the mid-1990s property values in the area began to increase and several middle class minorities moved into Fondren Southwest. Around the 2000s Orthodox Jewish congregations moved to Fondren Southwest. In 2005 Houston City Council Member Mark Goldberg and Jim Myers, head of the nonprofit group Southwest Houston 2000 Inc., lobbied the state government, asking the state to create what was originally called the Fondren Ranch Management District. In June 2005 the 79th Texas Legislature created the Brays Oaks Management District in the area.
In 2005 residents of an area at the intersection of Beltway 8 and West Bellfort Road protested against the construction of a proposed trash transfer station. The area sits on a landfill previously used by the cities of Bellaire and West University Place.
In 2009 the district began a $250,000 master plan to increase identification of the area and to beautify esplanades. Ten 800-pound (360 kg) boulders were placed in the district esplanades beginning on January 22, 2009.
In 2011 the district expanded in size.
The district, entirely within the City of Houston and Harris County, has 15 square miles (39 km2) of territory, centered on the historical Fondren Southwest area. The district is bounded by Interstate 69/U.S. Route 59, Bissonnet Road, U.S. Route 90A/Main Street, and South Post Oak. As of 2011 it has about 73,000 residents in about 2,700 households. Several subdivisions, including Braeburn Valley West, Glenshire, and Westbury are in Brays Oaks. The district expanded in size in 2011.
Originally, the district had about 9 square miles (23 km2) of land. It was bounded by Interstate 69/U.S. Route 59, Brays Bayou, Hillcroft Avenue, and U.S. Route 90A (South Main), including areas within the City of Houston and excluding areas within the Westbury subdivision. In 2005 what would become the original boundaries include 37 neighborhoods with about 12,000 single-family houses. It also included about 76 apartment complexes with over 15,000 units. The original Fondren Southwest area has the boundaries of South Braeswood, U.S. 90A, Hillcroft, and I-69/U.S. 59. Most apartments in Fondren Southwest have between 300 and 400 units. Lori Rodriguez of the Houston Chronicle said that many of them "bear names evocative of more idyllic times: Sandpiper. Rainy Meadows."
Originally the only residential establishments in Fondren Southwest were houses. Gessner Road was a dirt road, and the pavement along South Braeswood Boulevard ended at Fondren Road. Ruth Hurst, a resident quoted in the Houston Chronicle, said "It was like living in the middle of the city, but in the country".
In 1990, of the housing facilities in Fondren Southwest community, 60% were multifamily facilities, and 40% were single family facilities. Of the housing units, 54% were occupied by renters, 31% were occupied by owners, and the remainder were vacant. In 1997 Fondren Southwest had about 60 apartment complexes. Many of the apartment complexes were not designed to house children.
As of 2005 the area that would become the original Brays Oaks district boundaries had between 200 and 300 businesses. State of Texas guidelines consider apartment complexes to be commercial businesses, so the figure includes apartment complexes. Foodarama has its corporate headquarters in Store #1 in Brays Oaks.
In the late 1980s the White population in the Fondren Southwest area decreased from 74 percent to 41 percent. During the same decade the African-American population increased from 14 percent to 41 percent and the Hispanic population increased from 8 percent to 21 percent. Between the 1990 U.S. Census and the 2000 U.S. Census, Fondren Southwest finished shifting from a mostly White and Jewish community to a mostly Black community. The black population increased from 22,942 to 36,625, a 60% increase. The White population decreased from 23,994 to 13,328, a 44% decrease.
Government and infrastructure
The Brays Oaks Towers, located at 10101 and 10103 Fondren Road at Dumfries, contain various agencies and services for the community; the management district is headquartered in Suite 301 at 10103 Fondren. The two structures, each with five stories and 100,000 square feet (9,300 m2) of space, opened in 1981 as Chancellor Atrium 1 and 2. Rockwell Management, operating as Brays Oaks Towers LP, purchased them in September 2006. After a multimillion-dollar renovation the towers re-opened in June 2007. They were the first commercial buildings to be redeveloped in the area in two decades.
