Brazilian general election, 2010

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Brazilian general election, 2010

← 2006 3 and 31 October 2010 2014 →
Turnout 81.88%

  Dilma Rousseff - foto oficial 2011-01-09 (cropped 2).jpg Senador José Serra (Foto Oficial 2015) (cropped) (cropped).jpg
Nominee Dilma Rousseff José Serra
Party PT PSDB
Alliance For Brazil to keep changing Brazil can do more
Home state Minas Gerais São Paulo
Running mate Michel Temer Índio da Costa
States carried 15+DF 11
Popular vote 55,752,529 43,711,388
Percentage 56.05% 43.95%

2010 Brazilian presidential election map (Round 2).svg
Presidential election results map after the second round of voting: Red denotes states won by Rousseff, and Blue denotes those won by Serra

President before election

Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva
PT

Elected President

Dilma Rousseff
PT

Coat of arms of Brazil.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Brazil
Foreign relations

The first round of the Brazilian general election of 2010 was held on Sunday, October 3, 2010.[1] The Presidency of the Republic, all 513 Chamber of Deputies seats and 54 out of 81 Federal Senate seats were contested in this election, along with governorships and Legislative Assemblies of all 26 states and the Federal District.[1] On October 31, a run-off was held for president and eight state governorships that did not reach 50% plus one of the valid votes cast in the first round.

President[edit]

On October 3, 2010, Brazilian citizens eligible to vote were required by law to choose a successor to President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, of the Workers' Party, as President Lula's second, four-year term in office was coming to an end and he was constitutionally prohibited from running for a third, consecutive term. 2010 marked the first time since the first election after the redemocratization in which he did not run for president.[2]

As no candidate received absolute majority of the valid cast votes in the first round, a second round, run-off was required to be held on October 31, at which time Lula's designated successor, Workers' Party candidate Dilma Rousseff, defeated the candidate of the Brazilian Social Democracy Party, José Serra, 56% to 44%. Rousseff therefore became Brazil's first female president.

Candidates[edit]

# Presidential candidate[3] Vice Presidential candidate[3] Party/coalition[3]
13 Dilma Rousseff - foto oficial 2011-01-09.jpg Dilma Rousseff (PT) Michel Temer (foto 2).jpg Michel Temer (PMDB)
For Brazil to Keep Changing
PT, PMDB, PDT, PCdoB,
PSB, PR, PSC, PTC, PTN
16 (2015-06-04) 2º Congresso Nacional da CSP-Conlutas Dia1 152 Romerito Pontes (18687750336).jpg José Maria de Almeida (PSTU) Cláudia Durans (PSTU)
United Socialist Workers' Party (PSTU)
21 Ivanpinheiro flickr.jpg Ivan Pinheiro (PCB) Edmilson Costa (PCB)
Brazilian Communist Party (PCB)
27 José Maria Eymael (4764807212).jpg José Maria Eymael (PSDC) José Paulo da Silva Neto (PSDC)
Christian Social Democratic Party (PSDC)
28 Levy Fidelix.jpg Levy Fidelix (PRTB) Luiz Eduardo Ayres Duarte (PRTB)
Brazilian Labor Renewal Party (PRTB)
29 Rui Costa Pimenta (PCO) Edson Dorta Silva
Workers' Cause Party (PCO)
43 MarinaSilva2010.jpg Marina Silva (PV) Guilherme Leal Cropped.jpg Guilherme Leal (PV)
Green Party (PV)
45 José Serra no Rio.jpg José Serra (PSDB) Indio da Costa.JPG Indio da Costa (DEM)
Brazil Can Do More
PSDB, DEM, PPS, PMN, PTdoB, PTB
50 Plínio Sampaio 2008.jpg Plínio de Arruda Sampaio (PSOL) Hamilton Assis vota 50, eleições 2012 (cropped).jpg Hamilton Assis (PSOL)
Socialism and Liberty Party (PSOL)

Results[edit]

