Brazilian general election, 2014

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Brazilian general election, 2014

← 2010 5 October 2014 (first round)
26 October 2014 (second round)
2018 →
Turnout 78.90%
  Dilma Rousseff 2011.jpg Aécio Neves em 23 de outubro de 2014-2.jpg
Nominee Dilma Rousseff Aécio Neves
Party PT PSDB
Alliance With the Strength of the People Change Brazil
Home state Minas Gerais Minas Gerais
Running mate Michel Temer Aloysio Nunes
States carried 15 11+DF
Popular vote 54,501,119 51,041,155
Percentage 51.64% 48.36%

2014 Brazilian presidential election map (Round 2).svg

President before election

Dilma Rousseff
PT

Elected President

Dilma Rousseff
PT

General elections were held in Brazil on 5 October 2014 to elect the President, the National Congress, state governors and state legislatures.[1] As no candidate in the presidential and several gubernatorial elections received more than 50% of the vote, a second-round runoff was held on 26 October.[1]

In the first round of voting Dilma Rousseff won 41.6% of the vote, ahead of Aécio Neves with 33.6% and Marina Silva with 21.3%.[2] Rousseff and Neves contested the runoff on 26 October and Rousseff won re-election by a narrow margin, 51.6% to Neves' 48.4%.[3]

Presidential election[edit]

Incumbent President Dilma Rousseff of the Workers' Party (PT), Brazil's first female president, was challenged by 11 other candidates. Minas Gerais Senator Aécio Neves from the Brazilian Social Democracy Party (PSDB) and Marina Silva from the Brazilian Socialist Party (PSB) were her main rivals. Since none of the candidates obtained over 50% of the valid votes in the 5 October election, a second-round election was held on 26 October between Rousseff and Neves, who had finished first and second respectively in the 5 October vote.

In Brazil's closest presidential election results since 1989, Rousseff narrowly defeated Neves in the second round, taking 51.6% of the vote to Neves' 48.4%.

The original PSB candidate had been Eduardo Campos. However, he died in a plane crash in Santos on 13 August 2014,[4] after which the party chose Silva, who had been his running mate, to replace him as the presidential candidate.[5]

Campaign Issues[edit]

Economy[edit]

Dilma Rousseff[edit]

Criticized for low economic growth and intervening in the economy.

Aécio Neves[edit]

Proposed less intervention in the economy.

Allegations of corruption[edit]

Shortly before the election a former executive of the state-run oil company Petrobras accused a minister, three state governors, six senators and dozens of congressmen from President Dilma Rousseff’s Workers’ Party (PT) and several coalition allies of having accepted kickbacks from contracts.[6]

Candidates[edit]

# Presidential candidate Vice-Presidential candidate Party/coalition
13 Dilma Rousseff - foto oficial 2011-01-09.jpg Dilma Rousseff (PT) Michel Temer (foto 2).jpg Michel Temer (PMDB)
With the Strength of the People
PT, PMDB, PSD, PP, PR, PDT, PRB, PROS, PCdoB
16 (2015-06-04) 2º Congresso Nacional da CSP-Conlutas Dia1 152 Romerito Pontes (18687750336).jpg José Maria de Almeida (PSTU) Cláudia Durans (PSTU)
United Socialist Workers' Party (PSTU)
20 Pastor everaldo abr (edited).jpeg Everaldo Pereira (PSC) Leonardo Gadelha (PSC)
Social Christian Party (PSC)
21 Mauro Iasi no Senado.png Mauro Iasi (PCB) Sofia Manzano (PCB)
Brazilian Communist Party (PCB)
27 José Maria Eymael (4764807212).jpg José Maria Eymael (PSDC) Roberto Lopes (PSDC)
Social Democratic Christian Party (PSDC)
28 Levy Fidelix.jpg Levy Fidelix (PRTB) José Alves de Oliveira (PRTB)
Brazilian Labor Renewal Party (PRTB)
29 Rui Costa Pimenta PCO ABr.jpg Rui Costa Pimenta (PCO) Ricardo Machado (PCO)
Workers' Cause Party (PCO)
40 MarinaSilva2010.jpg Marina Silva (PSB) Beto Albuquerque.jpg Beto Albuquerque (PSB)
United for Brazil
PSB, PPS, PSL, PHS, PPL, PRP
43 Eduardojorge pv abr.jpg Eduardo Jorge (PV) Célia Sacramento.jpg Célia Sacramento (PV)
Green Party (PV)
45 Aécio Neves em 23 de outubro de 2014-2.jpg Aécio Neves (PSDB) Aloysio nunes 2011.jpg Aloysio Nunes (PSDB)
Change Brazil
PSDB, SD, PMN, PEN, PTN, PTC, DEM, PTdoB, PTB
50 Luciana genro 2007.jpg Luciana Genro (PSOL) Jorge Paz em 2014.jpg Jorge Paz (PSOL)
Socialism and Liberty Party (PSOL)