Most of Braes Oaks is within Houston City Council District K. Portions are within districts C and J. In the 2000s all of what is now Brays Oaks was in District C. In the 1990s almost all of it was in district C, with a small portion in District F.
Most of Brays Oaks is served by the Houston Police Department's South Gessner Division (formerly Fondren Patrol Division), with headquarters at 11168 Fondren Road in Brays Oaks. In 1992 what is now the Fondren Patrol Division was a storefront under the jurisdiction of the Southwest Patrol Division, headquartered on Beechnut Street outside of Brays Oaks. In 1998 the Fondren Patrol division had been established. On September 13, 2010, the City of Houston held a groundbreaking for the new Fondren Police Station. The station, which will house 176 police officers and serve about 124,000 Houston residents, is scheduled to be completed by August 2011. The Houston City Council approved $6.3 million for the construction of the new police station. The Fondren Patrol Division operates the Braeburn Storefront Station at 10101 Fondren, also in Brays Oaks. The storefront relocated there from a previous location. The current station opened on Wednesday October 12, 2011. A portion of Brays Oaks is served by the Southwest Patrol Division. The Westbury Storefront Station is a part of the Southwest Patrol District.
The Houston Fire Department operates Station 82 Fondren Southwest at 11250 Braesridge; it is a part of Fire District 68. Station 82 was built in 1995. It also operates Fire Station 48 Westbury, located in Fire District 59.
The crime in Fondren Southwest largely affected apartment complexes, with homeowner subdivisions largely unaffected.
After the mid-1980s apartment complex managers lowered leasing standards and allowed known drug dealers, gang members, and individuals described by Craig Malislow of the Houston Press as "undesireables" to rent rooms. Several gangs, such as the 8900 Gang, the Latinos, and the Southwest Cholos, marked complexes as their territory. Innocent individuals died from stray bullets and deliberate shots from gang members. In the early 1990s residents of area subdivisions and apartment owners began to resist the increase in crime. Apartment managers began to screen tenants, add off-duty police patrols, and add additional security measures. Residential groups, police officers, and apartment managers began sharing information to prevent crime.
In the 1990s Residents of the Southmeadow subdivision sued the owners of the West Fondren and Village of the Green complexes for negligence in allowing crime in the area to increase since the complex owners failed to adequately screen tenants, did not hire security guards, and did not provide proper lighting. The residents collected a multimillion-dollar settlement, bought out the apartment complexes, and had them demolished. By 1998 the Fondren Patrol Division had been established and advocates from Fondren Southwest pressured the city government to assist them in preventing crime. Because of the upgrade the division received its own anti-gang unit.
In 2002 Lieutenant Greg Femin, the acting supervisor of the Fondren substation, said that the crime rates Fondren Southwest area had not improved as much as the Greenspoint area had due to economics; many apartment complexes still had $99 move-in specials and, as stated by Craig Mallislow of the Houston Press, Fondren Southwest complexes "rush to rent to virtually anyone." During that year the Fondren Southwest crime statistics showed an overall reduction from the statistics from one decade earlier. Aggravated assault, automobile theft, burglary, and robbery had increased from 2000 to 2001. By 2002 the rate of sexual offenses had never decreased from the 82 reported in 1991. In 2001 the 120 reported sexual offenses were the second-highest recorded in the category in a ten-year span. Femin said that the increases in the crime rates are due to a post-September 11 attacks willingness to report crime instead of a true increase in crime.
In 2005 the City of Houston closed a pool hall and sports bar, Breakers I, in Fondren Southwest after neighbors complained about a spillover of violence into the surrounding communities. In 2006 the Brays Oaks district and the Fondren Patrol combined efforts to stop graffiti. Brays Oaks contracted the gang abatement crew of the East End Management District. Martin Chavez, the head of the gang abatement crew, said that La Primera and Sureños, Mexican-American gangs, tagged sites to promote their messages. During the same year, the Houstone Tango Blast surfaced in the Fondren Southwest area. In 2007 ten Texas Southern University students did a study on the Fondren Southwest area. They concluded that an excess supply of apartment complex units was the main cause of crime, a lack of pride in the community, and unsupervised children. They also concluded that the oversupply was the reason why many apartment units were of a low quality, poorly maintained, and/or vacant.