Candidate Running mate Coalition First round Second round
Valid Votes % Valid Votes %
Dilma Rousseff
(PT)
Michel Temer
(PMDB)
For Brazil to keep changing 47,651,434 46.91 55,752,529 56.05
José Serra
(PSDB)
Índio da Costa
(DEM)
Brazil can do more 33,132,283 32.61 43,711,388 43.95
Marina Silva
(PV)
Guilherme Leal
(PV)
19,636,359 19.33
Plínio de Arruda Sampaio
(PSOL)
Hamilton Assis
(PSOL)
886,816 0.87
José Maria Eymael
(PSDC)
José Paulo da Silva Neto
(PSDC)
89,350 0.09
José Maria de Almeida
(PSTU)
Cláudia Durans
(PSTU)
84,609 0.08
Levy Fidelix
(PRTB)
Luiz Eduardo Ayres Duarte
(PRTB)
57,960 0.06
Ivan Pinheiro
(PCB)
Edmilson Costa
(PCB)
39,136 0.04
Rui Costa Pimenta
(PCO)
Edson Dorta Silva
(PCO)
12,206 0.01
Valid votes 101,590,153 91.36 99,463,917 93.30
Blank votes 3,479,340 3.13 2,452,597 2.30
Null votes 6,124,254 5.51 4,689,428 4.40
Total votes 111,193,747 81.88 106,606,214 78.50
Abstentions 24,610,296 18.12 29,197,152 21.50

     Elected candidate

Governors[edit]

All 26 Brazilian states and the Federal District governors were up for election. If none of the candidates received a majority of valid votes in the first round, a run-off was held on October 31, 2010. According to the Constitution, governors are elected directly to a four-year term, with a limit of two terms. Aécio Neves (Minas Gerais), Alcides Rodrigues (Goiás), Blairo Maggi (Mato Grosso), Eduardo Braga (Amazonas), Ivo Cassol (Rondônia), Luiz Henrique da Silveira (Santa Catarina), Marcelo Miranda (Tocantins), Paulo Hartung (Espírito Santo), Roberto Requião (Paraná), Waldez Góes (Amapá), Wilma de Faria (Rio Grande do Norte) and Wellington Dias (Piauí) were all elected in 2002 and re-elected in 2006 and thus were not allowed to run again. After his involvement in an ongoing corruption scandal in late 2009, Federal District Governor José Roberto Arruda left the Democrats party (and was later arrested), also becoming ineligible since it is required for citizens seeking to run for any public office in the country to be a registered party member for at least a year before the predicted election date.[4]

National Congress[edit]

Fifty-four of the 81 seats in the Federal Senate, the upper house, were up for election. According to the Constitution, senators are elected directly to an eight-year term, and there is no limit on the number of terms. Alternately, one third and two thirds of the seats are up for election every four years. In 2006, one third of the seats were up for election and thus in 2010 there were two thirds, corresponding to two senators for each one of the 26 Brazilian states, plus two senators for the Federal District.[citation needed]

All 513 seats in the Chamber of Deputies, the lower house, were up for election. According to the Constitution, federal deputies are elected directly to a four-year term, and there is no limit on the number of terms.[citation needed]

As a result of the parliamentary election, the Lulista coalition took control of the majority of seats in both houses.

Political groups in the National Congress
after the 2010 election
Chamber of Deputies
Lulista bloc:
359 / 513
Centre-Right bloc:
136 / 513
Greens:
15 / 513
PSOL:
3 / 513
Senate
Lulista bloc:
54 / 81
Centre-Right bloc:
25 / 81
PSOL:
2 / 81

State Assemblies[edit]

All seats in the State Assemblies will be up for election. According to the Constitution, State Assemblies are unicameral, and its members, who are designated as state deputies, are elected directly to a four-year term, with no limit on the number of terms.[citation needed]

Controversy[edit]

A Brazilian court banned all political spoofs in the runup to the elections.[5] This was condemnation where protestors sought to have a petition signed to undo the ban.[6] On September 2, 2010, the Supreme Federal Court overturned the decision.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Scher, Roger. "Focus: Brazilian elections 2010" Archived June 20, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.. Rising Powers. Foreign Policy blogs. October 12, 2009.
  2. ^ Colitt, Raymond. "Positions of Brazil's leading candidates". Reuters. January 11, 2010.
  3. ^ a b c Eleições 2014. "Candidatos a Presidente". Retrieved 26 November 2017. 
  4. ^ "Arruda sai do DEM; diz que não disputa eleição de 2010 - O Globo" (in Portuguese). Oglobo.globo.com. Retrieved 2010-08-21. 
  5. ^ >> No fun intended: Brazil forbids election spoofing)
  6. ^ >> Brazil comedians say election censorship no joke
  7. ^ Link text, "Supremo libera humor sobre políticos durante campanha".