Opinion polls[edit]

First Round

Date Poll source Candidate None Don't know
Dilma Rousseff (PT) Aécio Neves (PSDB) Marina Silva (PSB)[7] Everaldo Pereira (PSC) Luciana Genro (PSOL) Others
03-04/10/2014 Datafolha[8] 40% 24% 22% 1% 1% 1% 4% 5%
29-30/09/2014 Datafolha[9] 40% 20% 25% 1% 1% 1% 5% 5%
27-29/09/2014 Ibope[10] 39% 19% 25% 1% 1% <1% 7% 7%
20-22/09/2014 Ibope[11] 38% 19% 29% 1% <1% <1% 7% 5%
20-21/09/2014 Vox Populi[12] 40% 17% 22% 1% 1% 0% 6% 12%
17-18/09/2014 Datafolha[13] 37% 17% 30% 1% 1% 1% 7% 6%
13-15/09/2014 Ibope[14] 36% 19% 30% 1% <1% <1% 7% 6%
13-14/09/2014 Vox Poluli[12] 36% 15% 27% 1% 1% 0% 8% 12%
08-09/09/2014 Datafolha[15] 36% 15% 33% 1% 1% 1% 6% 7%
05-08/09/2014 CNI/Ibope[16] 39% 15% 31% 1% <1% <1% 8% 5%
1-03/09/2014 Datafolha[17] 35% 14% 34% 1% 1% <1% 6% 7%
31-02/09/2014 Ibope[18] 37% 15% 33% 1% 0% <1% 7% 5%
28-29/08/2014 Datofolha[19] 34% 15% 34% 2% <1% <1% 7% 7%
21-24/08/2014 CNT/MDA[20][21] 34.2% 16% 28.2% 1,3% 0,3% 0,9% 8,7% 10,4%
23-25/08/2014 Ibope[22] 34% 19% 29% 1% 1% 1% 7% 8%
14-15/08/2014 Datafolha[23] 36% 20% 21% 3% 0% 2% 8% 9%
13/08/2014 Death of Eduardo Campos, Marina Silva becomes PSB candidate
03-06/08/2014 Ibope[24] 38% 23% 9% 3% 1% 2% 13% 11%
18-21/07/2014 Ibope[25] 38% 22% 8% 3% 1% 3% 16% 9%
15-16/07/2014 Datafolha[26] 36% 20% 8% 3% 1% 4% 13% 14%
01-02/07/2014 Datafolha[27] 38% 20% 9% 4% 1% 4% 13% 11%
13-15/06/2014 Ibope[28] 39% 21% 10% 3% 0% 3% 13% 18%
04-07/06/2014 Ibope[29] 38% 22% 13% 3% 0% 2% 13% 7%
03-05/06/2014 Datafolha[30] 34% 19% 7% 4% 0% 3% 17% 13%
31/05-01/06/2014 Vox Populi[31] 40% 21% 8% 2% 0% 1% 14% 14%
15-19/05/2014 Ibope[32] 40% 20% 11% 3% 0% 2% 14% 10%
07-08/05/2014 Datafolha[33] 37% 20% 11% 3% 1% 2% 16% 8%
10-14/04/2014 Ibope[34] 37% 14% 6% 2% 1% 1% 24% 13%
06-08/04/2014 Vox Pouli[35] 40% 16% 8% 2% 0% 0% 15% 18%
02-03/04/2014 Datafolha[36] 38% 16% 10% 2% 0% 4% 20% 9%
13-17/03/2014 Ibope[37] 40% 13% 6% 3% 1% 0% 24% 12%
19-20/02/2014 Datafolha[38] 44% 16% 9% 3% 0% 2% 19% 7%
13-15/02/2014 Vox Populi[39] 41% 17% 6% 0% 0% 0% 20% 15%