Primary and secondary schools
Elementary schools within Brays Oaks and serving Brays Oaks include Anderson, Bell, Elrod, Foerster, Gross, McNamara, Milne, Parker, Tinsley, and Valley West. Bonham Elementary School in Sharpstown serves a small section of Brays Oaks. Halpin Early Childhood Center has the Kindergarten classes feeding into Tinsley.
Two middle schools in Brays Oaks, Fondren Middle School and Welch Middle School, serve sections of Brays Oaks. Other HISD middle schools serving sections of Brays Oaks include Meyerland Performing and Visual Arts Middle School (formerly Johnston Middle School) and Sugar Grove Middle School. Persons in portions assigned to Meyerland Middle are eligible for Pin Oak Middle School.
Areas south of West Bellfort Street and east of Fondren Road are zoned to Westbury High School in Brays Oaks, while most other areas are zoned to Sharpstown High School. A small portion is zoned to Bellaire High School.
A small portion is within the Alief Independent School District. Residents are zoned to Best Elementary School, Klentzman Intermediate School, and Olle Middle School. High school attendance is chosen by a computer lottery, which can result in the student going to Alief Elsik High School, Alief Hastings High School or Alief Taylor High School.
YES Prep, a state charter school provider, operates the Yes Prep Brays Oaks middle school. Other charter schools include Meyerpark Elementary, Varnet Charter, Girls and Boys Prep, and La Amistad Academy.
History of schools
Westbury High School opened in 1961. Elrod opened in 1964. Fondren Middle School opened in 1966; afterwards the Fondren family donated land for an access road into the school. Foerster opened in 1967. Sharpstown Junior–Senior High School opened in 1968; the following year the school split into Sharpstown Middle School, in the existing campus, and Sharpstown High School, on a new campus. Bell opened in 1978. Welch opened in 1979. In the 1980s area schools became overcrowded as more students moved in. Enrollments in area schools increased when several adults-only apartments began allowing children to live in them. For instance, Elrod's enrollment had increased steadily from 1983 onwards. In 1986 Elrod served Maplewood South and ten apartment complexes; none of the complexes existed when Elrod was originally built. In 1986 the Elrod administration expected to receive 800 students for the upcoming school year; 974 appeared on the first day of school. In 1988 Gordon re-opened to take overflow students for Elrod and one other school.
Milne opened in 1991. In August 1996 Valley West opened in ten classrooms in the Sugar Grove Elementary School campus. HISD purchased a former Food Lion building in what is now Brays Oaks and began remodeling it. Valley West moved into the former grocery store in July 1997. Halpin was dedicated during that year. Argyle Elementary School, occupying a former skating rink opened in a shopping center in 1999; it expanded by taking spaces formerly held by church offices, a dollar store, and a fitness equipment store. In fall 2001 Gross opened in the campus formerly occupied by I. Weiner Jewish Secondary School, now The Emery/Weiner School. Gross was named after real estate developer Jenard M. Gross, who owned and operated over 14,000 apartment units in various U.S. states. Argyle closed in May 2005. Sugar Grove in Sharpstown received a grade 5-6 attendance boundary in 2009.
When the management district expanded in 2011, Anderson Elementary School, McNamara Elementary School, Parker Elementary School, Westbury High School, Meyerpark Elementary, and Varnet Charter became a part of the management district.
Gordon Elementary School in the City of Bellaire served as a relief school for Elrod and Milne in Fondren Southwest/Brays Oaks and two elementary schools in Gulfton. until it was converted into a Mandarin immersion school in 2012.
Houston Public Library operates the Morris Frank HPL Express Library in the Brays Oaks Towers. The branch relocated there from a standalone location. The branch is located in a 12,000-square-foot (1,100 m2) section within one half of the first floor of 10103 Fondren Road.
