Brazilian general election, 2018

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Brazilian general election, 2018

← 2014 7 October 2018 (2018-10-07) (first round)
28 October 2018 (2018-10-28) (second round, if needed)
2022 →
Opinion polls

  Jair Bolsonaro (cropped).jpg Geraldo Alckmin em junho de 2014 (cropped).jpg Cirogomes2006.jpg
Candidate Jair Bolsonaro Geraldo Alckmin Ciro Gomes
Party PSL PSDB PDT
Home state Rio de Janeiro São Paulo Ceará

  MarinaSilva2010.jpg Foto oficial de Álvaro Dias.jpg Joaoamoedopartidonovo alo alo bahia (cropped).jpg
Candidate Marina Silva Álvaro Dias João Amoêdo
Party REDE PODE NOVO
Home state Acre Paraná São Paulo

Brazil Blank Map light.svg

Incumbent President

Michel Temer
MDB



General elections are scheduled to be held in Brazil in October 2018 to elect the President and Vice President, the National Congress, state Governors and Vice Governors and state Legislative Assemblies.

The 2014 elections saw Workers' Party candidate Dilma Rousseff re-elected as President in the second round with 51.6% of the vote, defeating Aécio Neves of the Brazilian Social Democracy Party who received 48.4% of the vote.[1] Rousseff had first been elected in the 2010 elections, succeeding her political mentor, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, who was in office from 2003 until 2011.

However, on 3 December 2015, impeachment proceedings against Rousseff were officially accepted by the Chamber of Deputies.[2] On 12 May 2016, the Federal Senate temporarily suspended Rousseff's powers and duties for up to six months or until the Senate reached a verdict: to remove her from office if found guilty or to acquit her from the crimes charged.[3] Vice President Michel Temer, of the Brazilian Democratic Movement Party, assumed her powers and duties as Acting President of Brazil during the suspension.[4][5] On 31 August 2016, the Senate voted 61–20 in favor of impeachment, finding Rousseff guilty of breaking budgetary laws and removing her from office.[6][7] Vice President Temer succeeded Rousseff as the 37th President of Brazil.

Electoral system[edit]

Presidential elections[edit]

The President of Brazil is elected using the two-round system. Citizens may field their candidacies for the presidency, and participate in the general elections, which are held on the first Sunday in October (in this instance, 7 October 2018).[8] If the most-voted candidate takes more than 50% of the overall vote, he or she is declared elected. If the 50% threshold is not met by any candidate, a second round of voting is held on the last Sunday in October (in this instance, 28 October 2018). In the second round, only the two most-voted candidates from the first round may participate. The winner of the second round is elected President of Brazil.

Congressional elections[edit]

Two-thirds of the 81 members of the Federal Senate will be elected, the other third having been elected in 2014. Two candidates will be elected from each of the states using majority block voting, with voters able to cast two votes each.[9] All 513 members of the Chamber of Deputies will be elected, with candidates elected from 27 multi-member constituencies based on the states, varying in size from seven to 70 seats. The Chamber elections are held using open list proportional representation, with seats allocated using the simple quotient.[10] Voting is mandatory and abstainers can be fined.[9]

Presidential candidates[edit]

Potential candidates[edit]

Brazilian Democratic Movement (MDB)[edit]

Brazilian Labor Renewal Party (PRTB)[edit]

Brazilian Social Democracy Party (PSDB)[edit]

Christian Democracy (DC)[edit]

Communist Party of Brazil (PCdoB)[edit]

Democratic Labour Party (PDT)[edit]


Free Homeland Party (PPL)[edit]

New Party (NOVO)[edit]


Patriota (PATRI)[edit]

We Can (PODE)[edit]

Social Christian Party (PSC)[edit]

Social Democratic Party (PSD)[edit]

  • Guilherme Afif Domingos - Vice Governor of São Paulo 2011–2015; Secretary of Micro and Small Business 2013–2015; State Secretary of Economic Development, Science and Technology of São Paulo 2011; State Secretary of Labor and Employment of São Paulo 2007–2011; Federal Deputy from São Paulo 1987–1991.[24]

Social Liberal Party (PSL)[edit]

Socialism and Liberty Party (PSOL)[edit]


Sustainability Network (REDE)[edit]

Unified Workers' Socialist Party (PSTU)[edit]

  • Vera Lúcia - shoemaker and unionist.[31][32]

Workers' Party (PT)[edit]

Ineligible[edit]

Lost in primaries or conventions[edit]

Declined candidates[edit]

Opinion polls[edit]

Graph showing 5 poll average trend lines of Brazilian opinion polls from June 2015 to the most recent one. Each line corresponds to a political party. The markers for PT correspond to the potential candidate Lula. The markers for PSDB until 9–10 April 2015 correspond to the potential candidate Aécio Neves, and from 17–18 June 2015 correspond to the potential candidate Geraldo Alckmin. The markers for MDB on 17–18 June 2015 and 28 February–2 March 2016 correspond to the potential candidate Eduardo Paes; the other markers for MDB from 28 October–2 November 2015 to 29–31 July 2017, 27–30 October 2017, 28 February–3 March 2018, 27 April–2 May 2018 and 15–18 and 21–23 May 2018 correspond to the potential candidate Michel Temer instead of Henrique Meirelles.
Graph showing 5 poll average trend lines of Brazilian opinion polls from June 2015 to the most recent one. Each line corresponds to a political party. The markers for PT on 18–21 December 2017 and 29–30 January 2018 correspond to the potential candidate Jaques Wagner instead of Fernando Haddad. The markers for MDB on 28 February–3 March 2018 and 27 April–2 May 2018 correspond to the potential candidate Michel Temer instead of Henrique Meirelles. The marker for PSDB on 25–29 May 2017 corresponds to the potential candidate João Doria instead of Geraldo Alckmin.
Graph showing 5 poll average trend lines of Brazilian opinion polls for the second round between Lula (PT) and Bolsonaro (PSL) from April 2017 to the most recent one.
Graph showing 5 poll average trend lines of Brazilian opinion polls for the second round Marina Silva (REDE) and Bolsonaro (PSL) from April 2017 to the most recent one.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Brazil keen to open trade talks with UK Financial Times, 22 July 2016
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  3. ^ "Dilma Rousseff suspended as Senate votes to impeach". CNN. Retrieved 12 May 2016. 
  4. ^ "Brazil's Senate Votes to Impeach President Dilma Rousseff". NBC News. 12 May 2016. Retrieved 12 May 2016. 
  5. ^ "Afastada, Dilma mantém salário, Alvorada, avião e assessores". Congresso em Foco (in Portuguese). 
  6. ^ CNN, Catherine E. Shoichet and Euan McKirdy. "Brazil's Senate ousts Rousseff in impeachment vote". CNN. Retrieved 31 August 2016. 
  7. ^ "Brazil President Dilma Rousseff removed from office by Senate". BBC News. September 1, 2016. Retrieved September 1, 2016. 
  8. ^ The Electoral System Library of Congress Country Studies
  9. ^ a b Electoral system IPU
  10. ^ Electoral system IPU
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