Second Round

Rousseff vs. Neves

Date Poll source Candidate None Don't know
Dilma Rousseff (PT) Aécio Neves (PSDB)
20-22/10/2014 Ibope[40] 49% 41% 7% 3%
20/10/2014 Datafolha[41] 46% 43% 5% 6%
18-19/10/2014 CNT/MDA[42] 45,5% 44,5% 5,7% 4,3%
14-15/10/2014 Datafolha[43] 43% 45% 6% 6%
12-14/10/2014 Ibope[44] 43% 45% 7% 5%
11-12/10/2014 Vox Populi[45] 45% 44% 5% 5%
10/10/2014 Istoé/Sensus[46] 36,7% 52,4% 11%
09/10/2014 Ibope[47] 44% 46% 6% 4%
09/10/2014 Datafolha[48] 44% 46% 4% 6%
29-30/09/2014 Datafolha[9] 50% 41%
27-29/09/2014 Ibope[10] 45% 35%
25-26/09/2014 Datafolha[49] 50% 39% 8% 4%
20-22/09/2014 Ibope[11] 46% 35% 13% 7%
20-21/09/2014 Vox Populi[12] 49% 34% 10% 7%
17-18/09/2014 Datafolha[13] 49% 39% 8% 4%
13-15/09/2014 Ibope[14] 44% 37% 12% 6%
13-14/09/2014 Vox Populi[12] 47% 36% 12% 5%
01-03/09/2014 Datafolha[17] 49% 38% 10% 4%
31-02/09/2014 Ibope[18] 47% 41% 11% 8%
28-29/08/2014 Datafolha 48% 40% 9% 4%
21-24/08/2014 CNT/MDA [50] 43% 33.3%
23-25/08/2014 Ibope[51] 41% 35% 12% 12%
08/08/2014 Ibope 42% 35%

Rousseff vs. Silva

Date Poll source Candidate None Don't know
Dilma Rousseff (PT) Marina Silva (PSB)
29-30/09/2014 Datafolha[9] 49% 41%
27-29/09/2014 Ibope[10] 42% 38%
25-26/09/2014 Datafolha[49] 47% 43%
20-22/09/2014 Ibope[11] 41% 41% 12% 6%
20-21/09/2014 Vox Populi[12] 46% 39% 9% 6%
17-18/09/2014 Datafolha[13] 44% 46% 7% 3%
13-15/09/2014 Ibope[14] 40% 43% 11% 6%
13-14/09/2014 Vox Populi[12] 41% 42% 11% 6%
08-09/09/2014 Datafolha[15] 43% 47% 6% 4%
01-03/09/2014 CNI/Ibope[16] 42% 43% 6% 5%
01-03/09/2014 Datafolha[17] 41% 48% 6% 5%
31-02/09/2014 Ibope[18] 39% 46% 8% 6%
28-29/08/2014 Datafolha 40% 50% 7% 4%
21-24/08/2014 CNT/MDA 37.8% 43.7
23-25/08/2014 Ibope[51] 36% 45% 9% 11%

Silva vs. Neves

Date Poll source Candidate None Don't know
Marina Silva (PSB) Aécio Neves (PSDB)
20-22/09/2014 Ibope[11] 44% 31% 16% 9%
13-15/09/2014 Ibope[14] 48% 30% 15% 8%
01-03/09/2014 Datafolha[17] 56% 28% 10% 6%

Results[edit]