The original 17,000-square-foot (1,600 m2) Frank Neighborhood Library opened in 1983. In 2005 about 2.5 million dollars in funds were approved to overhaul the branch. Shortly afterwards library officials found that the location was within a Harris County floodplain. Wendy Hegar, the assistant director for planning and facilities at the Houston Public Library, said that in order to keep using the original location, the library system would have had to spend millions of dollars to raise the floor of the facility by one foot or to build a 2-foot-tall (0.61 m) concrete flood wall. Jim Myers, the community services director of the Brays Oaks District, said that the building would have had to have been raised by 18 inches in order for the library system to keep using it. Instead the city decided to relocate into the Brays Oaks Towers, spending around $3.9 million. Sandra Fernandez, a spokesperson for Houston Public Library, said that the estimated cost to build a new standalone library branch was 6 to 7 million dollars. The $2.5 million originally earmarked for the standalone Frank library was moved to a different project. The City of Houston entered into a 10-year lease to occupy space in the Brays Oaks Towers. By December 2009 the former Frank library facility was for sale.
HPL Express Frank was scheduled to have around half of the 90,000 items in the standalone Frank Neighborhood Library. The standalone Frank library had about 105,000 visitors in the fiscal year 2007. In the Brays Oaks Towers location, contractors rebuilt the space to prepare the housing of a library branch, adding a separate air conditioning system, additional electrical infrastructure, additional toilets, and a redesign of the layout of the space. Etan Mirwis, president of Houston-based property management company Rockwell Management Corp, which owns the Brays Oaks Towers complex, said that he saw the addition of the library branch as a potential for his complex, as he believed several businesses considering whether to move into the complex would view the presence of the library as a benefit.
Parks and recreation
The district gained more parks when it expanded in 2011.
Marian Park and Community Center is located on South Gessner Road. The community center includes a fitness center, an indoor gymnasium, meeting rooms, and a volleyball court. The park includes an outdoor basketball pavilion, a .25 mile hike and bicycle trail, a playground, and a lighted sports field. Other minicipal parks include Braeburn Glen Park, Chimney Rock Park, Hagar Park, Haviland Park, Glenshire Park, Willow Waterhole, and Westbury Park. In addition, the Westbury Civi Club operates the Westbury Community Garden.
In regards to Fondren Southwest, Lori Rodriguez said in 1997, "Green space is at a premium; free recreational facilities, almost nil. Hundreds of latch-key children of single, working mothers wander the streets with nothing to do; nowhere to go." It is clear the Parks and Recreation Department allows the private organizations to monopolize Park space. The Residents of Houston are subsidizing private organizations to charge the public cash enrollment fees to have their children participate in these athletic programs or block the use of the athletic fields from residents. The City Council is aware and because of contributions to the special interests nothing is ever investigated. All that needs to be done; pull permits and the listings of Friends of "insert" park.
The logo adopted by the district includes an oak tree with several branches, water, and a yellow sun. The tree represents strength. Its branches represent the partners of the Brays Oaks community. The tree roots represent what the district says is the commitment to the community from its partners. The water represents the Brays Bayou. The sun represents what the district calls the "community’s commitment to its revitalization."
Notable residents of Fondren Southwest:
- José Cruz (Northfield subdivision)
- Rudy Tomjanovich (Northfield subdivision)
- Don Wilson (Northfield subdivision)
- Malislow, Craig. "Moving On." Houston Press. October 17, 2002. 1. Retrieved on August 12, 2009.
- "History & Demographics." Brays Oaks Management District. Retrieved on October 23, 2011.
- Rodriguez, Lori. "A HALF-EMPTY, HALF-FULL WORLD/They want a neighborhood that they all can live with/Common ground is rare for Fondren Southwest." Houston Chronicle. Sunday May 25, 1997. A1. Retrieved on December 30, 2011.
- Malislow, Craig. "Moving On." Houston Press. October 17, 2002. 2. Retrieved on August 12, 2009.
- "SN #36." City of Houston. Retrieved on August 17, 2009.
- Colley, Jenna. "Fondren lobbies for management district." Houston Business Journal. Friday March 18, 2005. Retrieved on August 10, 2009.
