Brazoria National Wildlife Refuge

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Brazoria National Wildlife Refuge
IUCN category IV (habitat/species management area)
Map showing the location of Brazoria National Wildlife Refuge
Map showing the location of Brazoria National Wildlife Refuge
Map of the United States
LocationBrazoria County, Texas, United States
Nearest cityAngleton, Texas
Coordinates29°05′00″N 95°15′00″W / 29.08333°N 95.25000°W / 29.08333; -95.25000Coordinates: 29°05′00″N 95°15′00″W / 29.08333°N 95.25000°W / 29.08333; -95.25000
Area44,414 acres (179.74 km2)
Governing bodyU.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
WebsiteBrazoria National Wildlife Refuge

The Brazoria National Wildlife Refuge is a 44,414-acre (179.74 km2)[1] wildlife conservation area along the coast of Texas (USA), east of the towns of Angleton and Lake Jackson, Texas. It borders Christmas Bay and the Intracoastal Waterway, separated from the Gulf of Mexico by Follet's Island.

Brazoria National Wildlife Refuge (bottom center), east of Lake Jackson, along the coast of southeast Texas.

Brazoria National Wildlife Refuge was established in 1969 and provides quality habitat for wintering migratory waterfowl and other bird life. The refuge contains a freshwater slough which winds through salt marshes.[2]

In winter, more than 100,000 snow geese, Canada geese, pintail, northern shoveler, teal, gadwall, American wigeon, mottled ducks, and sandhill cranes fill the numerous ponds and sloughs to capacity.[2]

In summer, birds which nest on the refuge include 10 species of herons and egrets, white ibis, roseate spoonbill, mottled duck, white-tailed kite, clapper rail, horned lark, seaside sparrow, black skimmer, and scissor-tailed flycatcher.[2]

Three national wildlife refuges on the Texas coast - Brazoria, San Bernard and Big Boggy - form a vital complex of coastal wetlands harboring more than 300 bird species.[3]

Saltmarsh fleabane (Pluchea odorata), Brazoria National Wildlife Refuge, Brazoria County, Texas, USA (24 August 2013)


  1. ^ "Annual Report of Lands Under Control of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service" (PDF). U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. September 30, 2010. Retrieved December 14, 2011.
  2. ^ a b c FWS (September 2008). "Brazoria Refuge". Retrieved 2008-09-20.
  3. ^ FWS (September 2008). "San Bernard National Wildlife Refuge". Retrieved 2008-09-20.


Public Domain This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Fish and Wildlife Service.

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