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Brazil–Russia relations (Russian: Российско-бразильские отношения or Бразильско-российские отношения, Portuguese: relações entre Brasil e Rússia) have seen a significant improvement in recent years, characterized by an increasing commercial trade and cooperation in military and technology segments. Today, Brazil shares an important alliance with Russia, with partnerships in areas such as space and military technologies as well as telecommunications.
The first diplomatic relations between Brazil and Russia started in 1828. Brazil and the USSR established diplomatic relations on April 2, 1945. Brazil maintained a neutral, but distant, relationship with the Soviet Union during the Cold War. Their bilateral relations were limited to commercial trade and cooperation agreements of minimal importance. With the fall of the Soviet Union and the subsequent birth of the Russian Federation, talks between the two nations increased, leading to the Brazil-Russia Cooperation Treaty signed on November 21, 1997.
In 2001, a high-level committee headed by the former Vice-President of Brazil, Marco Maciel, and the Prime minister of Russia, Mikhail Kasyanov, established several long-term bilateral treaties, initiating a strategic partnership between the two countries, and creating the Brazilian-Russian Governmental Commission.
Continuing that path, the former Vice-President of Brazil, José Alencar, traveled to Moscow on September 2003, to meet with Russian President Vladimir Putin and his senior cabinet members. The two countries signed the Brazil-Russia Military Technology and Transfer Pact, an important agreement in the area of space technology, missile defense, and military weapons transfer.
On October 18, 2005, during a state visit of President Lula to Moscow, Silva and Putin signed the bilateral Brazil-Russia Strategic Alliance. As well as an agreement that made it possible for the Brazilian Space Agency to send the first Brazilian astronaut, Marcos Pontes, into space aboard Soyuz TMA-8.
On November 26, 2008, during a state visit of President Dmitry Medvedev to Brazil, the two countries signed agreements on visa exemption, and cooperation in the aerospace, nuclear and defense industries.
The second BRIC summit was held in Brasília, following the first in Russia.
Brazil has an embassy in Moscow and Russia has an embassy in Brasilia.
Common membership in international organisations
BIS • BRICS • IAEA • IBRD • ICAO • ICRM • IDA • IFC • IFRCS • IHO • ILO • IMF • IMO • Inmarsat • Intelsat • Interpol • IOC • IOM • ISO • ITU • LAIA • NSG • PCA • UN • UNCTAD • UNESCO • UNHCR • UNIDO • UNITAR • UNTAET • UNWTO • UPU • WCO • WHO • WIPO • WMO
- "Publics Worldwide Unfavorable Toward Putin, Russia". Pew Research Center. November 30, 2017.
- "Biblioteca Mário de Andrade recebe "Um Domingo na Rússia"". Prefeitura de São Paulo (in Portuguese). 14 November 2018. Retrieved 15 November 2018.
- RT Today,Russia and Brazil agree to visa-free travel Archived January 16, 2009, at the Wayback Machine., 26.11.2008
- Reuters, Russia's Medvedev in Brazil, aims to double trade, 25.11.2008
- "The Return of the Bear? Russian Military Engagement in Latin America: The Case of Brazil". Military Review. Dall'Agnol, A. C.; Zabolotsky, B. P.; Mielnieczuk, F. (2018).
- "As Relações Russo-Brasileiras" (PDF) (in Portuguese). Revista Brasileira de Política Internacional. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-05-06.
- "Aliança com a Rússia" (in Portuguese). Defesa BR. Archived from the original on 2012-03-02. Retrieved 2007-05-06.
- "The Magazine of Future Warfare". World Powers. Archived from the original on 2007-04-22. Retrieved 2007-05-06.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Brazil–Russia relations.|
- The Sino-Brazilian Principles in a Latin American and BRICS Context: The Case for Comparative Public Budgeting Legal Research Wisconsin International Law Journal, 2015
- (in Russian) Informational Project about Brazil
- (in Portuguese) Russian Embassy in Brasília
- (in English) Ministry of Foreign Relations of Brazil
- (in Russian)(in Portuguese)(in English) Brazilian Embassy in Moscow