- Home page. Brays Oaks Management District. Retrieved on August 10, 2009. "The boundaries are from Hillcroft Avenue on the east to US 59 on the west; Brays Bayou is the northern boundary and US 90A/Main Street our southern edge. The District is entirely in Houston and Harris County, Texas, as well as in the City of Houston’s Council District C. None of the District includes any of the Westbury subdivision."
- Kilday, Anne Marie. "Southwest Houston residents protest proposed trash station." Houston Chronicle. Friday July 2, 2004. Retrieved on October 23, 2011.
- Martin, Betty L. "SOUTHWEST HOUSTON / Boulders placed in area esplanades / Brays Oaks Management District gets formal dedication." Houston Chronicle. Thursday January 29, 2009. Retrieved on August 10, 2009.
- "Parks & Recreation." Brays Oaks. Retrieved on October 23, 2011.
- "Enroll_Expansion.pdf." Brays Oaks Management District. Retrieved on October 23, 2011.
- "Contact Us." Foodarama. Retrieved on December 1, 2011. "Mailing Address 10810 South Post Oak Rd. Houston, Tx 77035."
- "Locations." Foodarama. Retrieved on December 1, 2011. "Foodarama 1" and "10810 S Post Oak Rd Houston 77035"
- "Brays Oaks District." Brays Oaks. Retrieved on October 23, 2011.
- Rodriguez, Lori. "THE CENSUS / Census study: White flight soars / UH analysis spots segregation trend." Houston Chronicle. Sunday April 15, 2001. A1. Retrieved on December 30, 2011.
- Hall, Christine. "Office building redevelopment first in 20 years for Brays Oaks." Houston Business Journal. Friday June 1, 2007. Retrieved on August 10, 2009.
- City of Houston, Council District Maps, District K." City of Houston. Retrieved on November 5, 2011.
- City of Houston, Council District Maps, District C." City of Houston. Retrieved on November 5, 2011.
- City of Houston, Council District Maps, District J." City of Houston. Retrieved on November 5, 2011.
- "City of Houston Council District "C"." City of Houston. April 15, 2003. Retrieved on November 7, 2011.
- "map3.gif." City of Houston. February 11, 1997. Retrieved on November 7, 2011.
- "Crime Statistics for Fondren Patrol Division." City of Houston. Retrieved on November 29, 2008.
- "Volunteer Initiatives Program - Citizens Offering Police Support." City of Houston. Retrieved on September 23, 2008.
- Malislow, Craig. "Moving On." Houston Press. October 17, 2002. 3. Retrieved on August 12, 2009.
- Malislow, Craig. "Moving On." Houston Press. October 17, 2002. 4. Retrieved on August 12, 2009.
- "HPD Celebrates Groundbreaking of New Fondren Police Station." City of Houston. September 13, 2010. Retrieved on October 3, 2010.
- "HPD Fondren Police Station." Houston Police Department. Retrieved on October 3, 2010.
- "HPD Opens Doors to Community’s New Police Station." Brays Oaks. October 14, 2011. Retrieved on October 23, 2011.
- "Crime Statistics for Southwest Patrol Division." City of Houston. Retrieved on August 11, 2009.
- "Police Stations and Neighborhood Storefronts." City of Houston. Retrieved on October 23, 2011.
- "Fire Stations." Houston Fire Department. Retrieved on August 12, 2009.
- "Fire Station 82." City of Houston. Retrieved on May 8, 2010.
- "Fire Stations." Houston Police Department. Retrieved on May 8, 2010.
- Kilday, Anne Marie. "Club's closing draws rave reviews / Breakers I in Fondren area to shut doors by end of the week." Houston Chronicle. Thursday December 29, 2005. ThisWeek 1. Retrieved on October 23, 2011.
- Friedberg, Jennifer. "Police and management district tag up to fight graffiti / In six weeks, 119 sites have been abated by HPD, Brays Oaks." Houston Chronicle. Thursday June 15, 2006. ThisWeek 7. Retrieved on August 15, 2009.
- Kumar, Seshadri. "FONDREN SOUTHWEST / New gang emerges as a threat / HPD officer updates southwest residents on rise of Tango Blast." Houston Chronicle. Thursday November 30, 2006. ThisWeek 8. Retrieved on October 23, 2011.
