Phoneutria fera

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Phoneutria fera
Wandering Spider (Phoneutria fera) (10623228224).jpg
P. fera from French Guiana
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Infraorder: Araneomorphae
Family: Ctenidae
Genus: Phoneutria
Species:
P. fera
Binomial name
Phoneutria fera
Perty, 1833[1]
Synonyms[1]
  • Ctenus ferus (Perty, 1833)
  • Ctenus sus Strand, 1909

Phoneutria fera is a species of spider in the family Ctenidae found in South America (Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Brazil, Suriname and Guyana).[1] It is commonly known as the Brazilian wandering spider as well as the banana spider,[2] although these names are applied to other species in the genus Phoneutria, particularly Phoneutria nigriventer.[3][2] P. fera tends to spend a larger amount of time in vegetation during the early period of its life and spends more time on the ground once they become larger. This is more common in females, since they typically tend to be larger in size than males.[4][5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Taxon details Phoneutria fera Perty, 1833", World Spider Catalog, Natural History Museum Bern, retrieved 2017-04-07
  2. ^ a b https://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/home-news/brazilian-wandering-spider-deadly-allegedly-found-asda-bananas-a7321206.html RET. Nov. 06, 2017 03:05 CST
  3. ^ Wolfgang Bücherl; Eleanor E. Buckley (2013-09-24). Venomous Animals and Their Venoms: Venomous Invertebrates. Elsevier. pp. 237–. ISBN 978-1-4832-6289-5.
  4. ^ Gasnier, Thierry Ray; de Azevedo, Clarissa Salette; Torres-Sanchez, Martha Patricia & Höfer, Hubert (2002), "Adult size of eight hunting spider species in Central Amazonia: temporal variations and sexual dimorphisms", Journal of Arachnology, 30 (1): 146–154, doi:10.1636/0161-8202(2002)030[0146:ASOEHS]2.0.CO;2
  5. ^ Torres-Sanchez, Martha Patricia & Gasnier, Thierry Ray (2010), "Patterns of Abundance, Habitat Use and Body Size Structure of Phoneutria reidyi and P. fera (Araneae: Ctenidae) in a Central Amazonian Rainforest", Journal of Arachnology, 38 (3): 433–440, doi:10.1636/P08-93.1