Brazilian general election, 2002

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Brazilian general election, 2002

← 1998 6 October 2002 (2002-10-06) (First round)
27 October 2002 (2002-10-27) (Second round)
2006 →
Turnout79.53%
  Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva.jpg Serra02032007-2.jpg
Candidate Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva José Serra
Party PT PSDB
Home state Pernambuco/São Paulo São Paulo
Running mate José Alencar Rita Camata
States carried 25 + DF 1
Popular vote 52,772,475 33,356,860
Percentage 61.3% 38.7%

2002 Brazilian presidential election map (Round 2).svg
Presidential election results map after the second round of voting: Red denotes states won by Lula, and Blue denotes those won by Serra.

President before election

Fernando Henrique Cardoso
PSDB

Elected President

Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva
PT

Coat of arms of Brazil.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Brazil
Foreign relations

General elections were held in Brazil on 6 October 2002, with a second round on 27 October. After three failed attempts, Workers' Party leader Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva succeeded in a presidential election. Nevertheless, he did not manage to obtain the majority of valid votes in the first round; this led the presidential election to a second round, which Lula won with 52.7 million votes (61.3% of the total), becoming at the time the second most voted-for president in the world after Ronald Reagan in the 1984 United States presidential election.

Background[edit]

During the second term of the Fernando Henrique Cardoso administration, a serious economic crisis began in Brazil as an impact of the 1997 Asian financial crisis. Commencing shortly after the 1998 elections, when Cardoso was re-elected, as a currency crisis, it resulted in a decrease in growth and employment rates and a rise in public debt. In an environment of distrust and uncertainty for investment, many investors feared the measures that were going to be taken if a left-wing candidate won the election. As a matter of fact, when Lula would rise in the polls, the so-called "Brazil risk" index, which measures the confidence of investors in the country, would also rise. The media called this the "Lula risk", indicating that if Lula was to win the election, the economy would fail. Lula was then forced to sign a text that became known as Carta aos Brasileiros (Letter to the Brazilian people), promising that if he won the election, he would not change the economic policy of Brazil. Many in the left-wing saw this as a shift to the center from Lula and his Workers' Party, which openly defended a transition to socialist economy in the 1989 presidential election.

Presidential candidates[edit]

# Presidential candidate Vice-Presidential candidate Party/coalition
13 Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva.jpg Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (PT) Jose de alencar 23 out 2007.jpg José Alencar (PL)
"Lula President"
PT, PL, PCdoB, PMN, PCB[a]
16 (2015-06-04) 2º Congresso Nacional da CSP-Conlutas Dia1 152 Romerito Pontes (18687750336).jpg José Maria de Almeida (PSTU) Dayse de Oliveira (PSTU)
United Socialist Workers' Party (PSTU)
23 Cirogomes2006.jpg Ciro Gomes (PPS) Paulinho d'Força.jpg Paulo Pereira da Silva (PTB)
"Labour Front"
PPS, PTB, PDT
29 Rui Costa Pimenta (PCO) Pedro Paulo de Abreu (PCO)
Workers' Cause Party (PCO)
40 Anthony Garotinho 24559.jpeg Anthony Garotinho (PSB) José Antonio Figueiredo (PSB)
"Brazil Hope"
PSB, PGT, PTC, PSC
45 José Serra no Rio.jpg José Serra (PSDB) Deputada Rita Camata.jpg Rita Camata (PMDB)
"Great Alliance"
PSDB, PMDB[b]
  1. ^ Unofficially supporting parties: PV and PMDB in some states. In the second round: PPS, PDT, PTB, PSB, PGT, PSC, PTC and PHS.
  2. ^ Supporting parties in the second round: PFL, PPB, PSL, PTN, PSDC, PRTB, PSD, PRP, PAN and PTdoB.

