Brazilian National Archives

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National Archives (Brazil)
Logo do Arquivo Nacional.png
Arquivo Nacional (exterior).jpg
Former namePublic Archive of the Empire of Brazil
EstablishedJanuary 2 , 1838
LocationPraça da República, 173 - Centro, Rio de Janeiro - RJ, 20211-350, Brazil
TypeNational Archive
DirectorCarolina Chaves de Azevedo

The Brazilian National Archives (in Portuguese: Arquivo Nacional) were created in 1838 as the Imperial Public Archives. The Archives were renamed in 1911, and are located in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.


The current building was designed by engineers Antonio Pinheiro Guimarães Francisco and Teodoro Antonio de Oliveira in the Neoclassical style and uses gneiss.[1] From 1868 to 1983, the building housed the old Brazilian Mint.[2] Access to the building is through a classical portal with three pediments on the same facade.

Services and Collections[edit]

The National Archives offers several services to the public, including in-person research services[3] and providing copies and transcriptions of documents to remote users[4]. The Archives also provides access to 11 databases[5] and over 40 finding aids for their collections[6]. The archive collection includes 1.74 million photographs and negatives, 20,000 illustrations, 44,000 maps, 124,000 films, and 4,000 videotapes.[7] The library holds collections on history, library science and law with 43,000 volumes, 900 newspapers and 6,300 rare works. The Sistema de Informações de Arquivo Nacional (SIAN) is the primary searchable database of the Archives, while the others cover specific topics and collections[5]. The Archives also holds pre-1959 diplomatic records between Brazil and the United States of America[8]. It may be necessary to contact Brazil's Ministry of Foreign Affairs to access some of the records.

The National Archives also participates in the UNESCO Memory of the World Programme. Brazil's Memory of the World program page contains links to various informational texts, including "Diretrizes para a Salvaguarda do Patrimônio Documental" and "Lost Memory - Libraries and Archives destroyed in the Twentith [sic] Century," as well as an extensive catalog of various documents and images with explanatory text[9]. UNESCO also maintains its own register of Memory of the World collections and archives submitted by Brazil[10].

In 1867, the Maria Beatriz Nascimento National Archives Library was created by decree. It gained its current name in 2017, and houses books, periodicals, and leaflets[11]. Similarly to the Archives, the Archive Library also provides reference services and consultations[12].

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Cattan, Roberto Correia de Mello. A familia Guinle e a Arquitetura do Rio de Janeiro (PDF). PUC. p. 8.
  2. ^ Ouvidoria MF. "Casa da Moeda do Brasil - CMB". Ministerio da Fazenda. Archived from the original on 26 April 2012. Retrieved 24 November 2011.
  3. ^ "Arquivo Nacional - Arquivo Nacional". (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2018-11-12.
  4. ^ "Arquivo Nacional - Arquivo Nacional". (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2018-11-12.
  5. ^ a b victor. "Arquivo Nacional - Bases de dados". (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2018-11-24.
  6. ^ Cardia, Mirian Lopes. "Arquivo Nacional - Instrumentos de pesquisa". (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2018-11-24.
  7. ^ Acervo
  8. ^ "Brazil - Archives - Countries - Office of the Historian". Retrieved 2018-11-24.
  9. ^ "Textos". MOW - Arquivo Nacional. Retrieved November 24, 2018.
  10. ^ "Brazil - Memory of the World Register | United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization". Retrieved 2018-11-25.
  11. ^ "BNPortal - Carregando..." Retrieved 2018-11-25.
  12. ^ "BNPortal - Carregando..." Retrieved 2018-11-25.

External links[edit]