Candidate Running mate Coalition First round Second round
Valid Votes % Valid Votes %
Dilma Rousseff (PT) Michel Temer (PMDB) With the strength of the people 43,267,668 41.59 54,501,119 51.64
Aécio Neves (PSDB) Aloysio Nunes (PSDB) Change, Brazil 34,897,211 33.55 51,041,155 48.36
Marina Silva (PSB) Beto Albuquerque (PSB) United for Brazil 22,176,619 21.32
Luciana Genro (PSOL) Jorge Paz (PSOL) 1,612,186 1.55
Everaldo Pereira (PSC) Leonardo Gadelha (PSC) 780,513 0.75
Eduardo Jorge (PV) Célia Sacramento (PV) 630,099 0.61
Levy Fidelix (PRTB) José Alves de Oliveira (PRTB) 446,878 0.43
Zé Maria (PSTU) Cláudia Durans (PSTU) 91,209 0.09
José Maria Eymael (PSDC) Roberto Lopes (PSDC) 61,250 0.06
Mauro Iasi (PCB) Sofia Manzano (PCB) 47,845 0.05
Rui Costa Pimenta (PCO) Ricardo Machado (PCO) 12,324 0.01
Valid votes 104,023,543 90.36 105,542,274 93.66
Null votes 6,678,580 5.80 5,219,787 4.63
Blank votes 4,420,488 3.84 1,921,819 1.71
Total votes 115,122,611 100.00 112,683,879 100.00
Registered voters/turnout 142,822,046 80.61 142,822,046 78.90
Voting age population/turnout 150,803,268 76.34 150,803,268 74.72
Source: Tribunal Superior Eleitoral.
Second Round results
Municipalities won by Dilma Rousseff:      
Municipalities won by Aécio Neves:      

Gubernatorial elections[edit]

The Governors elected in 2014 were the following:[52]

Legislative election[edit]

