Brazilians in French Guiana

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Brazilians in French Guiana
Total population
Regions with significant populations
Cayenne · Saint-Georges
Portuguese · French, French Guiana Creole
Roman Catholicism
Related ethnic groups
Brazilian diaspora

Nearly half of all Brazilians in France live in French Guiana, including many who have crossed the border without formal permission from France.

As in neighbouring Guyana and Suriname, many are gold miners. As of 2012, there are about 70,000 Brazilians in French Guiana.[1]

Illegal immigration[edit]

French Guiana continues to be a popular destination for illegal miners from Brazil for three reasons, the Gold price dramatic increase created a large scale gold rush in the Guianas, the strong repression organized by Brazilian security forces against illegal mining in Brazil and the lack of traceability in the French legal gold supply chain which allows an easy laundering of illegal gold.[2]

Over 15,000 illegal immigrants mainly from Brazil are said to work in over 500 non-permitted extraction sites in French Guiana. The commune of Saint-Georges, which lies on the Oyapock River (which forms the border with Brazil), opposite the Brazilian town of Oiapoque, is one of the main gateways for illegal Brazilian immigrants.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ G1 > Mundo – NOTÍCIAS – Brasileiros tentam a sorte na Guiana Francesa. Retrieved on 2012-05-19.
  2. ^ The Scourge Of Illegal Mining In French Guiana. Mining
  3. ^ Illegal immigration in French Guiana France 24 - International News, 2 November 2008