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Brazil–Russia relations (Russian: Российско-бразильские отношения or Бразильско-российские отношения, Portuguese: relações entre Brasil e Rússia) have seen a significant improvement in recent years, characterized by an increasing commercial trade and cooperation in military and technology segments. Today, Brazil shares an important alliance with the Russian Federation, with partnerships in areas such as space and military technologies as well as telecommunications.
According to a 2012 Pew Global Attitudes Project survey, 29.5% of Brazilians view Russia favorably, compared with 57% who viewed it unfavorably. According to a 2013 BBC World Service Poll, 29% of Brazilians view Russia's influence positively, with 39.99% expressing a negative view.
Brazil and the USSR established diplomatic relations on April 2, 1945. Brazil maintained a neutral, but distant, relationship with the Soviet Union during the Cold War. Their bilateral relations were limited to commercial trade and cooperation agreements of minimal importance. With the fall of the Soviet Union and the subsequent birth of the Russian Federation, talks between the two nations increased, leading to the Brazil-Russia Cooperation Treaty signed on November 21, 1997.
In 2001, a high-level committee headed by the former Vice-President of Brazil, Marco Maciel, and the Prime minister of Russia, Mikhail Kasyanov, established several long-term bilateral treaties, initiating a strategic partnership between the two countries, and creating the Brazilian-Russian Governmental Commission.
Continuing that path, the former Vice-President of Brazil, José Alencar, traveled to Moscow on September 2003, to meet with Russian President Vladimir Putin and his senior cabinet members. The two countries signed the Brazil-Russia Military Technology and Transfer Pact, an important agreement in the area of space technology, missile defense, and military weapons transfer.
On October 18, 2005, during a state visit of President Lula to Moscow, Silva and Putin signed the bilateral Brazil-Russia Strategic Alliance. As well as an agreement that made it possible for the Brazilian Space Agency to send the first Brazilian astronaut, Marcos Pontes, into space aboard Soyuz TMA-8.
On November 26, 2008, during a state visit of President Dmitry Medvedev to Brazil, the two countries signed agreements on visa exemption, and cooperation in the aerospace, nuclear and defense industries.
The second BRIC summit was held in Brasília, following the first in Russia.
Brazil has an embassy in Moscow and Russia has an embassy in Brasilia.
Common membership in international organisations
BIS • BRICS • IAEA • IBRD • ICAO • ICRM • IDA • IFC • IFRCS • IHO • ILO • IMF • IMO • Inmarsat • Intelsat • Interpol • IOC • IOM • ISO • ITU • LAIA • NSG • PCA • UN • UNCTAD • UNESCO • UNHCR • UNIDO • UNITAR • UNTAET • UNWTO • UPU • WCO • WHO • WIPO • WMO
- Opinion of Russia Pew Research Center
- 2013 World Service Poll BBC
- RT Today,Russia and Brazil agree to visa-free travel, 26.11.2008
- Reuters, Russia's Medvedev in Brazil, aims to double trade, 25.11.2008
- "As Relações Russo-Brasileiras" (PDF) (in Portuguese). Revista Brasileira de Política Internacional. Retrieved 2007-05-06.
- "Aliança com a Rússia" (in Portuguese). Defesa BR. Retrieved 2007-05-06.
- "The Magazine of Future Warfare". World Powers. Retrieved 2007-05-06.
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- (Russian) Informational Project about Brazil
- (Portuguese) Russian Embassy in Brasília
- (English) Ministry of Foreign Relations of Brazil
- (Russian)(Portuguese)(English) Brazilian Embassy in Moscow