e • d Summary of the 5 October 2014 National Congress election results
Coalition Parties Chamber Senate
Votes % of votes Seats % of seats +/– Votes % of votes Elected seats Total seats % of seats +/–
Pro-government
Coalition With the
Strength of the People
(Coligação Com a Força do Povo)
  Workers' Party (Partido dos Trabalhadores, PT) 13,554,166 13.93% 68 13.26% −20 15,155,818 16.96% 2 12 14.81% −2
  Brazilian Democratic Movement Party (Partido do Movimento Democrático Brasileiro, PMDB) 10,791,949 11.09% 66 12.87% −13 12,129,969 13.58% 5 18 22.22% −2
  Progressive Party (Partido Progressista, PP) 6,429,791 6.61% 38 7.41% −5 1,931,738 2.16% 1 5 6.17% ±0
  Social Democratic Party (Partido Social Democrático, PSD) 5,967,953 6.13% 36 7.02% New 7,147,245 8.00% 2 3 3.70% New
  Republic Party (Partido da República, PR) 5,635,519 5.79% 34 6.63% −7 696,462 0.78% 1 4 4.94% ±0
  Brazilian Republican Party (Partido Republicano Brasileiro, PRB) 4,424,824 4.55% 21 4.09% +13 301,162 0.34% 0 1 1.23% ±0
  Democratic Labour Party (Partido Democrático Trabalhista, PDT) 3,472,175 3.57% 19 3.70% −9 3,609,643 4.04% 4 8 9.88% +4
  Republican Party of the Social Order (Partido Republicano da Ordem Social, PROS) 1,977,117 2.03% 11 2.14% New 2,234,132 2.50% 0 1 1.23% New
  Communist Party of Brazil (Partido Comunista do Brasil, PC do B) 1,913,015 1.97% 10 1,95% −5 803,144 0.90% 0 1 1.23% −1
Total 54,166,509 55,67% 303 59,07% +5 44,009,313 49,26% 15 53 65,43% +3
Opposition
Coalition Change Brazil
(Coligação Muda Brasil)
  Brazilian Social Democracy Party (Partido da Social Democracia Brasileira, PSDB) 11,073,631 11.38% 54 10.53% +1 23,880,078 26.73% 4 10 12.35% −1
  Democrats (Democratas, DEM) 4,085,487 4.20% 21 4.09% −21 3,515,426 3.93% 3 5 6.17% −1
  Brazilian Labour Party (Partido Trabalhista Brasileiro, PTB) 3,914,193 4.02% 25 4.88% +4 2,803,999 3.14% 2 3 2.47% −3
  Solidarity (Solidariedade, SD) 2,689,701 2.76% 15 2.92% New 370,507 0.41% 0 1 1.23% New
  Labour Party of Brazil (Partido Trabalhista do Brasil, PT do B) 828,876 0.85% 2 0,39% −1 11,300 0.01% 0 0 0,00% ±0
  National Labor Party (Partido Trabalhista Nacional, PTN) 723,182 0.74% 4 0.78% +4 2,741 0.00% 0 0 0.00% ±0
  National Ecologic Party (Partido Ecológico Nacional, PEN) 667,983 0.69% 2 0.39% New 65,597 0.07% 0 0 0.00% New
  Party of National Mobilization (Partido da Mobilização Nacional, PMN) 468,473 0.48% 3 0.58% −1 57,911 0.06% 0 0 0.00% −1
  Christian Labour Party (Partido Trabalhista Cristão, PTC) 338,117 0,35% 2 0.39% +1 21,993 0.02% 0 0 0.00% ±0
Total 24,789,643 25,47% 128 24,95% +3 30,729,552 34,37% 9 19 23,46% −5
Opposition
Coalition United for Brazil
(Coligação Unidos pelo Brasil)
  Brazilian Socialist Party (Partido Socialista Brasileiro, PSB) 6,267,878 6.44% 34 6.63% ±0 12,123,194 13.60% 3 7 8.64% +4
  Popular Socialist Party (Partido Popular Socialista, PPS) 1,955,689 2.01% 10 1.95% −2 0 0.00% 0 0 0.00% −1
  Humanist Party of Solidarity (Partido Humanista da Solidariedade, PHS) 943,068 0,97% 5 0.97% +3 0 0.00% 0 0 0.00% ±0
  Social Liberal Party (Partido Social Liberal, PSL) 808,710 0.83% 1 0.20% ±0 0 0.00% 0 0 0.00% ±0
  Progressive Republican Party (Partido Republicano Progressista, PRP) 724,825 0.75% 3 0.58% +1 170,257 0.19% 0 0 0.00% ±0
  Free Homeland Party (Partido Pátria Livre, PPL) 141,254 0.15% 0 0.0% New 29,366 0.03% 0 0 0.00% ±0
Total 10,841,424 11,15% 53 10,33% +2 12,322,817 13,82% 3 7 8,64% +3
Out of coalition (Fora de coligação)   Social Christian Party (Partido Social Cristão, PSC) 2,520,421 2.59% 13 2.53% −5 19,286 0.02% 0 0 0.00% −1
  Green Party (Partido Verde, PV) 2,004,464 2.06% 8 1,56% −7 723,576 0.81% 0 1 1.23% +1
  Socialism and Liberty Party (Partido Socialismo e Liberdade, PSOL) 1,745,470 1,79% 5 0.97% +2 1,045,275 1.17% 0 1 1.23% −1
  Christian Social Democratic Party (Partido Social Democrata Cristão, PSDC) 509,936 0.52% 2 0.39% +2 31,011 0.03% 0 0 0.00% ±0
  Brazilian Labour Renewal Party (Partido Renovador Trabalhista Brasileiro, PRTB) 454,190 0.47% 1 0.20% −1 38,429 0.04% 0 0 0.00% ±0
  United Socialist Workers' Party (Partido Socialista dos Trabalhadores Unificado, PSTU) 188,473 0.19% 0 0.00% ±0 355,585 0.40% 0 0 0.00% ±0
  Brazilian Communist Party (Partido Comunista Brasileiro, PCB) 66,979 0.07% 0 0.00% ±0 68,199 0.08% 0 0 0.00% ±0
  Workers' Cause Party (Partido da Causa Operária, PCO) 12,969 0.01% 0 0,00% ±0 8,561 0.01% 0 0 0.00% ±0
Total valid votes 97,300,478 100,00% 513 100,00% ±0 89,351,604 100,00% 27 81 100,00% ±0

