Brazil–Russia relations

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Brazil–Russia relations
Map indicating locations of Brazil and Russia


Russian President Vladimir Putin (right) with the former Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff (left) in BRICS Summit in Russia, 2015.

Brazil–Russia relations (Russian: Российско-бразильские отношения or Бразильско-российские отношения, Portuguese: relações entre Brasil e Rússia) have seen a significant improvement in recent years, characterized by an increasing commercial trade and cooperation in military and technology segments. Today, Brazil shares an important alliance with Russia, with partnerships in areas such as space and military technologies as well as telecommunications.

According to a 2017 Pew Global Attitudes Project survey, 35% of Brazilians have a favorable view of Russia, with 36% expressing an unfavorable view.[1]


The first diplomatic relations between Brazil and Russia started in 1828[2]. Brazil and the USSR established diplomatic relations on April 2, 1945. Brazil maintained a neutral, but distant, relationship with the Soviet Union during the Cold War. Their bilateral relations were limited to commercial trade and cooperation agreements of minimal importance. With the fall of the Soviet Union and the subsequent birth of the Russian Federation, talks between the two nations increased, leading to the Brazil-Russia Cooperation Treaty signed on November 21, 1997.

In 2001, a high-level committee headed by the former Vice-President of Brazil, Marco Maciel, and the Prime minister of Russia, Mikhail Kasyanov, established several long-term bilateral treaties, initiating a strategic partnership between the two countries, and creating the Brazilian-Russian Governmental Commission.

Continuing that path, the former Vice-President of Brazil, José Alencar, traveled to Moscow on September 2003, to meet with Russian President Vladimir Putin and his senior cabinet members. The two countries signed the Brazil-Russia Military Technology and Transfer Pact, an important agreement in the area of space technology, missile defense, and military weapons transfer.

In response to an invitation made by the former Brazilian President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, Vladimir Putin made a state visit to Brazil on November 22, 2004.

On October 18, 2005, during a state visit of President Lula to Moscow, Silva and Putin signed the bilateral Brazil-Russia Strategic Alliance. As well as an agreement that made it possible for the Brazilian Space Agency to send the first Brazilian astronaut, Marcos Pontes, into space aboard Soyuz TMA-8.

On November 26, 2008, during a state visit of President Dmitry Medvedev to Brazil, the two countries signed agreements on visa exemption,[3] and cooperation in the aerospace, nuclear and defense industries.[4]

The second BRIC summit was held in Brasília, following the first in Russia.

Brazil has an embassy in Moscow and Russia has an embassy in Brasilia.

Common membership in international organisations[edit]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Publics Worldwide Unfavorable Toward Putin, Russia". Pew Research Center. November 30, 2017.
  2. ^ "Biblioteca Mário de Andrade recebe "Um Domingo na Rússia"". Prefeitura de São Paulo (in Portuguese). 14 November 2018. Retrieved 15 November 2018.
  3. ^ RT Today,Russia and Brazil agree to visa-free travel Archived January 16, 2009, at the Wayback Machine., 26.11.2008
  4. ^ Reuters, Russia's Medvedev in Brazil, aims to double trade, 25.11.2008

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]