- Kumar, Seshadri. "TSU students study causes of problems in Fondren Southwest." Houston Chronicle. Tuesday June 12, 2007. Retrieved on October 2, 2011.
- "Anderson Elementary Attendance Zone." Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on October 23, 2011.
- "Bell Elementary Attendance Zone." Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on August 10, 2009.
- "Elrod Elementary Attendance Zone." Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on August 10, 2009.
- "Foerster Elementary Attendance Zone." Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on August 10, 2009.
- "Gross Elementary Attendance Zone." Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on August 10, 2009.
- "McNamara Elementary Attendance Zone." Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on August 10, 2009.
- "Milne Elementary Attendance Zone." Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on August 10, 2009.
- "Parker Elementary Attendance Zone." Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on October 23, 2011.
- "Valley West Elementary Attendance Zone." Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on August 10, 2009.
- "Bonham Elementary Attendance Zone." Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on August 19, 2009.
- "School Histories: the Stories Behind the Names." Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on August 11, 2009.
- "Fondren Middle Attendance Zone." Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on August 10, 2009.
- "Welch Middle Attendance Zone." Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on August 10, 2009.
- "Johnston Middle Attendance Zone." Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on October 23, 2011.
- "Sugar Grove Elementary Middle Attendance Zone." Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on August 10, 2009.
- "Pin Oak Middle School." The Southwest District. Houston Independent School District.
- "Westbury High School Attendance Zone." Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on August 10, 2009.
- "Sharpstown High School Attendance Zone." Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on August 10, 2009.
- "Bellaire High School Attendance Zone." Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on October 23, 2011.
- "Elementary Attendance Boundary Map." Alief Independent School District. Retrieved on October 23, 2011.
- "Intermediate Attendance Boundary Map." Alief Independent School District. Retrieved on October 23, 2011.
- "Middle Attendance Boundary Map." Alief Independent School District. Retrieved on October 23, 2011.
- "2010-2011 Alief ISD Registration Times, Dates, & Requirements." Alief Independent School District. Retrieved on October 16, 2011. "Students receive their assignments to Elsik, Hastings, or Taylor High School by means of a computerized random-draw system. Following the draw assignment, those who are interested in attending Kerr High School may apply for admission"
- "Welcome to YES Prep Brays Oaks: An ISSN Partner School." YES Prep. Retrieved on July 18, 2011. "The Brays Oaks Campus 9000 West Bellfort Houston, TX 77031"
- Hurst, Deborah. "Classrooms running out/HISD is in a tight spot." Houston Chronicle. December 2, 186. Section 1, Page 14. Retrieved on December 13, 2008.
- "STUDENT HANDBOOK." Jenard M. Gross Elementary. 3. Retrieved on November 9, 2011.
- "AGENDA REVIEW FOR THE MAY 13, 2009 BOARD MEETING." Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on August 20, 2009.
- "HISD Mandarin Chinese Immersion Magnet School." Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on August 4, 2012.
- "Morris Frank Library a HPL Express Location." Houston Public Library. Retrieved on August 10, 2009.
- "Hours/Locations." Houston Public Library. April 17, 1999. Retrieved on August 10, 2009.
- "SOUTHWEST HOUSTON / Frank library to move, reopen in the fall."Houston Chronicle. June 19, 2008. Accessed July 12, 2008.
- Wooten, Casey. "Vacant retail, office spaces subject to ‘adaptive re-use’." Houston Business Journal. Friday June 5, 2009. 2. Retrieved on March 10, 2010.
- Sarnoff, Nancy. "Lakewood may buy former Compaq Center." Houston Chronicle. December 3, 2009. Retrieved on December 4, 2009.
- Connelly, Richard. "Houston Public Library, energy policy, Houston Chronicle, blogging." Houston Press. June 20, 2007. Retrieved on August 16, 2009.
- Downing, Margaret. "Judging Books and Their Covers." Houston Press. August 21, 2007. 2. Retrieved on August 11, 2009.
- "Marian Community Center." City of Houston. Retrieved on August 21, 2009.