Sources: Chamber Senate

198 (38.6%) of the elected candidates were new to the House of Representatives, the highest proportiom of freshmen in 16 years.[53] The number of political parties in the parliament increased from 22 parties after the 2010 election to 28 at the beginning of the new term.[54]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "TSE aprova calendário e divulga datas das eleições de 2014". Terra. 22 May 2013. Retrieved 2 December 2013.
  2. ^ "Eleições 2014 – Resultados das Eleições 2014 para Presidente". 
  3. ^ "Dilma Rousseff re-elected Brazilian president". BBC Online. 26 October 2014. Retrieved 26 October 2014. 
  4. ^ "Presidenciável Eduardo Campos morre em acidente aéreo em Santos (SP) - 13/08/2014 - Poder - Folha de S.Paulo". Retrieved 22 November 2016. 
  5. ^ "Brazil: Marina Silva 'to replace' late candidate Campos". 16 August 2014. Retrieved 22 November 2016 – via www.bbc.com. 
  6. ^ "The Petrobras affair". The Economist. ISSN 0013-0613. Retrieved 2016-05-07. 
  7. ^ Marina Silva, originally Eduardo Campos' running mate, appears as PSB's candidate after Campos' death on 13 August 2014.
  8. ^ "Datafolha, votos válidos: Dilma tem 44%, Aécio, 26%, e Marina, 24%". 04 October 2014. Retrieved 04 October 2014.
  9. ^ a b c "Datafolha mostra acirramento da disputa entre Aécio e Marina pelo segundo lugar". 30 September 2014. Retrieved 1 October 2014.
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  14. ^ a b c d "Dilma tem 36%, Marina, 30%, e Aécio, 19%, aponta pesquisa Ibope". 16 September 2014. Retrieved 17 September 2014.
  15. ^ a b http://datafolha.folha.uol.com.br/eleicoes/2014/09/1514348-marina-e-dilma-empatam-em-1-e-2-turno-na-disputa-pela-presidencia.shtml Marina e Dilma empatam em 1º e 2º turno na disputa pela Presidência
  16. ^ a b http://www1.folha.uol.com.br/poder/2014/09/1515026-dilma-lidera-corrida-pelo-planalto-com-39-dos-votos-diz-pesquisa-cniibope.shtml Dilma lidera corrida pelo Planalto com 39% dos votos, diz pesquisa CNI/Ibope
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  23. ^ "Com 21% no 1º turno, Marina empataria com Dilma no 2º". 18 August 2014. Retrieved 18 August 2014.
  24. ^ "Dilma tem 38%, Aécio, 23% e Campos, 9%, diz pesquisa do Ibope". 08 August 2014. Retrieved 08 August 2014.
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  27. ^ "Com Copa humor do país melhora e Dilma cresce". 03 July 2014. Retrieved 03 July 2014.
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  31. ^ " Carta Capital. 11 June 2014. Retrieved 11 June 2014.
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  39. ^ "Dilma é favorita para se reeleger no 1º turno".Carta Capital. 23 February 2014. Retrieved 05 April 2014.
  40. ^ Vermelho, Portal. "Dilma abre vantagem de seis pontos no Datafolha e oito no Ibope - Portal Vermelho". Retrieved 22 November 2016. 
  41. ^ Globo/och-FCH, teleSUR-O. "Sondeo: Rousseff ganaría el balotaje con 52% de los votos". Retrieved 22 November 2016. 
  42. ^ "Dilma e Aécio estão empatados, aponta pesquisa CNT/MDA". Retrieved 22 November 2016. 
  43. ^ "Aécio tem 51%, e Dilma, 49% dos votos válidos, aponta Datafolha". 15 October 2014. Retrieved 22 November 2016. 
  44. ^ "Aécio tem 51%, e Dilma, 49% dos votos válidos, aponta Ibope". 15 October 2014. Retrieved 22 November 2016. 
  45. ^ "Vox Populi mostra empate técnico entre Dilma e Aécio". Retrieved 22 November 2016. 
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