Results[edit]

President[edit]

Candidate Party First round Second round
Votes % Votes %
Luis Inácio Lula da Silva Workers' Party 39,454,692 46.44 52,793,364 61.27
José Serra Party of the Brazilian Social Democracy 19,705,061 23.19 33,370,739 38.72
Anthony Garotinho Brazilian Socialist Party 15,179,879 17.86
Ciro Gomes Socialist People's Party 10,170,666 11.97
José Maria de Almeida United Socialist Workers' Party 402,232 0.47
Rui Costa Pimenta Workers' Cause Party 38,619 0.04
Invalid/blank votes 9,852,977 5,500,156
Total 94,804,126 100 91,664,259 100
Registered voters/turnout 115,253,816 82.26 115,253,447 79.53
Source: TRE, TRE

Congress[edit]

e • d Summary of the 6 October 2002 National Congress of Brazil election results
Parties Chamber of Deputies Federal Senate
Votes % Seats % Total seats elected in 2002
Workers' Party (Partido dos Trabalhadores) 16,093,987 18.4 91 . 14 10
Brazilian Social Democracy Party (Partido da Social-Democracia Brasileira) 12,534,774 14.3 71 . 11 8
Liberal Front Party (Partido da Frente Liberal) 11,706,231 13.4 84 . 19 14
Brazilian Democratic Movement Party (Partido do Movimento Democrático Brasileiro) 11,692,011 13.4 74 . 19 9
Progressive Party (Partido Progresista) 6,840,041 7.8 49 . 1 -
Brazilian Socialist Party (Partido Socialista Brasileiro) 4,616,860 5.3 22 . 4 3
Democratic Labour Party (Partido Democrático Trabalhista) 4,482,528 5.1 21 . 5 4
Brazilian Labour Party (Partido Trabalhista Brasileiro) 4,052,107 4.6 26 . 3 2
Liberal Party (Partido Liberal) 3,780,259 4.3 26 . 3 2
Socialist People's Party (Partido Popular Socialista) 2,682,339 3.1 15 . 1 1
Communist Party of Brazil (Partido Comunista do Brasil) 1,967,833 2.2 12 . - -
Party of the Reconstruction of the National Order (Partido da Reedificação da Ordem Nacional) 1,804,655 2.1 6 . - -
Green Party (Partido Verde) 1,182,364 1.4 5 . - -
Social Christian Party (Partido Social Cristão) 504,611 0.6 1 . - -
Social Labour Party (Partido Social Trabalhista) 504,044 0.6 3 . - -
Social Democratic Party (Partido Social Democrático) 452,386 0.5 4 . 1 1
Social Liberal Party (Partido Social Liberal) 408,512 0.5 1 . - -
Brazilian Labour Renewal Party (Partido Renovador Trabalhista Brasileiro) 304,092 0.3 - . - -
Humanist Party of Solidarity (Partido Humanista de Solidaridade) 294,920 0.3 - . - -
Party of National Mobilization (Partido da Mobilização Nacional) 282,875 0.3 1 . - -
Progressive Republican Party (Partido Republicano Progresista) 251,970 0.2 - . - -
General Party of the Workers (Partido Geral dos Trabalhadores) 194,686 0.2 - . - -
Christian Social Democratic Party (Partido Social Democrata Cristão) 192,545 0.2 1 . - -
Labour Party of Brazil (Partido Trabalhista do Brasil ) 168,639 0.2 - . - -
United Socialist Workers' Party (Partido Socialista dos Trabalhadores) 159,251 0.2 - . - -
Party of the Nation's Retirees (Partido dos Aposentados da Naçao) 126,663 0.1 - . - -
National Labor Party (Partido Trabalhista Nacional) 118,471 0.1 - . - -
Christian Labour Party (Partido Trabalhista Cristão) 74,955 0.1 - . - -
Brazilian Communist Party (Partido Comunista Brasileiro) 45,963 0.1 - . - -
Party of the Working Class's Cause (Partido da Causa Operária) 29,351 0.1 - . - -
Total (turnout 82.3 %) 87,549,923 100 513 81 54
Source: Banco de Dados Eleitorais do Brasil

References[edit]