Brazilian Naval School

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Brazilian Naval Academy
Escola Naval
Escola Naval.jpeg
Type Naval academy
Established 1792 (Portuguese Naval Academy)
1808 (installation of the Portuguese Naval Academy in Brazil)
1823 (separation between the Brazilian and Portuguese naval academies)
Location Rio de Janeiro, on the Villegagnon Island just inside the Guanabara Bay., Brazil
22°54′50″S 43°09′36″W / 22.914°S 43.160°W / -22.914; -43.160Coordinates: 22°54′50″S 43°09′36″W / 22.914°S 43.160°W / -22.914; -43.160
Website Official website
Naval Academy: Entrance (Gate of the old Villegaignon Fortress).

The Brazilian Naval Academy (Escola Naval in Portuguese) is an Academy of the Brazilian Navy, located in Rio de Janeiro, on Villegagnon Island just inside of Guanabara Bay. The Brazilian Naval Academy is an institution of higher education, which aims to train officers of the Brazilian Navy.


The Brazilian Naval Academy has its direct origins in the Portuguese Naval Academy created in Lisbon, Portugal in the 18th century.

In 1782, the Company of Midshipmen (Companhia dos Guardas-Marinhas) was created to frame and train the midshipmen (naval officer candidates) of the Portuguese Navy. The Company of Midshipmen was installed in the building of the Naval Arsenal of Lisbon.

The Royal Academy of the Midshipmen (Academia Real dos Guardas-Marinhas) was created in 1792, as a university-level naval academy. This Academy integrated the already existing Company of Midshipmen as its student corps.

In 1807, the Army of Napoleon invaded Portugal. In order not to be captured by the Napoleonic forces and maintain the independence of the Kingdom, the Portuguese Royal Court and government are transferred to the Portuguese colony of Brazil, continuing to rule from there. The Royal Academy of the Midshipmen and its Company of Midshipmen also embark in the naval fleet that carries the Royal Court to Brazil and are installed in Rio de Janeiro, in 1808.

In 1823, one year following the independence of Brazil, the faculty and the students of the Academy of the Midshipmen had to choose either the Brazilian or the Portuguese nationality. Those that chose the Portuguese nationality returned to Portugal and the others remained in Brazil. Then, two academies come into existence: the Imperial Academy of Midshipmen (Academia Imperial dos Guardas-Marinhas) in the Empire of Brazil and the Royal Academy of Midshipmen in the Kingdom of Portugal (that would become the present Portuguese Naval School).

The Brazilian Imperial Academy of Midshipmen become the School of Navy (Escola de Marinha), in 1858. In 1887, it become the Naval Academy (Escola Naval).


To celebrate its foundation, every year the Navy promotes the traditional Naval Academy Regatta, the largest sailing race in Latin America.



  • 1-Mechanics
  • 2-Weapons Systems
  • 3-Electronics

Marine Corps

  • 1-Mechanics
  • 2-Weapons Systems
  • 3-Electronics


  • 1- Administration.



External links[edit]