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Swartzia panacoco

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(Redirected from Brazilian Ebony)

Swartzia panacoco
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Faboideae
Genus: Swartzia
S. panacoco
Binomial name
Swartzia panacoco
(Aubl.) Cowan

Swartzia tomentosa DC.

Swartzia panacoco, known as panococo or Brazilian ebony, is a tree of the bean family, growing in Guyana, South America. Its wood is hard and durable. The heartwood ranges from an olive brown to a near black color and can have lighter or darker markings that are sharply separated from the sapwood, which is lighter and yellow in appearance.

The wood of the panococo is used much like ebony but more limited due to smaller size logs.[1]

According to "The Treasury of Botany" published by Longmans, Green, and Co. of London in 1899 for John Lindley, Ph.D., F.R.S., F.L.S., an Emeritus Professor of Botany in University College, London, panococo is also a French name for Ormosia coccinea.[2]

In 1997, it was listed in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants.[3]


  1. ^ Gérard, Jean; Guibal, Daniel; Paradis, Sébastien; Cerre, Jean-Claude (2017-11-30). Tropical timber atlas: Technological characteristics and uses. Editions Quae. ISBN 978-2-7592-2798-3.
  2. ^ Lindley, John; Moore, Thomas (1889). The Treasury of Botany: A Popular Dictionary of the Vegetable Kingdom : with which is Incorporated a Glossary of Botanical Terms. Longmans, Green, and Company.
  3. ^ Centre, World Conservation Monitoring (1998). 1997 IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants. IUCN. ISBN 978-2-8317-0328-2.